War

Report

The geopolitical implications of Russia’s invasion of Ukraine

The policy background to this assessment is that Russia’s outright invasion of Ukraine is an extremely dangerous moment for global security because Europe’s security order is now being fundamentally challenged with the real risk of escalation into a major war involving Russia and the United...
Report

Lowy Institute poll 2022

This annual poll reveals that in 2022, Australians report feeling unsafe, and as the potential for conflict in our region feels more possible. Support for Australia’s alliance with the United States has returned to a record high, with the majority of Australians now supporting increased...
Briefing paper

Russia’s ill-fated invasion of Ukraine: lessons in modern warfare

This analysis examines lessons from Russian air, ground, cyber and other domains following Moscow’s February 2022 invasion of Ukraine. It asks: What are some of the most important military lessons from the first three months of the war? What do these lessons suggest about the...
Report

International investment implications of Russia’s war against Ukraine

The Russian Federation’s war against Ukraine is primarily a human tragedy. It also has manifold implications for global policy-making. This report seeks to inform the international investment policy community hosted at the OECD about: the main implications for investment policy; measures, impacts and trends that...
Report

Russia’s war in Ukraine: identity, history, and conflict

This paper explains the erroneous assumptions that the Kremlin made about Ukrainian identity that informed its decision-making and laid the foundations for its war against Ukraine.
Report

Stop the war on children

This report explores children at risk of recruitment and use by armed forces or armed groups.
Policy report

Afghanistan after the US withdrawal: how will its Indian neighbour respond?

In this paper, the author answers the questions what are India's strategic objectives now that the US has withdrawn from Afghanistan? And what options could it pursue in the future now that the Taliban is again on the march?
Report

Contemporary social movements in Iraq: mapping the labor movement and the 2015 mobilizations

This study shows that the emergence of trade union organizations and social movement organizations in the post-war era played an important role in shaping Iraq’s current political, social, and economic landscape beyond the meta-narratives of war and sectarianism.
Discussion paper

National mobilisation during war: past insights, future possibilities

Wars often arrive unexpectedly, and their nature and scope are rarely understood before they start. This paper aims to provide a structured way of thinking about mobilisation policymaking and planning that takes this inherent uncertainty into account.
Report

Millennials on war

In a world facing new and shifting sources of conflict, including disinformation and polarizing rhetoric around conflict, this ICRC survey explores the attitudes of over than 16,000 millennials in 16 countries and territories - roughly half in peace, and half experiencing conflict.
Working paper

Disaster risk reduction in conflict contexts: the state of the evidence

The Overseas Development Institute (ODI) interrogated disaster risk reduction financing, policy and programming to understand the role of conflict, fragility and violence in disaster risk. The review of over 50 years of research shows how conflicts are deeply embedded in societies and can exacerbate vulnerability...
Report

Innovative global governance for Internally Displaced Persons

This paper argues that since the 2016 World Humanitarian Summit, it is increasingly recognized that addressing internal displacement requires close collaboration between humanitarian and development actors, and, depending on the circumstances, between disaster risk reduction (DRR) and peace-building actors.
Briefing paper

No hands on deck: US and Australian progress in autonomous warfare at sea

This paper argues that as competition with China intensifies, future unmanned warfare can address key strategic and anti-access challenges for the United States, Australia and like-minded partners in the Indo-Pacific.
Report

India and Pakistan: Pulwama and the continuation of war by other means

This paper argues that any war between India and Pakistan would be very detrimental to both countries.
Briefing paper

Finishing strong: seeking a proper exit from Afghanistan

This paper argues that the United States should pursue an exit strategy that is based on realistic timelines, supports a viable peace process that achieves a legitimate, representative Afghan government, seeks to protect the political and social gains made over almost 20 years, and provides...
Working paper

Prototype warfare, innovation and the fourth industrial age

The fourth industrial revolution involves the continuous and cyclical flow of information and actions between the physical and digital worlds. This revolution can potentially create a hyper-connected defence-industry-research-academia ecosystem able to continually innovate.
Discussion paper

Paying for war: how to afford a future of strategic competition

This Centre of Gravity discussion paper examines military expenses funding, arguing for direct war taxes and conscription or systems of national service.
Report

‘Out of the shadows’: war-affected women with disabilities in Sri Lanka - final report

This report, drawing upon disability-inclusive methodologies of co-creation, development and engagement, maps the lived experiences of women with disabilities living within the war-affected areas of Sri Lanka.
Discussion paper

The debate papers: should Australia withdraw its military forces from the Middle East?

Rodger Shanahan and John Blaxland argue about whether Australia should maintain military operations in the Arabian Peninsula or focus on threats closer to home.
Report

"I won't forget this carnage" Civilians trapped in battle for Raqqa, Syria

This report documents how hundreds of civilians have been killed and injured since an offensive began in June (2017) to recapture Raqqa, the 'capital' and main stronghold of the armed group, Islamic State (IS).