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Briefing paper

What is a Parliamentary Budget Office costing?

This PBO information paper provides a conceptual explanation of what a costing is, what a costing is designed to capture and how a costing estimate is generated. It has been prepared to improve understanding of what a costing represents and assist in the interpretation of...
Briefing paper

Including broader economic effects in policy costings

A key role for the Parliamentary Budget Office (PBO) is to prepare budget quality costings of policies proposed by members of Parliament. This paper explains the PBO’s approach and sets out how and when broader economy wide effects, also referred to as second round effects...
Briefing paper

Principles for designing a National Integrity Commission

This paper argues that a National Integrity Commission is urgently needed to investigate and expose corruption and misconduct in federal government and the public sector.
Briefing paper

Australian Capital Territory tourism audit

With appeal to both domestic and international markets, the ACT has seen strong growth in overnight visitor numbers from both markets over the past few years - exceeding national growth rates.
Briefing paper

Power through knowledge: patient education and self-management keys to successfully managing chronic pain

Empowering people to self-manage their pain on a daily basis is key to managing chronic pain, reducing pain-related disability and facilitating return-to-work.
Briefing paper

One belt, one road, many rules-based orders

The Belt and Road Initiative (BRI) is a blueprint for a China-centric order in the Indo-Pacific. Australia requires policy flexibility to successfully navigate the regional changes caused by China’s gamble on BRI.
Briefing paper

Women’s economic empowerment and escaping violent relationships

Examines some of the challenges women in the Papua New Guinea highlands face in escaping violent relationships.
Briefing paper

A conversation about community harmony

The Ethnic Communities’ Council of Victoria (ECCV) brought together representatives from a diverse range of culturally diverse, religious, and community groups. This is a summary of the facilitated conversation on the topic of community harmony.
Briefing paper

Reward work, not wealth

This paper looks at growing extreme wealth, and those who work but live in poverty. It explores why this is happening, and gives recommendations on how it can be fixed.
Briefing paper

Climate-induced migration and displacement: closing the policy gap

This briefing explores climate-induced migration and displacement, which is seen to be falling between the policy gaps. Existing international frameworks and national policies are yet to make the crucial link between climate change impact on the frequency and intensity of extreme climate events, environmental degradation...