Paul Clough

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Journal article



This paper aims to report the results of a study investigating the relevance criteria used by health care professionals when seeking medical images.


Data were collected from 29 participants using a think‐aloud protocol and face‐to‐face interviews and analysed...

Journal article


Evaluation is instrumental to developing and managing effective information retrieval systems. For this process, enlisting crowdsourcing has proven viable. However, less understood are crowdsourcing's limits for evaluation, particularly for domain-specific search. The authors compare relevance assessments gathered using crowdsourcing with those from a domain expert...

Journal article


Introduction. Evaluation is highly important for designing, developing and maintaining effective information retrieval or search systems as it allows the measurement of how successfully an information retrieval system meets its goal of helping users fulfil their information needs. But what does it mean to...

Journal article


In this paper we present results from an investigation of religious information searching based on analyzing log files from a large general-purpose search engine. From approximately 15 million queries, we identified 124,422 that were part of 60,759 user sessions. We present a method for categorizing...

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