Child sexual abuse


The sexual exploitation of Australian children on dating apps and websites

This paper highlights the need for additional safety features to be embedded in mobile dating apps and dating websites to protect vulnerable users and to prevent the sexual exploitation of children.

Exploring the role of opportunity in recidivist child sexual offending

The aim of this study is to improve understanding of the role of opportunity in the offences against children perpetrated by alleged offenders who have already had contact with the criminal justice system.

Adverse childhood experiences among youth who offend

Results of this study confirm the high rates of co-occurring adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) in the developmental histories of male youth who encounter the youth justice system in Australia, especially among those who have perpetrated sexual harm.

Child sexual abuse material and end-to-end encryption on social media platforms: an overview

This paper reviews open-source materials, including electronic service provider (ESP) transparency reports, to provide an overview of the contemporary problem of child sexual abuse material offending on ESP platforms.

Exploring the onset, duration and temporal ordering of adverse childhood experiences in young people adjudicated for sexual offences: a longitudinal qualitative study

This study presents a sequential analysis of adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) over time, and introduces a data visualisation tool to examine the onset, duration and temporal ordering of those adversities experienced throughout one’s childhood and adolescence.

Second interim report of the Joint Select Committee on implementation of the National Redress Scheme, November 2021

Since its establishment in 2018, the National Redress Scheme has made both a symbolic and practical contribution to the pursuit of justice by survivors of institutional child sexual abuse. The focus of this second interim report is to identify reforms that will have the greatest...

A guide for children and young people to the National strategy to prevent and respond to child sexual abuse (2021-2030) and its action plans

This guide is intended to help children and young people understand child sexual abuse, how and where to get help, and how the national strategy is improving Australia’s response to child sexual abuse. It is recommended for children aged 9 years and up.

National strategy to prevent and respond to child sexual abuse 2021–2030

This strategy is the first of its kind in Australia, and provides a nationally coordinated, strategic framework for preventing and responding to child sexual abuse. It seeks to reduce the risk, extent and impact of child sexual abuse and related harms in Australia.

First Commonwealth action plan to prevent and respond to child sexual abuse 2021–2024

This strategy document works alongside the First National Action Plan, and includes measures the Australian government will largely deliver on its own. The focus will be on Australian government priorities and responsibilities, such as preventing and responding to online child sexual abuse.

Adult responses to concerning sexual behaviours of young people in specialist school settings

Children with disability have a right to support and safety not only to prevent harm from adults, but also from their peers. This report presents findings from a study that examined how well equipped specialist school staff are to respond to child sexual abuse among...

Predicting prolific live streaming of child sexual abuse

Technologically-enabled crime has proliferated in recent years. One such crime type is the live streaming of child sexual abuse (CSA). This study employs a machine learning approach to better understand the characteristics of Australians who engaged with known facilitators of CSA live streaming in the...

Patterns and predictors of reoffending among child sexual offenders: a rapid evidence assessment

This report presents a rapid evidence assessment which provides an updated review of reoffending research on child sexual offenders from January 2010 to March 2020. Thirty-three studies examining 55 independent samples of adult and juvenile child sexual offenders were reviewed.

Reoffending among child sexual offenders

This study examines reoffending among 1,092 male offenders proceeded against for a child sexual offence in New South Wales between 2004 and 2013.

Second year review of the National Redress Scheme: final report

This review concludes that a significant and urgent reset of the National Redress Scheme is required to deliver on the commitments of governments, provide survivors with an acknowledgment that the abuse should not have occurred, and confirm that the scheme is a survivor-centred, humane and...

Rates of therapy use following a disclosure of child sexual abuse

This paper describes a rapid evidence review of research on the utilisation of therapy for child sexual abuse.

Factors influencing therapy use following a disclosure of child sexual abuse

This paper reports on the results of a rapid evidence review of research into factors influencing the utilisation of therapy for child sexual abuse.

Child sexual abuse material on the darknet: a script analysis of how offenders operate

Using data obtained from interviews with online investigators, this study uses crime script analysis to reconstruct step-by-step how offenders operate on the darknet.

Effective delivery methods and teaching strategies for child sexual abuse prevention: a rapid evidence check

This rapid evidence check presents the current state of child sexual abuse (CSA) prevention programs, reviewing their utility and effectiveness for CSA prevention education for children. It includes recommendations about the design and delivery of programs for pre-schoolers and children in the early primary school...

Production and distribution of child sexual abuse material by parental figures

This report argues that there is a need for targeted research into the circumstances, patterns and dynamics of child sexual abuse material production perpetrated by parental figures, in order to inform strategies to prevent and detect offending parents.