Crime

ALTERNATIVE LABELS
Criminal offences
Criminal statistics
Criminals
NARROWER TERMS
Report

Attrition of human trafficking and slavery cases through the Australian criminal justice system

The investigation and prosecution of human trafficking and slavery cases is challenging. The purpose of this study was twofold: to identify the points of attrition in the criminal justice process (defined as when a matter was referred to the police until the achievement of a...
Report

Helping hands: understanding Vietnamese offenders in Victoria

The Vietnamese community is the largest refugee community in Australia. This report is the outcome of a pilot project on Vietnamese offenders conducted in Victoria in 2020–2021.
Discussion paper

The ‘80 per cent rule’: the serious violent offences scheme in the Penalties and Sentences Act 1992 (Qld) - issues paper

This issues paper has been prepared to gather and present information about the serious violent offences scheme to assist stakeholders and community members to provide their views to the Queensland Sentencing Advisory Council on the scheme and options for reform.
Report

Organised crime and criminal careers: findings from an Australian sample

This study analyses the recorded criminal histories of a sample of individuals affiliated with known organised crime groups.
Report

Estimating the cost of pure cybercrime to Australian individuals

This report estimates the cost of pure cyber-crime to individuals in Australia in 2019.
Report

Fraud against the Commonwealth 2019–20

This report presents the results from the AIC’s 2019–20 Fraud Against the Commonwealth census.
Report

Fraud and its relationship to pandemics and economic crises: from Spanish flu to COVID-19

This report seeks to draw out the common characteristics of frauds associated with pandemics. The report identifies some novel crime types and methodologies arising during the COVID-19 pandemic of 2020 that were not seen in previous pandemics.
Report

Early-career offending trajectories among outlaw motorcycle gang members

This study examines the criminal histories of outlaw motorcycle gang (OMCG) members during adolescence and early adulthood to determine whether the profile of young members has changed over time.
Report

The criminal career trajectories of domestic violence offenders

Domestic violence offending often forms part of a broader pattern of offending. This study examines the officially recorded criminal careers of 2,076 domestic violence offenders and 9,925 non-domestic violence offenders in New South Wales in the 10 years following their first police proceeding.
Report

Homicide in Australia 2018–19

This report describes the 224 homicide incidents recorded by Australian state and territory police (except Australian Capital Territory) between 1 July 2018 and 30 June 2019.
Report

The organisational structure, social networks and criminal activities of outlaw motorcycle gangs: literature review

Outlaw motorcycle gangs (OMCGs) are often reported to be disproportionately involved in crime. This systematic review of the existing literature was conducted to examine the organisational structures that underpin the criminal activity of OMCGs
Report

Crime, justice and social capital in the Torres Strait region

Torres Strait Islanders had a strong sense of themselves as composed of distinct peoples and cultures different from those of the mainland. This report examines the extent of crime occurring and how justice is practised in the Torres Strait Islands.
Report

Criminal mobility of outlaw motorcycle gangs in Australia

The criminal mobility of outlaw motorcycle gang (OMCG) members presents a significant challenge to Australian governments and police. This study examines the prevalence and patterns of criminal mobility in a sample of almost 4,000 OMCG members in more than 400 chapters.
Report

State of the nation 2021

This report looks at five specific areas of social wellbeing and measures outcomes that impact on the wellbeing of the communities, whānau and individuals that the Salvation Army, Te Ope Whakaora, works with.
Report

Crime commission processes in child sexual abuse material production and distribution: a systematic review

The aim of this study was to conduct a systematic review of the empirical literature on crime commission processes involved in child sexual abuse material (CSAM) production and distribution.
Report

Effects of outlaw motorcycle gang membership and the support needs of former members

Drawing on interviews with 39 former members of outlaw motorcycle gangs, this research identifies consequences associated with leaving the club and the effects of membership experienced before and after leaving.
Report

The changing culture of outlaw motorcycle gangs in Australia

This study examines changes to the internal cultures of Australian outlaw motorcycle gangs, based on the perceptions of former members. The findings give unique insights into a closed, secretive and at times violent and criminal set of clubs, and highlight important trends relevant to law...
Guide

How to talk about crime and justice: a guide

This guide draws on evidence-led communications theory to provide practical guidance and resources for people who communicate about justice.
Report

Misconceptions of sexual crimes against adult victims: barriers to justice

The purpose of this study is to synthesise over 40 years of research evidence to present an accurate and updated picture of sexual offending. This paper addresses some of the most significant myths and misconceptions about adult rape and sexual assault.
Report

Expert and public narratives on crime in New Zealand: gaps and opportunities to communicate reform

In this report, the authors summarise research they have undertaken to understand how experts understand and frame criminal justice, how the public also does so, and where the opportunities for building new, more effective narratives may lie.