Religious discrimination



Defining and identifying hate motives: bias indicators for the Australian context

This report presents bias indicators for the Australian context and discusses their concept, uses, benefits and risks. The bias indicators presented are the result of extensive consultations with local experts, including academics and practitioners working in law enforcement agencies, government and non-government organisations and community...

Combatting online Islamophobia and racism in Australia: the case for an eSafety duty of care

This report, commissioned by the Islamic Council of Victoria, argues that the failure of social media platforms to improve their demonstrably ineffectual systems for the review of hateful material, coupled with the grave harms of online Islamophobia, necessitates government intervention.

Review of the Equal Opportunity Act 1984 (WA): project 111 final report

The Equal Opportunity Act 1984 (WA) seeks to ensure that the attitudes and actions of people, organisations and government in key areas of public life support and encourage a fair, functioning, stable Western Australian society. This report makes 163 recommendations in regard to Western Australia’s...

Islamophobia in the digital age: a study of anti-Muslim tweets

Relying on intensive community consultation, as well as independent research, this report provides a series of recommendations for Twitter and policy-makers, aimed at ensuring that users are adequately protected against anti-Muslim content on social media.

The Inclusive Australia Social Inclusion Index: 2022 report

The Inclusive Australia Social Inclusion Index provides evidence that can help track progress and evaluate initiatives to improve social inclusion broadly in Australia. This document reports on the first six waves of data collection. The first wave was collected in May 2017, and the most...
Fact sheet

Fact Check: Tanya Plibersek says a Muslim woman on a train in Sydney has no protection under the law if someone yells at her for wearing a hijab. Is that correct?

Tanya Plibersek says a Muslim woman travelling on a train in Sydney has no protection under law if someone yells at her. Verdict: Ms Plibersek's claim is overreach.

Islamophobia in Australia - III (2018-2019)

The third 'Islamophobia in Australia' report has been sourced from Australia-based Islamophobic incidents reported to the Islamophobia Register Australia (IRA) by victims, proxies and witnesses during 2018 and 2019.

Religiosity in Australia - Part 2: religious minds, religious collectives

This publication provides an interesting analysis of what ‘religion’ and ‘spirituality’ actually mean, and how they are different, what constitutes their appeal, and how religionists experience their faith.

Sharing the stories of Australian Muslims report 2021

This research project sought to learn about Australian Muslims’ concerns, priorities and experiences of hate, violence and negative public commentary in the wake of the tragic Christchurch mosque attack. The project also sought to give Australian Muslims an opportunity to share their stories of successful...

The Inclusive Australia Social Inclusion Index: 2021 report

Social inclusion in Australia has proven remarkably resilient during the COVID-19 pandemic. Australians were surveyed after the height of the pandemic in December 2020, confirming that disasters do bring people closer together.
Policy report

Respect and division: how Australians view religion

In order to determine the attitudes of Australians towards religion, the Centre for Independent Studies commissioned YouGov Galaxy to poll more than 1000 Australians. The results outlined in this report reveal that Australians are viewing religion as mostly an individual right to belief, but are...

The Inclusive Australia Social Inclusion Index: 2019 report

The Inclusive Australia Social Inclusion Index provides a unique overview of social inclusion in Australia by covering a wider array of social inclusion issues in one index.

Islamophobia in Australia - II (2016-2017)

This report offers a multi-faceted analysis of verified incidents reported to the Islamophobia Register Australia by victims, proxies and witnesses in the two-year period of 2016-2017. The authors call on policy makers and researchers to use the findings for their respective areas.
Policy report

Toxic mutation of an ancient hatred: left-wing antisemitism

Antisemitism — the hatred of Jews — has long been a part of human history, and has appeared in different forms, with different motivations and varying intensities.
Fact sheet

Fact Check: Do Australians lack protection against religious discrimination?

Liberal MP Trent Zimmerman claims there is no law that prevents people from being discriminated against on the grounds of their religious beliefs, and says there is a "missing link" in Australia's legal regime.

Guide to the protections for freedom of religion

There are a number of protections for freedom of religion in Australian law. This guide outlines the options available for people who wish to make a complaint.

Sharp rise in the share of Americans saying Jews face discrimination

This research reports on a survey of public perceptions of racial, ethnic and religious discrimination in the United States. The survey finds majorities continue to say there is a lot or some discrimination against some groups.

Identifying employment barriers for tertiary-educated Muslim Australian women

Women’s Health West and the University of Melbourne reviewed the current research regarding employment barriers for Muslim women and consulted with community women to learn more about their experiences as jobseekers. During these consultations, women described common barriers, including racial, religious and gender discrimination in...

Religious Freedom Review: report of the expert panel

In late 2017, an expert panel was established to examine whether Australian law adequately protects the human right to freedom of religion. This report was delivered to the Australian government in May 2018 and has now finally been released.

Legislative exemptions that allow faith-based educational institutions to discriminate against students, teachers and staff

The recent public debate on the matters being considered in this inquiry has been prompted, in the most immediate sense, by the disclosure of certain recommendations in a review on religious freedom commissioned by the federal government.

A report into religious liberty in Australia

This report, submitted to the Religious Freedom Review Expert Panel, aims to explain the fundamental principles underlying the concept of religious liberty, and to explain how the current methods and other proposals to protect this liberty are deficient or fail to achieve their goals.

Islamophobia in Australia 2014-2016

This report captures and critically analyses data collected by the Islamophobia Register of Australia reflecting Australian Muslims' lived Islamophobic experiences.

How ethnic and racial harassment damages mental health

A recent vicious attack on a 17-year-old asylum seeker in Croydon has drawn widespread condemnation and is being investigated as a hate crime. It follows a spike in hate crimes following the Brexit vote in June 2016 which brought the issue of ethnic and racial...

Islamophobia, social distance and fear of terrorism in Australia: a preliminary report

Muslims in Australia are an ethnically and culturally diverse group. Muslims are currently the third largest religious group in Australia and their numbers are predicted to grow significantly in the coming decades. Previous research has shown that, even though Australian Muslims tend to be well...

Freedom from discrimination: report on the 40th anniversary of the Racial Discrimination Act

Forty years ago, the Commonwealth Parliament enacted the first federal human rights and discrimination legislation. This report documents the activities and findings of this year’s anniversary activities.