Electronic surveillance

NARROWER TERMS
Report

Facing the risk

Thanks to a decade of rapid progress in the field of computer vision, facial recognition technology (FRT) has become a commercial product available to almost any government or business in the world. This report examines how operators and policymakers can craft an appropriate and tailored...
Briefing paper

How does facial recognition work? A primer

As policy-makers consider how to regulate facial recognition, it is important that their efforts be grounded in fact. This report provides an examination of how the technology works and how to understand questions about its performance and operation.
Policy report

Countering disinformation and protecting democratic communication on encrypted messaging applications

While the debate around encrypted messaging applications and law enforcement is more relevant than ever, especially with the increased reliance on digital communication during the pandemic, this paper recommends that those looking to build policy to curb mis- and disinformation on these platforms recognise that...
Report

The constant boss: work under digital surveillance

This report argues that policy-makers must build robust data protections that empower workers, not just consumers, and also broaden their understanding of algorithmic harms beyond bias and discrimination.
Article

What’s really at stake with vaccine passports

In this article, the author suggests that rather than thinking about vaccine passports as temporary and isolated public health-related measures, we should view them as just one example of how the pandemic is accelerating the rollout of digital identity infrastructure across the world.
Report

Surveillance and the ‘new normal’ of COVID-19: public health, data, and justice

This report maps a range of social fault lines and data-related challenges that the COVID-19 pandemic has raised. In the process, it highlights some emerging best practices and lessons learned that can guide future emergency responses.
Report

Puppet entrepreneurship: technology and control in franchised industries

This report examines the use of electronic monitoring in franchises and the difference in incentives between franchise models that resemble independent entrepreneurship versus employment. The author argues that franchising provides a useful lens for policymakers to think about how to assign legal rights and responsibilities...
Working paper

Governing live automated facial recognition systems for policing in England and Wales

The use of live automated facial recognition (AFR) systems in England and Wales for law enforcement purposes has been the subject of criticism concerning the inadequacy of governance of the technology. This working paper contributes to public policy literature on technology governance, exploring governance through...
Report

Report of the Comprehensive Review of the Legal Framework of the National Intelligence Community

This review comprehensively examined the effectiveness of the legislative framework governing the National Intelligence Community, and prepared findings and recommendations for reforms. The review was supported by a Secretariat in the Attorney-General's Department (Australia).
Report

Digital authoritarianism, China and COVID

This paper argues that the onus is on democracies to do more to counter the harmful aspects of China’s global technology agenda, and to find ways to harness technology, including artificial intelligence, for the global public good, while preserving hard-won democratic rights and liberties.