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Indigenous offenders are heavily over-represented in the Australian and Canadian criminal justice systems. In the case of R v Gladue, the Supreme Court of Canada held that sentencing judges are to recognise the adverse systemic and background factors that many Aboriginal Canadians face and consider...
The latest analysis of social exclusion shows that about five per cent (about 825,000) of Australians aged over 15 are deeply excluded and almost one per cent (150,000) are deeply excluded. The Social Exclusion Monitor, developed since 2008 by the Brotherhood of St Laurence and...
This article explores the dynamic by which once exceptional measures become normalised and then extended to new extremes.
Since September 11, Australia’s federal Parliament has enacted a range of exceptional measures aimed at preventing terrorism. These measures include control orders, which...
This article argues that direct cross-examination of vulnerable witnesses should be removed from Australian trials, to reduce any illegitimate advantage to the defendant.
Cross-examination is fundamental to the adversarial criminal trial. However, when children and witnesses with an intellectual disability are...
This article tests claims about the legal significance of possessing Australian citizenship against the legal reality.
The Preamble to the Australian Citizenship Act 2007 (Cth) makes three broad claims about Australian statutory citizenship: that it signifies ‘full and formal membership of...
This white paper describes the outcomes of a project designed to examine the effectiveness of using broadband technologies to deliver a program promoting well-being and engagement amongst young deaf and hearing impaired adults.
This white paper recommends:Broadband technologies continue to be explored...
This study finds that participation in extracurricular activities significantly reduces engagement in risky behaviours among Australian adolescents. However, the effects differ by activity type, gender and to some extent by socio-economic status (SES). Participation in activities other than sports and arts reduces...
Around two-thirds of students have reported incomes below the poverty line as student debt soars by almost 30 per cent in just six years according to the findings of the University Student Finances in 2012 report.
According to Universities Australia's comprehensive...
This report calls for an inclusive approach to a region which is now home to the world’s most important and sensitive trade routes.
Approaches that seek to exclude China are unlikely to guarantee long-term regional stability, according to the report, commissioned by the Australia...
The Australian Security Intelligence Organisation Legislation (Terrorism) Amendment Act 2003 (Cth) is the most controversial piece of anti-terrorism legislation passed by the Commonwealth Parliament.The Act created a system of warrants that permit the Australian Security Intelligence Organisation to question and detain non-suspects for the purposes...