Journal article

Neglected and non-consented care during childbirth in public health facilities in Central Tigray, Ethiopia

The present study aimed to assess the magnitude and factors associated with neglected and non-consented care during childbirth in public health facilities in Central Tigray, Ethiopia. Methods: A health facility-based cross-sectional survey supplemented by a qualitative study was conducted from April to May 2020 among...


Having children

Many changes have occurred in Australia since the establishment of the Australian Institute of Families Studies in 1980. This snapshot focuses on fertility rate, the age at which women have their first child, and the number of births per woman.

Stillbirths and neonatal deaths in Australia 2015 and 2016: in brief

In 2015 and 2016, 5,702 babies died in the perinatal period. Three-quarters (4,263) were stillbirths and the remaining 1,439 were neonatal deaths.

Fathers and work: a statistical overview

The birth of a child changes little for Australian fathers’ working lives, according to recent analysis of employment trends in the past few decades by the Australian Institute of Family Studies.
Discussion paper

A conversation about surrogacy in the Northern Territory: discussion paper

Surrogacy refers to an arrangement for a woman to become pregnant and give birth to a child for another couple or single person, with the intention of giving the child to the couple or person once the child is born. The Northern Territory government is...

Trends in partnering and fertility among the Indigenous population

This paper uses data from the Census of Population and Housing to examine trends in Indigenous partnering and fertility between 2006 and 2016. The proportion of Indigenous adults who are partnered (either married or living in a de facto relationship) fell during the period examined...
Briefing paper

Reducing harms related to alcohol use in pregnancy: policy and practice recommendations

The widespread use of alcohol during pregnancy is a significant public health concern in Australia. Prenatal exposure to alcohol, caused by maternal alcohol consumption during pregnancy, increases the risk of miscarriage, stillbirth and FASD.
Journal article

Awareness and use of family planning methods among iTaukei women in Fiji and New Zealand

This research examined iTaukei women's awareness and practice of family planning methods. The research was conducted in New Zealand and Fiji to ascertain differences in behaviour within the context of changing developmental settings.

Australia's mothers and babies 2015—in brief

Australia’s mothers and babies 2015—in brief presents key statistics and trends on pregnancy and childbirth of mothers, and the characteristics and outcomes of their babies.

Experiences of maternity care in NSW public hospitals: January to December 2015

Provides detailed information about the experiences of care for women during various stages of the maternity journey, highlighting where NSW performs well, and potential areas for improvement. Key Findings: 1) A statewide survey of 4,739 women who gave birth in a NSW public hospital in...

Australia's mothers and babies 2014 - in brief

Presents key statistics and trends on pregnancy and childbirth of mothers, and the characteristics and outcomes of their babies.
Systematic review

To investigate the risks and benefits for infertile Australian families considering accessing cross-border surrogacy

Multiple models of surrogacy exist internationally, each contributing different protections to surrogacy arrangements. Commercial surrogacy arrangements can be successfully managed without necessarily resulting in exploitation of, or harm to the involved parties. It is possible for Australians to engage in Cross Border Surrogacy (CBS) in...

Australia's mothers and babies 2013

The rate of women aged between 15-44 years giving birth is higher than a decade ago, according to this report. Summary - Mothers at a glance Women are giving birth later in life The average age of all women who gave birth was 30.1 years...

World fertility patterns 2015

Fertility patterns in the world have changed dramatically over the last few decades. Global fertility has reached unprecedented low levels, yet stark differences persist in childbearing patterns across countries and regions. The population and development implications of these diverse fertility patterns are directly relevant for...

Evaluation of the maternity quality and safety programme

This report presents findings on the impact of maternity quality and safety programmes in New Zealand.

Screening for domestic violence during pregnancy: options for future reporting in the National Perinatal Data Collection

This report discusses barriers to, and opportunities for, the collection of data on screening for domestic violence during pregnancy. Summary Domestic violence (DV), defined in this paper as 'acts of violence that occur between people who have, or have had, an intimate relationship,' is a...

Maternal deaths in Australia 2008–2012

This is the 16th report on women in Australia who die in association with pregnancy and childbirth. Authored by AIHW, Humphrey MD, Bonello MR, Chughtai A, Macaldowie A, Harris K and Chambers GM. Summary Maternal deaths in Australia 2008-2012 provides a summary of statistics on...

Report on maternity, 2012

A focus on women who gave birth, and the babies who were born, in New Zealand in 2012. Summary In 2012, 62,321 women were recorded as giving birth. This equates to a birth rate (the proportion of females aged 15–44 years in the population) of...

Australia's mothers and babies 2012

Summary: Australia's mothers and babies 2012 is the twenty-second annual report on pregnancy and childbirth in Australia. In 2012, a total of 307,474 women gave birth to 312,153 babies. This is a 3.4% increase in the total number of births compared with that for 2011...

Health indicators for remote service delivery communities

Provides information on antenatal care, live births, low birthweight babies, hospitalisations (all and selected causes), disability, mortality, child protection, juvenile justice, alcohol and other drug use and aged care for 29 remote Indigenous communities. Summary The National Partnership Agreement on Remote Service Delivery (NPA RSD)...

New Zealand maternity clinical indicators 2012

The New Zealand Maternity Clinical Indicators are the result of collaboration between the Ministry of Health and maternity stakeholders representing consumer, midwifery, obstetric, general practice, paediatric, and anaesthetic perspectives. In 2011 an expert working group established a set of 12 maternity clinical indicators that could...

Nomenclature for models of maternity care: a consultation report

This report presents the findings of consultation on a proposed system for classifying models of maternity care in Australia. It is one of several components of the National Maternity Data Development Project and is a companion report to the publication, Foundations for enhanced maternity data...

Committing to child survival: a promise renewed – progress report 2014

This report discusses global trends in under-five and neonatal mortality since 1990, and also analyses key interventions for mothers and their newborns, highlighting a gap between contact with the health system and the quality of care received. Overview Committing to Child Survival: A Promise Renewed...

Stillbirths in Australia 1991-2009

This is the first national report on the epidemiology of stillbirth in Australia. Summary Australia is considered to be one of the safest countries in which to give birth. Viewed against comparable statistics worldwide, the rate of stillbirth in Australia is among the lowest in...

Birthweight of babies born to Indigenous mothers

This paper provides an overview of the birthweight of babies born to Indigenous mothers, including recent trends and information on factors associated with birthweight variation. Summary Almost 4% of all babies born in 2011 were to Indigenous mothers In 2011, a total of 11,729 Indigenous...