Underemployment

NARROWER TERMS
Discussion paper

#changethestats: a new way of talking about unemployment

Nick Dyrenfurth argues that for too long statistics have been hiding the real economic story. Consider the latest unemployment data - ostensibly good news. But ask anyone who is working or looking for work and you’ll hear a different story.
Report

The permanent detour: underemployment's long-term effects on the careers of college grads

The rapidly changing world of work presents a flurry of unanswered questions for us all. Take underemployment, which refers to people working in jobs for which they are overqualified. This topic has garnered attention over the years, with researchers illuminating how one in three Americans...
Report

Part-time purgatory: young and underemployed in Australia

A powerful reshaping of Australia’s youth labour market has ushered in an era of extreme job insecurity for the nation’s youth. In 2018, young Australians are far more likely to work part-time than forty years ago, according to this report summary.
Working paper

Exploring online and offline informal work: findings from the Enterprising and Informal Work Activities (EIWA) survey

The growing prevalence of alternative work arrangements has accelerated with the rapidly evolving digital platform transformations in local and global markets (Kenny and Zysman, 2015 and 2016). Although traditional (offline) informal paid work has always been a part of the labor sector (BLS-Contingent Worker Survey...
Report

Imagining a future of work that fosters mobility for all

We live in a time of rising economic polarization. Low and high-wage jobs are growing, while those in the middle are declining or “hollowing out,” not just in the United States, but across the globe. Employment used to be a reliable path to economic stability...
Working paper

Labor standards and the reorganization of work: gaps in data and research

A common but understudied argument is that the reorganization of work has contributed to the deterioration of labor standards in the US over the past four decades. Yet an analysis of existing aggregate data does not show a strong, unambiguous increase in key measures of...
Report

Rights on demand: ensuring workplace standards and workplace security in the on-demand economy

The organization of work is changing rapidly for America’s workers. While the latter decades of the 20th century witnessed a transformation from the post–World War II paradigm of long-term stable employment with a single employer to an economy in which many individuals expected to move...
Report

Working by the hour: the economic consequences of unpredictable scheduling practices

Many workers in the United States are at the mercy of unpredictable scheduling practices, often facilitated by new technologies where computer algorithms create employee schedules based on projected consumer demand. Unpredictable schedules can be found in many occupations but are most common in retail and...
Report

What do we know about gig work in California? An analysis of independent contracting

Over the past two years, Uber has taken center stage in public debates about the future of work, driven by our collective anxiety about technology and growing economic insecurity. The concern is that workers increasingly do not have employers anymore and are facing lower wages...
Report

Wage insurance in an era of non-traditional work

As inequality has markedly risen over the past few decades, so has economic volatility. Abundant research demonstrates that both individuals and households have faced much greater instability in income since the 1970s – a trend dubbed by Jacob Hacker as the “Great Risk Shift.” Income...