Capacity Building for Disability Inclusive Disaster Risk Reduction in Indonesia
This Technical Report details the Capacity Building component of the Promoting the Inclusion of People with Disabilities in Disaster Management in Indonesia project. It is the second of three technical reports that were created via this project. This project was funded by the Australian Government Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade Australian Development and Research Awards Scheme 2013-2015. This award scheme promotes research and development programs through collaboration between researchers in Australia and elsewhere and INGOs and NGOs in country.
Relevant to capacity building, two aims of the Promoting the Inclusion of People with Disabilities in Disaster Management in Indonesia project were:
- To increase the understanding of people with disabilities of Disaster Risk Reduction and their capacity to engage with Disaster Risk Reduction policy; and,
- To understand and subsequently inform the knowledge base of village volunteers (Kaders subsequently referred to as cadres) and DRR administrators about DiDRR at local and national levels in Indonesia
The specific needs of people with disabilities in relation to disasters and their aftermath were recognised in the Hyogo Framework for Action (UNDISR, 2005). Over the past decade, including people with disabilities in disaster preparedness, planning, response and recovery has become increasingly recognised as an important component of community resilience. Now titled disability inclusive disaster risk reduction (DiDRR), this concept has received international recognition in the outcome of the recent 3rd World Conference, the Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction 2015-2030 (UNDISR, 2015). Central to disability inclusive disaster risk reduction is people with disabilities themselves and their capacities to participate in and contribute to disaster risk reduction policies, practices and programs.
The capacity building component of the project commenced in the first months of the project (May 2013) with project orientation meetings with DRR administrators, government officials, DPOs and community stakeholders. The Workshop Package component focused on building capacity with people with disabilities and was undertaken from July 2013 to April 2015 with 241 representatives (M:158; F:83) from 59 Disabled People Organisations (DPOs) in 5 districts in Indonesia and including the national level in Jakarta.
The building capacity with people with disabilities component involved 5 work packages covering knowledge, attitudes and skills in relation to DiDRR and each with a different thematic focus. Each work package involved presentations, workshops and skills building for the DPO representatives, with pre and post tests and workshop evaluations. DPO representatives were encouraged and supported to extend their learning in their own communities and with other DPO members outside of the formal capacity building activities.
The process of capacity building was mainly targeted for people with disabilities and their DPOs; however the process also involved participation of village volunteers/ cadres and DRR-related government officials in line with Aim 2. It is considered essential to build working linkages between DPOs with government and the community to enable DIDRR to be implemented at the community level with a whole-of-community approach. 28 government representatives and 53 village volunteers participated in the capacity building activities.
This report is organised as follows. Part A covers the contents of each Work Package and includes case studies which highlight the learning of individual participants. Part B includes the reflections of the INGO team who delivered the Work Packages and ‘Lessons Learnt’ from the facilitators’ point of view. Part C includes analysis of interviews undertaken with the government officials responsible for DRR in each of the 6 working areas for this capacity building component of the overall research and development project. Annex 1 contains references and Annex II includes photos from the trainings on the Work Packages. Throughout this Technical Report quotes from participants are included with their consent obtained by ASB, following the University of Sydney Human Ethics Committee Approval No. 2014/658.
There is an accompanying supplement which provides facilitator guidelines. This is titled Supplement to Technical Report 2. Capacity Building for Disability Inclusive Disaster Risk Reduction in Indonesia. Practitioner Guidelines for Capacity Building for Disability Inclusive Disaster Risk Reduction in Indonesia. The entire materials for each of the 5 work packages is available on request from ASB Indonesia, however all the presentation materials, daily schedules and portfolio materials are in Bahasa Indonesia.