Conference paper
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This paper presents a new typology of innovation with reference to two parameters; firstly, the degree to which innovation is incubated in a complex network of business relationships versus key bilateral relationships; and, secondly, the degree to which innovation is undertaken as a strategic leap as opposed to incrementally. Evidence from the literature is presented to demonstrate that Advanced Business Services play a critical role regardless of which model of innovation in this typology is applied, albeit that the transaction of this role will vary significantly across these categories. This finding is related to the geography of advanced business services in Australia to draw out some key urban policy issues, including the latent potential for a 'core-periphery' pattern of economic development to emerge nationally.


The State of Australian Cities (SOAC) national conferences have been held biennially since 2003 to support interdisciplinary policy-related urban research.

This paper was presented at SOAC 2 held in Brisbane from 30 November to 2 December 2005.

SOAC 2 was hosted by the Urban Research Program at the South Bank campus, Queensland Conservatorium, Griffith University.

The principal intention of the conference was to lead a dialogue between leading researchers on the state of Australian cities and where they might be headed. SOAC 2 was designed to lead to a better understanding of the research needs of Australian cities and to provide those in the public and private sectors with a better appreciation of the current state and capacities of researchers.

SOAC 2 brought together participants from a wide range of fields, including:
academics, researchers, policy makers, private and public sector practitioners, leaders in government, social commentators and the media.

Conference papers published fromSOAC 2 were subject to a peer review process prior to presentation at the conference, with further editing prior to publication.

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