Cardiovascular diseases


Journal article

The 45 and Up Study: reflecting on contributions to global evidence using case studies on cardiovascular disease and smoking

This article describes the attributes that have underscored the success of the 45 and Up Study and demonstrate its value by reflecting on two case studies - research on socioeconomic inequalities in cardiovascular disease and the harms of smoking.

The relationship between health risk factors and the neighbourhood environment

Our neighbourhood environment influences our health by supporting or hindering our opportunities to engage in physical activity, access nutritious foods and commute to work. This report explores whether the selected factors in the neighbourhood environment are associated with socio-economic disadvantage and obesity, physical inactivity, insufficient...
Journal article

Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander health checks: sociodemographic characteristics and cardiovascular risk factors

This study aimed to quantify Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Medicare 'health check' claims in Australian adults, in relation to socio-demographic and health characteristics, including prior cardiovascular disease (CVD) and CVD risk factors.
Journal article

Variation in seeking care for cardiovascular disease and ambulance utilization among migrants in Australia: Time, Ethnicity, and Delay (Ted) study III

Insight into differences in seeking medical care for chest pain among migrant populations is limited. This study aimed to determine ethnic differences in seeking care behaviors and using ambulances among migrants compared to an Australian-born group. A total of 607 patients presenting with chest pain...

Audio podcast

Research that matters: collaborations across nations and industries

Cardiovascular diseases are the leading cause of death globally. In this episode, Professor Simon Stewart explains why he’s dedicated his whole life to improving the health outcomes of people with heart and lung diseases.

Better cardiac care measures for Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people: fifth national report 2020

This is the fifth national report on the 21 Better Cardiac Care measures for Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people, with updated data available for 15 measures.
Journal article

Predicting Australian adults at high risk of cardiovascular disease mortality using standard risk factors and machine learning

Effective cardiovascular disease (CVD) prevention relies on timely identification and intervention for individuals at risk. Conventional formula-based techniques have been demonstrated to over-or under-predict the risk of CVD in the Australian population. This study assessed the ability of machine learning models to predict CVD mortality...


Congenital heart disease in Australia

Globally, congenital heart disease affects around 9 in every 1,000 babies born. In Australia, a large number of children, young people and adults live with congenital heart disease. This report presents latest statistics and trends on the incidence of congenital heart disease, and on hospitalisation...

Better cardiac care measures for Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people: fourth national report 2018–19

This is the fourth national report on the 21 Better Cardiac Care measures for Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people, with updated data available for 14 measures. The report indicates that the level of access for cardiac-related health services is improving for Indigenous Australians.

Peak Winter! A report on the seasonal impact of heart failure in Australia

Based on the best available evidence, this report describes the annual burden of hospital admissions linked to a primary diagnosis of cardiovascular disease (CVD) and heart failure through the prism of seasonality.
Policy report

Improving brain and body health: linking dementia and chronic disease prevention

The evidence cited in this paper makes a strong case for a new approach to risk reduction. Science is increasingly clarifying the pathways through which brain and body interactions take place and shedding light on the impacts of disease on the brain and other organs...

Cardiovascular disease in women

Cardiovascular disease is a leading cause of illness and death. With increasing recognition that aspects of its prevention, treatment and management are unique to women, this report focuses on the impact of cardiovascular disease on the health of Australian women.

Cardiovascular disease in women—a snapshot of national statistics

Recent data indicates that over half a million Australian women have one or more heart, stroke and vascular diseases, and that CVD is the cause of almost one-third of all deaths among women.

No second chances: controlling risk in cardiovascular disease

This report highlights that people with cardiovascular disease require aggressive management of their risk factors to prevent secondary cardiovascular events. This includes effective strategies to support medicine and treatment adherence, rehabilitation, and lifestyle changes.

Indicators of socioeconomic inequalities in cardiovascular disease, diabetes and chronic kidney disease

Australians as a whole enjoy good health, but the benefits are not shared equally by all. People who are socioeconomically disadvantaged have, on average, greater levels of cardiovascular disease (CVD), diabetes and chronic kidney disease (CKD). This report uses latest available data to measure socioeconomic...

The cost of inaction on Rheumatic Heart Disease

Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander communities have some of the highest rates of rheumatic heart disease (RHD) in the world. This report outlines the trajectory of acute rheumatic fever (ARF) and RHD in Australia until 2031, assuming only the current levels of funding and attention...

Transition between hospital and community care for patients with coronary heart disease: New South Wales and Victoria 2012–2015

This report examined the health services used by more than 37,300 people with coronary heart disease (CHD) who were discharged from a public hospital in New South Wales or Victoria between April 2012 and June 2013. The report analysed linked de-identified hospitalisation data to Medicare...

Better cardiac care measures for Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people: third national report 2017

This is the third national report on the 21 Better Cardiac Care measures for Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people, with updated data available to report on 14 measures. It shows that while the mortality rate from cardiac conditions is falling among Indigenous Australians, it...
Journal article

Constructing whole of population cohorts for health and social research using the New Zealand Integrated Data Infrastructure

The objective of this research was to construct and compare a 2013 New Zealand population derived from Statistics New Zealand’s Integrated Data Infrastructure (IDI) with the 2013 census population and a 2013 Health Service Utilisation population, and to ascertain the differences in cardiovascular disease prevalence...

Cardiovascular health in remote and rural communities

This report’s purpose is to detail the cardiovascular disease (CVD) burden on remote and rural Australia, and to propose action to ameliorate CVD impacts. Many CVD events are preventable.

The dark heart of Type 2 Diabetes

The 1.5 million Australians living with Type 2 Diabetes are twice as likely to suffer a sudden cardiac death, where the heart suddenly and unexpectedly stops working, compared to those without the condition, according to this report.
Journal article


Pericarditis is an important diagnosis to consider, along with various other differential diagnoses, in a patient who presents with chest pain. This article describes in detail the common features, management and complications of pericarditis in the general practice setting.
Journal article

Troponin testing in the primary care setting

This article discusses the role of troponin testing in the diagnosis of acute coronary syndrome, and the role of high-sensitive troponin, which is now in widespread use.
Technical report

Heart health: the first step to getting Australia's health on track

This resource provides an implementation map for one of the ten priority policy actions proposed in AHPC’s Getting Australia’s Health on Track 2016.
Journal article

Transport on prescription: how can GPs contribute to the promotion of active transport?

Active transport (such as walking and cycling) can play a part in reducing non-communicable diseases, but very little is known about how general practitioners can contribute to promoting active transport.