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This report contains thirty-five recommendations designed to reduce the disproportionate rate of incarceration of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples and improve community safety.
This study sought to examine the prevalence of cognitive impairment in a representative sample of Indigenous offenders from Victorian prisons.
This article explores cases in which Indigenous defendants have perceived that an all-white jury’s prejudice against Indigenous people would prevent them receiving a fair trial, and draws comparisons with the United States and Canada.
This paper explores the nature of relations between public officials and community workers, drawing on empirical data from a study on Indigenous patrols in New South Wales, Australia. Patrol workers interact with public officials from various state entities who are tasked with...
Between 1 January 1980 and 31 May 1989, ninety-nine Aboriginal and Tones Strait Islander people died in the custody of prison, police or juvenile detention institutions. They were eighty-eight males and eleven females. Their approximate average age at death was thirty-two years, the median age-the...
It is time to re-define our criminal justice system to redress the over-reliance on incarceration as the means of achieving safer communities. A substantive reconfiguration of mental health, disability and substance misuse services is essential to provide comprehensive treatment rather than punish for vulnerable people....
In 1837 a British Parliamentary Select Committee published a report on the situation of Aboriginal peoples across its colonies around the world including Australia, Canada, New Zealand, Pacific Island Countries, South America and Africa. A second version of this report was subsequently produced in the...
Indigenous offenders are heavily over-represented in the Australian and Canadian criminal justice systems. In the case of R v Gladue, the Supreme Court of Canada held that sentencing judges are to recognise the adverse systemic and background factors that many Aboriginal Canadians face and consider...
Striking differences in economic outcomes exist within New Zealand for Māori relative to the non-Māori population. This paper analyses whether certain beliefs and values differ systematically between Māori and non-Māori, while recognising that there is not a uniform culture for either group. Many of the...
This report finds that deep funding cuts and uncertainty about Government plans have created one of the largest scale upheavals in Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander affairs.
One of my primary responsibilities is to report annually on the enjoyment and exercise...