Arms control

Arms race
Nuclear arms control
Nuclear non-proliferation
Nuclear weapons control


The prospects for U.S-Russian arms control

This report aims to take stock of the current state of U.S.-Russian arms control (or the lack thereof), evaluating possible alternatives—including a trilateral process with China and more flexible political agreements—and laying down the issues and possible trade-offs that will be on the negotiation table...
Briefing paper

Escalating cooperation: nuclear deterrence and the U.S-Australia alliance

While few Australian policymakers have engaged with nuclear strategy in recent decades, this paper suggests that there is a growing realisation amongst the country’s foreign affairs and defence community that nuclear deterrence will become more relevant for Australian defence policy.

International treaty examination of the Treaty on the Prohibition of Nuclear Weapons

The Foreign Affairs, Defence and Trade Committee has conducted the international treaty examination of the Treaty on the Prohibition of Nuclear Weapons, and recommends that the House take note of its report.

Trump, Kim and the North Korean nuclear missile melodrama

Now that North Korea has finally reached the threshold of a nuclear missile capability to directly threaten the US mainland, its scripted brand of hyperbole and brinksmanship is encountering a different sort of melodrama - the political theatre of Donald Trump.

Australia and the Korean Crisis: confronting the limits of influence?

This paper argues that the apparent optimism surrounding the ‘season of summitry’ on the Korean Peninsula should be tempered by the fact that there are potential risks attached to engaging the North Korean leadership without preconditions

Implementing the Arms Trade Treaty and the UNPoA: a guide to coordinating an effective arms control system

This is the second edition of the Implementation Guide for the Arms Trade Treaty (ATT) and the UN Small Arms Programme of Action (UNPoA).

The Iran Nuclear deal—facts, issues, stakeholders, and Australian policy: a quick guide

This overview of the Iran nuclear deal provides a basic overview of what is involved and outlines Australia's policy position.

Reinvigorating the Narrative: the broader benefits of the Arms Trade Treaty

This resource looks at the full breadth of advantages offered by the Arms Trade Treaty (ATT), plus an accessible description of how it works.

Myanmar: a nonproliferation success story

Overview Myanmar has made a nonproliferation U-turn in recent years. Once regarded as a pariah state with connections to North Korea and possible nuclear-weapon ambitions, it has completely changed course. In the context of sweeping political and economic reforms that began in 2011, Myanmar has...
Fact sheet

The origin of Australian crime guns: statements from those involved in curbing the proliferation of illicit firearms

For more than a decade, people whose job it is to seize and to trace crime guns in Australia have steadily contradicted the unsourced, evidence-free opinion that most illicit firearms are smuggled into the country.

India, China, the United States and the NSG impasse: competing objectives or just a distraction?

Within the frame of the Indo-US Nuclear Agreement, China’s blocking of India’s NSG membership in tandem with its encircling of India both physically, and with investments across South Asia, raise questions.

Australia’s stance on nuclear deterrence leaves it on the wrong side of history

Is Australia's reliance on nuclear defence agreements keeping us on the wrong side of history?

Firearm imports, Australia: Non-air modern firearms for civilian possession, 1988 to 2015 (ABS)

In the 27 years from 1988 to 2015, Australians imported more than a million guns. Many of these replaced firearm types prohibited and destroyed during federal firearm buybacks, or surrendered in dozens of state gun amnesties. This table lists national firearm import totals provided by...
Discussion paper

Australia and the challenges of weapons of mass destruction

Australia, like all nations, has an over-riding national interest in the development and enforcement of robust international regimes that restrict the creation, deployment and export of weapons of mass destruction. For decades, Australia has been a strong, dedicated contributor to the evolution of control regimes...

New ways of thinking about the global arms industry: dealing with ‘limited autarky’

This report attempts to explain why some countries produce arms on a limited scale, and what benefits they hope to accrue from that strategy. Decisions to produce arms—even to engage in niche production—need to be continually evaluated and re-evaluated for their costs and benefits. Even...

Nuclear latency and the future strategic environment

This paper examines the issue of nuclear latency (the potential for countries to obtain nuclear weapons capability) by focusing on the cases of the Republic of Korea and Japan, then looks at what Australia should do. Overview Since the 1946 ‘Report on the International Control...

Firing blanks? The Arms Trade Treaty

This paper assesses key provisions of the ATT by first back-grounding its origins and contested formulation before assessing its transfer, prohibition and national control provisions, Introduction The Arms Trade Treaty (ATT) was adopted by vote at the United Nations (UN) General Assembly in April 2013...
Fact sheet

Fact Check: Tony Abbott exaggerating India's 'absolutely impeccable record' on nuclear non-proliferation

As the government formalises an agreement to sell uranium to India, over-turning a decades-old ban, Prime Minister Tony Abbott claims the Asian nation has an "absolutely impeccable record" on nuclear non-proliferation.

Disarmament: the balance sheet

My subject today concerns a balance sheet—a balance sheet for disarmament to be precise. I am told that the British scientist, Dame Mary Archer, once said, “It sounds extraordinary but it's a fact that balance sheets can make fascinating reading.”

A rising power looks down under: Chinese perspectives on Australia

With China's rise offering opportunities as much as it presents challenges, this paper puts forward recommendations for managing the relationship between Australia and China. Summary Sino-Australian diplomatic, economic and security ties have experienced significant growth over the past four decades. The general trends have been...