Report

Stop the war on children

This report explores children at risk of recruitment and use by armed forces or armed groups.
Policy report

Afghanistan after the US withdrawal: how will its Indian neighbour respond?

In this paper, the author answers the questions what are India's strategic objectives now that the US has withdrawn from Afghanistan? And what options could it pursue in the future now that the Taliban is again on the march?
Report

Contemporary social movements in Iraq: mapping the labor movement and the 2015 mobilizations

This study shows that the emergence of trade union organizations and social movement organizations in the post-war era played an important role in shaping Iraq’s current political, social, and economic landscape beyond the meta-narratives of war and sectarianism.
Discussion paper

National mobilisation during war: past insights, future possibilities

Wars often arrive unexpectedly, and their nature and scope are rarely understood before they start. This paper aims to provide a structured way of thinking about mobilisation policymaking and planning that takes this inherent uncertainty into account.
Fact sheet

Fact Check: Who has a say in sending Australian troops to war?

Foreign Minister Julie Bishop claims the government of the day has the ultimate responsibility for making decisions involving Australia's military.
Report

Millennials on war

In a world facing new and shifting sources of conflict, including disinformation and polarizing rhetoric around conflict, this ICRC survey explores the attitudes of over than 16,000 millennials in 16 countries and territories - roughly half in peace, and half experiencing conflict.
Working paper

Disaster risk reduction in conflict contexts: the state of the evidence

The Overseas Development Institute (ODI) interrogated disaster risk reduction financing, policy and programming to understand the role of conflict, fragility and violence in disaster risk. The review of over 50 years of research shows how conflicts are deeply embedded in societies and can exacerbate vulnerability...
Report

Innovative global governance for Internally Displaced Persons

This paper argues that since the 2016 World Humanitarian Summit, it is increasingly recognized that addressing internal displacement requires close collaboration between humanitarian and development actors, and, depending on the circumstances, between disaster risk reduction (DRR) and peace-building actors.
Briefing paper

No hands on deck: US and Australian progress in autonomous warfare at sea

This paper argues that as competition with China intensifies, future unmanned warfare can address key strategic and anti-access challenges for the United States, Australia and like-minded partners in the Indo-Pacific.
Report

India and Pakistan: Pulwama and the continuation of war by other means

This paper argues that any war between India and Pakistan would be very detrimental to both countries.
Working paper

Prototype warfare, innovation and the fourth industrial age

The fourth industrial revolution involves the continuous and cyclical flow of information and actions between the physical and digital worlds. This revolution can potentially create a hyper-connected defence-industry-research-academia ecosystem able to continually innovate.
Briefing paper

Finishing strong: seeking a proper exit from Afghanistan

This paper argues that the United States should pursue an exit strategy that is based on realistic timelines, supports a viable peace process that achieves a legitimate, representative Afghan government, seeks to protect the political and social gains made over almost 20 years, and provides...
Discussion paper

Paying for war: how to afford a future of strategic competition

This Centre of Gravity discussion paper examines military expenses funding, arguing for direct war taxes and conscription or systems of national service.
Report

‘Out of the shadows’: war-affected women with disabilities in Sri Lanka - final report

This report, drawing upon disability-inclusive methodologies of co-creation, development and engagement, maps the lived experiences of women with disabilities living within the war-affected areas of Sri Lanka.
Discussion paper

The debate papers: should Australia withdraw its military forces from the Middle East?

Rodger Shanahan and John Blaxland argue about whether Australia should maintain military operations in the Arabian Peninsula or focus on threats closer to home.
Discussion paper

The raids across the Malacca and Singapore Straits during Confrontation 1963-66

The study draws on a number of computerised databases to chart the ebb and flow of the maritime campaign in the Indonesia-Malaysia Confrontation from 1963 to 1966 through the quantitative analysis of Operations Research.
Report

"I won't forget this carnage" Civilians trapped in battle for Raqqa, Syria

This report documents how hundreds of civilians have been killed and injured since an offensive began in June (2017) to recapture Raqqa, the 'capital' and main stronghold of the armed group, Islamic State (IS).
Report

At any cost: the civilian catastrophe in West Mosul, Iraq

In the battle against Islamic State in west Mosul, Iraqi and US-led coalition forces failed to take adequate measures to protect civilians.
Report

The battle for hegemony in the Middle East

Australia and other Western countries have to come to terms with their limited role in shaping the outcomes of the battle for hegemony in the Arab Middle East.
Discussion paper

After Mosul: a grueling start down a very long road

Building on his in depth reporting in Mosul in late 2016 and early 2017, Matt Brown explores the fight for this vital city in Iraq and the challenges that face the Iraqi Army, Iraqi people, their government and the wider coalition forces, including Australia, who...