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Cannabis, the most widely used illicit drug in Australia, is not as harmful (in terms of individual health and public health costs) as tobacco or alcohol abuse. However, there is emerging evidence linking it to the development of dependence syndromes and mental illness, and legitimate...
This Paper focuses on over-clearing and subsequent degradation of the land as the major threats to biodiversity and agricultural productivity. The example of a major wave of bird extinctions, which is now occurring in Australia's temperate agricultural zone, is used to illustrate the problem. Declines...
The teenage youth labour market contrasts strongly with the labour market for persons aged 20 and over. Unemployment rates have traditionally been much higher for youth than for the general population. A high proportion of teenage youth are also involved in full-time education which can...
The rise in fuel prices has stimulated interest in how crude oil produced in Australia is taxed. This Research Note outlines the Commonwealth's crude oil excise and royalties regimes, complementing an earlier Note on the Petroleum Resource Rent Tax (Research Note No. 20 2000-01).
The Commonwealth has three schemes that subsidise the price of petrol and diesel to certain users. While the rise in fuel prices has focused public comment on the role of taxes in prices, attention to the subsidy schemes has also increased, particularly with respect to...