The 2021 Intergenerational Report projects an outlook for the economy and the Australian government’s budget over the next 40 years. It examines the long-term sustainability of current policies and how demographic, technological and other structural trends may affect the economy and the budget.
Relationships between metropolitan, satellite and regional city size, spatial context and economic productivity
This report considers evidence about the existence and scale of agglomeration economies, including in Australian cities. It examines whether city size affects productivity, and whether economic productivity, city size and rising housing costs are interdependent.
This paper outlines trends in labour force participation rates over recent decades that can be explained by a model with identified age and cohort effects, and a limited number of other covariates. This paper represents a first attempt at using this type of empirical life-cycle...
Australian cities are experiencing rapid and profound change. This paper seeks to summarise some of the main social dimensions of that change by focusing on some of the major changes occurring in the population of metropolitan Australia.
This publication provides a multi-perspective and historical overview of the Victorian economy. It is largely based on the most recent release of economic data published by the Australian Bureau of Statistics, covering the 2018/19 financial year.
This paper argues that with rapid population growth, Australia’s infrastructure backlog can only increase. There can never be enough decentralisation, planning or investment to enable infrastructure to keep pace with increasing demands.
The aim of this review study is to assess the prospects for a formal decentralisation program for Victoria – based upon achieving planned new cities and disbursed growth to these new purpose-built regional cities.
This study examines the changing geography of homelessness. It outlines the extent to which homelessness has become more spatially concentrated over time; where it has risen and fallen; and the importance that housing affordability, poverty and labour market opportunities play in reshaping its distribution.
Return migration is often overlooked by traditional analyses of internal migration. Why people return has received even less scrutiny. Relatively few migrants make a return move, so there is clearly something noteworthy about these people and their circumstances that trigger such a move. This paper...
This paper provides a brief guide to many of the population projections prepared for Australia in recent years. It gives an overview of projection methods and selected results, a brief commentary on key aspects of the projections, and shows readers where to find more data...