Socioeconomic status


Generation next: unleashing youth aspiration and upward mobility

Growing concerns have been expressed in media commentary and policy circles about the economic fortunes of young Australians. This paper argues that institutions that facilitate the availability of greater and meaningful economic choice would empower young Australians in discovering their own, preferred pathways for upward...
Briefing paper

The distribution of advantage in Aotearoa New Zealand: exploring the evidence

This paper is an overview of the evidence of distribution, inequality and mobility in New Zealand, including the characteristics and clustering of multiple disadvantage.

Decoding the gap: Australia’s ongoing struggle to address Indigenous health outcomes

Since its first incarnation in 2008, the Closing Gap framework has been focused on health. This paper triangulates the historical and scientific sub-strata behind Indigenous Australia’s health gaps in an effort to better decode the real reasons behind them.
Working paper

Occupational mobility in the ALife data: how reliable are occupational patterns from administrative Australian tax records?

The purpose of this paper is to compare the distribution of occupation and rates of occupational mobility in the ATO Longitudinal Information Files (ALife) and the Household Income and Labour Dynamics in Australia (HILDA) datasets.

A fairer tax and welfare system for Australia

This research paper was commissioned by the St Vincent de Paul Society National Council of Australia Inc. as an initiative to help address the growing gap between ‘the haves’ and ‘the have nots’ in Australia. The paper proposes three simple policy proposals designed to improve...
Briefing paper

Socio-economic background and the incidence of partner violence: evidence from HILDA

Using 14 waves from the Household, Income and Labour Dynamics of Australia (HILDA) longitudinal survey, the authors of this paper report extensive analysis of the financial consequences of (apparent) partner violence (PV) for Australian women.

Precarious housing and wellbeing: a multi-dimensional investigation

This research examines how the bi-directional relationship between housing precariousness and wellbeing varies across population subgroups and over time; sheds light on the dimensions of housing precariousness that affect wellbeing, and vice versa; and considers how policy interventions to effectively minimise negative impacts of precarious...

Australia’s Health Tracker by socioeconomic status 2021

This report card looks at the health of adult Australians by socioeconomic status in relation to preventable chronic diseases, the major risk factors for chronic diseases and premature deaths from those diseases and suicide.
Fact sheet

Cancer incidence and socioeconomic status: a brief summary

Socioeconomic status is a strong predictor of many health outcomes. However, with cancer it is a far more complicated picture.

Does the quality of residential aged care vary with residents’ financial means?

This research, prepared by the the Office of the Royal Commission into Aged Care Quality and Safety, investigates whether the quality of aged care facilities varies with residents’ financial means.
Working paper

Migration as opportunity: innovation, policies and practice

This working paper reviews existing practice and proposes a typology to identify the different types of programmatic and policy intervention that can maximise migration’s socioeconomic benefits – described here as ‘productive migration’ interventions.
Working paper

Economic dignity and financial capabilities: connecting principles and concepts

Australians are living in increasingly financialised times. Their financial choices are often constrained by their economic, social and political context. This paper develops the concept of economic dignity as a guiding principle to develop a fuller understanding of financial capability that recognises those contexts.

Economic security and dignity: a financial wellbeing framework

This paper proposes a financial wellbeing framework that recognises the drivers, impacts and experience of economic insecurity, and is based on the concept of economic dignity.
Journal article

Closing the (incarceration) gap: assessing the socio-economic and clinical indicators of Indigenous males by lifetime incarceration status

This article investigates the presence and extent of an ‘incarceration gap’ with Indigenous Australian males, and to uncover which social factors characterise the disparity.
Working paper

The socioeconomics of pandemics policy

In response to the COVID-19 pandemic, governments around the world have provided a massive fiscal and monetary stimulus. While this policy is welcome in the short run, the author of this paper argues that it does not address the underlying problem in the medium and...

25 years of LSAY: research from the Longitudinal Surveys of Australian Youth

This publication presents research highlights from the past 25 years of the LSAY program, with a focus on schooling, VET in schools programs, the influences of socioeconomic status and demographics on later opportunities, and pathways taken from school into further education and the workforce.
Conference paper

Why do home-owners do better?

Focussing on indicators of physical and mental health, life satisfaction and, for youth, educational attainment, this paper employs a range of strategies to test competing hypotheses relating to causal mechanisms and selection effects associated with home-ownership.
Fact sheet

Fact Check: Barnaby Joyce says the Nationals represent Australia's poorest electorates. Is he correct?

Former deputy prime minister Barnaby Joyce claims that the Greens — followed by the Liberals, then Labor — represent Australia's richest people, while the Nationals look after the poorest.

Beyond graduation: long-term socioeconomic outcomes amongst equity students

This report aims to address the trajectories of post-graduation outcomes of students from different equity groups, and to offer new policy insights for Australia.

Hospitalised injury and socioeconomic influence in Australia 2015–16

This report examined the associations between socioeconomic status and injury morbidity in Australia and looked at the effects of SES on hospitalised injury cases by age, sex, Indigenous status, and by a selection of external causes of injury.

Working through it: a Youth Survey report on economically disadvantaged young people

This report considers the similarities and differences between two groups of young people who took part in the Mission Australia Youth Survey 2018: those who reported that neither parent or guardian was currently in paid employment, compared with those who identified that at least one...

Review of the socio-economic status score methodology: final report

This report examines how socio-economic status (SES) scores are calculated for non-government schools, which informs the base level of taxpayer funding they receive. The report recommends technical changes to one element of the formula used to distribute funding for non-government schools and systems, based on...
Working paper

Expansion and differentiation in higher education: the historical trajectories of the UK, the USA and France

This paper casts a historical lens on the development of higher education and its wider socio-economic context during the last century in the UK, the USA and France.
Briefing paper

Equity student participation in Australian higher education: 2011 to 2016

Equity Student Participation in Australian Higher Education examines trends in higher education undergraduate enrolments in Australia between 2011 and 2016. This six-year period has been a time of marked change in Australian higher education, with the demand-driven system (DDS) increasing overall student numbers, while programs...

Australia’s Health Tracker by socio-economic status 2017

This report card looks at the health of adult Australians by socio-economic status in relation to chronic diseases, risk factors and rates of death.