Pre-sentence reports for Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people: an analysis of language and sentiment
Pre-sentence reports (PSRs) provide information to courts on an individual’s background, circumstances, risks, needs and plans. This study describes the language and sentiment in these reports. The authors studied PSRs written for Aboriginal and/or Torres Strait Islander people sentenced by the mainstream County Court of...
Keeping people safe from domestic and family violence
This audit examines how effectively state public sector entities keep people safe from domestic and family violence (DFV), prevent it from occurring, and rehabilitate perpetrators to minimise re-offending. The audit also assesses how these entities coordinate with non-government DFV services.
Criminal justice mobile applications: a literature and scoping review
The focus of this review is on those technologies that support behaviour change among individuals involved in the criminal justice system and, in particular, on those technologies that aim to contribute towards the goal of reducing reoffending.
Can family and friends improve probation and parole outcomes? A quantitative evaluation of Triple-S: Social Supports in Supervision
This report details the results of a quantitative evaluation of a new model of probation and parole called 'Triple-S: Social Supports in Supervision'.
Exploring the role of opportunity in recidivist child sexual offending
The aim of this study is to improve understanding of the role of opportunity in the offences against children perpetrated by alleged offenders who have already had contact with the criminal justice system.
Reforming adjourned undertakings in Victoria: consultation paper
The purpose of this consultation paper is to consider potential options for increasing and improving the use of adjourned undertakings in Victoria.
The impact of the NSW Youth Koori Court on sentencing and re-offending outcomes
The aim of this research was investigate the impact of the NSW Youth Koori Court (YKC) on youth justice outcomes, including the probability of being sentenced to a juvenile control order (JCO) and recidivism.
Sentencing breaches of Personal Safety Intervention Orders in Victoria
This report analyses data on personal safety intervention orders (PSIOs) in Victoria from 2011 to 2020. It aims to assist the Victorian Law Reform Commission with its inquiry on responses to stalking.
Youth Justice Indicators summary report: December 2021
Focusing on the 2020/2021 time period, this report has been prepared to help those involved in youth justice understand system-wide trends and issues.
Australia's prison dilemma: research paper
Australia is putting more people in prison, despite a fall in the number of criminal offenders. This paper looks at what is driving these trends, the costs on society and whether there are alternatives to prison that still keep the community safe, but at a...
Organised crime and criminal careers: findings from an Australian sample
This study analyses the recorded criminal histories of a sample of individuals affiliated with known organised crime groups.
Patterns and predictors of reoffending among child sexual offenders: a rapid evidence assessment
This report presents a rapid evidence assessment which provides an updated review of reoffending research on child sexual offenders from January 2010 to March 2020. Thirty-three studies examining 55 independent samples of adult and juvenile child sexual offenders were reviewed.
Significance of culture to wellbeing, healing and rehabilitation
The purpose of this report is to collate research regarding the significance of culture to Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people and the significant benefits of connecting to culture, family and community as part of culturally appropriate treatment and care to promote wellbeing, rehabilitation and...
Reoffending among child sexual offenders
This study examines reoffending among 1,092 male offenders proceeded against for a child sexual offence in New South Wales between 2004 and 2013.
Serious offending by people serving a Community Correction Order: 2019–20
This report analyses the number of people sentenced in 2019–20 for committing a serious offence while serving a community correction order (CCO). Also available is a complete list of serious offences current between 16 January 2012 and 30 June 2020.
Partners in crime: the relationship between disadvantage and Australia’s criminal justice systems
This report explores the relationship between disadvantage and Australia’s criminal justice systems. The report draws on findings from a range of consultations with experts from across the sector including academics, service providers, practitioners, government and community actors from multiple jurisdictions, through individual consultations, roundtable discussions...
Enhancing evidence-based treatment of child sexual abuse material offenders: the development of the CEM-COPE Program
This paper describes the development of the CEM-COPE (Coping with Child Exploitation Material Use) Program.
What are the characteristics of effective youth offender programs?
This review consolidates research on the practical implementation of tertiary youth offender programs to identify the design, delivery and implementation factors associated with positive changes in youth offending behaviours.
The long-term effect of the NSW Drug Court on recidivism
Treating drug-related offenders is far more effective than sending them to prison, according to this research. The researchers compared re-offending rates among Drug Court participants with offenders who had been deemed eligible for the Drug Court but not placed on it. Offenders were followed up...
Young people returning to sentenced youth justice supervision 2018-19
This report presents data on returns to sentenced supervision using measures developed as part of a related Australian Institute of Health and Welfare (AIHW) project— 'Using the Juvenile Justice National Minimum Data Set' to measure juvenile recidivism.
Circle Sentencing, incarceration and recidivism
This study by the NSW Bureau of Crime Statistics and Research (BOCSAR) has found that Aboriginal people who participate in Circle Sentencing have lower rates of imprisonment and recidivism than Aboriginal people who are sentenced in the traditional way.
Crossover youth scoping study
'Crossover Children' are young people (14-17 years) who cross from state care and protection to serious and recidivist offending. The report reviews the research and statistics both past and present, both nationally and internationally related to this population.
Creating Futures: Weave’s intensive support service for young people leaving custody or involved in the criminal justice system
'Creating Futures' is an intensive support service for young people leaving custody or otherwise involved in the criminal justice system on bail, community orders or court diversion. Weave invited independent researchers to evaluate Creating Futures over a three-year period beginning in 2017. This report outlines...
The costs of Indigenous and non-Indigenous offender trajectories
The findings in this report emphasise the high cost of current criminal justice system responses to Indigenous and chronic offenders in particular and the need to consider innovative and more cost-effective approaches to reduce offending by individuals in these groups.
Community-based approaches to sexual offender reintegration
This research aims to contribute towards building an evidence base about community-based reintegration programs in order to inform the development and operation of community-based reintegration programs for sexual offenders, and thus to enhance community safety.