Child abuse


How to implement online warnings to prevent the use of child sexual abuse material

Online child sexual abuse material (CSAM) offending is a challenge for law enforcement, policy-makers and child welfare organisations alike. To address this, the authors of this report use a case study to analyse the actions individuals and organisations within the technology, government, non-government and private...

Advancing child sexual abuse investigations using biometrics and social network analysis

Other authors
Stephen Patterson, David Bright, Arun Ross, Katie Logos, Dana Michalski
This paper demonstrates how biometric features can be extracted from people in child sexual abuse material (CSAM) and examines using social network analysis to reveal important patterns across seized media files.

Menu of evidence: children and family services

The Menu of Evidence (the Menu) is an online portal and searchable repository of the best available evidence on what works for improving outcomes for children, young people, families, and carers.

Child sexual abuse material and end-to-end encryption on social media platforms: an overview

This paper reviews open-source materials, including electronic service provider (ESP) transparency reports, to provide an overview of the contemporary problem of child sexual abuse material offending on ESP platforms.

Adverse childhood experiences and trauma among young people in the youth justice system

This report examines the prevalence of adverse childhood experiences in a representative sample of young people under youth justice supervision in South Australia.

Second interim report of the Joint Select Committee on implementation of the National Redress Scheme, November 2021

Since its establishment in 2018, the National Redress Scheme has made both a symbolic and practical contribution to the pursuit of justice by survivors of institutional child sexual abuse. The focus of this second interim report is to identify reforms that will have the greatest...

Māori involvement in State care 1950–1999

This research uses data from several locations and agencies about Māori who were abused in State care between 1950 and 1999.

A guide for children and young people to the National strategy to prevent and respond to child sexual abuse (2021-2030) and its action plans

This guide is intended to help children and young people understand child sexual abuse, how and where to get help, and how the national strategy is improving Australia’s response to child sexual abuse. It is recommended for children aged 9 years and up.

First Commonwealth action plan to prevent and respond to child sexual abuse 2021–2024

This strategy document works alongside the First National Action Plan, and includes measures the Australian government will largely deliver on its own. The focus will be on Australian government priorities and responsibilities, such as preventing and responding to online child sexual abuse.

National strategy to prevent and respond to child sexual abuse 2021–2030

This strategy is the first of its kind in Australia, and provides a nationally coordinated, strategic framework for preventing and responding to child sexual abuse. It seeks to reduce the risk, extent and impact of child sexual abuse and related harms in Australia.

Oranga tamariki urgent inquiry

This document presents the findings of the Oranga Tamariki Urgent Inquiry. It acknowledges that tamariki (children) Māori were suffering or likely to suffer significant and irreversible prejudice as a result of the current or pending actions of Oranga Tamariki, for which there was no alternative...
Literature review

Experiences of the family violence system in Aotearoa: an overview of research 2010 – early 2020

This document provides an overview of what is currently known about people’s and service providers’ experiences of the family violence system in Aotearoa New Zealand.

Child sexual abuse material on the darknet: a script analysis of how offenders operate

Using data obtained from interviews with online investigators, this study uses crime script analysis to reconstruct step-by-step how offenders operate on the darknet.

Effective delivery methods and teaching strategies for child sexual abuse prevention: a rapid evidence check

This rapid evidence check presents the current state of child sexual abuse (CSA) prevention programs, reviewing their utility and effectiveness for CSA prevention education for children. It includes recommendations about the design and delivery of programs for pre-schoolers and children in the early primary school...

Production and distribution of child sexual abuse material by parental figures

This report argues that there is a need for targeted research into the circumstances, patterns and dynamics of child sexual abuse material production perpetrated by parental figures, in order to inform strategies to prevent and detect offending parents.

Victorian government annual report 2020: Royal Commission into Institutional Responses to Child Sexual Abuse

This is the Victorian government’s third annual report on implementation of the Royal Commission’s recommendations.

Implementation of recommendations from the final report of the Royal Commission into Institutional Responses to Child Sexual Abuse: annual progress report 2020

This is the Australian Government’s third annual progress report to show how they have implemented the recommendations from the Royal Commission into Institutional Responses to Child Sexual Abuse.

Abuse in care: Royal Commission of Inquiry into Abuse in Care - interim report

The Royal Commission of Inquiry into Abuse in Care interim report – Tāwharautia: Pūrongo o te Wā (Tāwharautia) describes the key themes and common issues from the experiences shared by survivors and witnesses.

Te Kuku O Te Manawa: Moe ararā! Haumanutia ngā moemoeā a ngā tūpuna mō te oranga o ngā tamariki

For this report, the authors examined the experiences and outcomes of pēpi (young children) in the statutory care and protection system; and conducted an environmental scan of relevant rangahau and mātauranga Māori to provide a te ao Māori perspective on this issue.

Economic cost of abuse in care: final report

This study aims to provide a high-level estimate of the cost of abuse in care over the inquiry period. In researching how this might be done, the study identifies the range of impacts associated with the abuse of young people and vulnerable adults, how they...

Te Kuku O Te Manawa: Ka puta te riri, ka momori te ngākau, ka heke ngā roimata mo tōku pēpi

The intention of this review is to identify areas for change and recommendations to enable pēpi Māori to remain in the care of their whānau where Reports of Concern have been made to Oranga Tamariki.
Research Summary

What risk factors are associated with being placed in out-of-home care?

This Evidence to Action Note presents summary results from two state-wide surveys conducted in 2018 by the NSW Department of Communities and Justice (DCJ) (formerly Family and Community Services or FACS).

Report of case study no. 28: Catholic Church authorities in Ballarat

At the time of the public hearing some clergy and religious who were considered in the case study were the subject of criminal investigations or charges. Where the Royal Commission considered it appropriate to do so, those individuals were given a pseudonym so as not...

Report of case study no. 35: Catholic Archdiocese of Melbourne

The data in relation to the Archdiocese was presented in the form of a data analysis report prepared by the Royal Commission from the data produced by the Catholic Church authorities. The report was tendered in the public hearing and aspects of the report are...