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This study sought to examine the prevalence of cognitive impairment in a representative sample of Indigenous offenders from Victorian prisons.
In this report, four programs that were already being implemented by states and territories and identified by them under the National Indigenous Law & Justice Framework as promising practice in diversion are examined.
Diversion from the youth justice system is...
Wadeye is one of the largest Indigenous communities in the Northern Territory. Over the past decade, the community has attracted much negative media attention because of the amount of violence that has occurred. This violence has often been portrayed as the result of gang activity....
This paper reports findings from statistical analyses of Indigeneity and lower court sentencing in New South Wales and South Australia from 1998 to 2008. The aim was to explore the probability of Indigenous versus non-Indigenous defendants receiving a prison sentence over time, while controlling for...
Indigenous communities possess unique strengths but also face significant challenges. This research brief examines the effectiveness of place-based initiatives in reducing disadvantage in Indigenous communities.
The challenges faced by some communities, such as poverty, unemployment, poor health, social dysfunction and violence, have not been...
This paper reviews the evidence on policies and programs that reduce offending by Indigenous juveniles in Australia.
Indigenous juveniles (those aged 10 to 16 years in Queensland and 10 to 17 years in all other jurisdictions) are over-represented at all stages of the criminal...
Statistics drawn from police data do not show the crime and victimisation that is never disclosed to police. This paper explores reasons for the high rates of non-disclosure of violence in Indigenous communities.
It begins by examining reasons for non-disclosure in the broader Australian...
Indigenous over-representation is the most significant social justice and public policy issue for the Australian and New Zealand criminal justice systems.
Closing the gap on Indigenous overrepresentation has been identified as a priority and promoted through the National Indigenous Law and Justice Framework and...
While government investments have increased the availability of fundamental services such as police and schools, this report highlights the gaps that exist for Indigenous Australians in being able to make use of these services needed for community safety.
The disadvantages faced by...
There have been a variety of innovative court models introduced, piloted and implemented across Australia to improve the effectiveness of the criminal justice system in dealing with specific offender populations. Indigenous sentencing courts have been established in most Australian jurisdictions in order to...