Crime by outlaw motorcycle gang members during club conflicts
This study examines the trends in and spatial distribution of recorded offending by Australian outlaw motorcycle gang (OMCG) affiliates at the onset of a territorial conflict between two clubs in the state of New South Wales.
Enablers of illicit drug trafficking by organised crime groups
This research highlights a number of key enablers of organised crime that may be targeted to disrupt illicit drug trafficking.
State-sponsored economic cyberespionage and the risk to nations’ prosperity
In this briefing note, the authors conclude that the threat of state-sponsored economic cyber-espionage is more significant than ever, with countries industrialising their cyber-espionage efforts to target commercial firms and universities on a grand scale.
External Review of the Queensland operations of The Star Entertainment Group Limited
Allegations of money laundering, criminal infiltration and other integrity issues have, over the last two and a half years, prompted several major public inquiries and regulator investigations into Australian casino operations. This report outlines the findings from an external review into the operation of The...
Hard choices in a ransomware attack
Falling victim to a ransomware attack is a shocking moment. This report puts the reader in the shoes of a victim, as they make difficult decisions in the ensuing days, and draws lessons for industry and policy-makers trying to grapple with this policy challenge.
The Dutch approach to outlaw motorcycle gangs
This paper provides a brief overview of the problem of outlaw motorcycle gangs in the Netherlands, and describes the different aspects of the Dutch whole-of-government approach.
Review of The Star Pty Ltd
The Bell Review was established to assess The Star’s suitability to hold a casino licence and to examine compliance with its legal obligations. The review was activated under sections 30 and 143 of the Casino Control Act 1992 and began in November 2021. The report...
Regulatory approaches to preventing organised crime among outlaw motorcycle gangs
This study explores the impact of a regulatory approach to organised crime in Queensland which restricted outlaw motorcycle gang (OMCG) members from working in certain industries.
Financial investigation for routine policing in Australia
Financial investigation is commonly used in policing serious and organised crime. It is less frequently used in routine policing. This paper explores the potential for financial investigation to be used for a wider range of policing purposes.
Estimating the costs of serious and organised crime in Australia, 2020–21
This report estimates the cost of serious and organised crime in Australia in 2020–21 to be between $24.8 billion and $60.1 billion. This is the third in a series of reports undertaken for the Australian Criminal Intelligence Commission estimating the cost of serious and organised...
The adequacy and efficacy of Australia’s anti-money laundering and counterterrorism financing (AML/CTF) regime
Evidence to this inquiry largely focused on the impact and/or the benefits of extending the existing AML/CTF regime to DNFBPs that are not already subject to regulation of this nature. As such, this report largely focuses on this issue, but also canvasses other aspects of...
Predicting high-harm offending using machine learning: an application to outlaw motorcycle gangs
The nature of offending by outlaw motorcycle gangs (OMCGs), and policing responses, requires a novel approach to risk assessment. This study uses machine learning methods to develop a risk assessment tool to predict recorded high-harm offending. Results are compared with those of a model predicting...
Help-seeking among Australian ransomware victims
Ransomware is malicious software (also known as malware) used to deny a person or organisation access to their IT systems and devices and/or to threaten the release of private data unless a ransom is paid. This study examines the help-seeking behaviour of 321 Australian ransomware...
Vaccine related fraud and security risks: final report
This inquiry was established to to identify and address any vulnerabilities that had or potentially could emerge, in relation to vaccine and vaccine related fraud and security, and provide the Australian public with confidence in the integrity of the COVID-19 vaccination program.
Drug trafficking in the Pacific Islands: the impact of transnational crime
The Pacific 'drug highway' has spilled over into domestic markets for illicit drug consumption and production in the Pacific Islands region. This analysis identifies the key trends and dynamics driving the drug market in the Pacific and the implications for societies, traditional power structures and...
Attrition of human trafficking and slavery cases through the Australian criminal justice system
The investigation and prosecution of human trafficking and slavery cases is challenging. The purpose of this study was twofold: to identify the points of attrition in the criminal justice process (defined as when a matter was referred to the police until the achievement of a...
Helping hands: understanding Vietnamese offenders in Victoria
The Vietnamese community is the largest refugee community in Australia. This report is the outcome of a pilot project on Vietnamese offenders conducted in Victoria in 2020–2021.
Royal Commission into the Casino Operator and Licence: report
This Royal Commission was established following the findings of the Bergin Inquiry. The Commission has found that Crown is unsuitable to hold a casino licence on the basis that it has engaged in conduct that is “illegal, dishonest, unethical and exploitative”.
Organised crime and criminal careers: findings from an Australian sample
This study analyses the recorded criminal histories of a sample of individuals affiliated with known organised crime groups.
Vaccine related fraud and security risks: interim report
The dynamic nature of an international pandemic such as COVID-19 carries inherent security risks for governments, businesses and individuals. Due to such concerns regarding potential future fraudulent behaviour relating to the COVID-19 vaccination status of individuals, which cannot be properly predicted at this point, the...
Early-career offending trajectories among outlaw motorcycle gang members
This study examines the criminal histories of outlaw motorcycle gang (OMCG) members during adolescence and early adulthood to determine whether the profile of young members has changed over time.
'High rollers': a study of criminal profits along Australia’s heroin and methamphetamine supply chains
This report uses existing quantitative and qualitative data to better understand the segmentation of Australia’s heroin and methamphetamine markets and the markets’ transnational connections. The authors also examine the profits made by criminal actors at each level of Australia’s vertically integrated illicit drug supply chains.
The organisational structure, social networks and criminal activities of outlaw motorcycle gangs: literature review
Outlaw motorcycle gangs (OMCGs) are often reported to be disproportionately involved in crime. This systematic review of the existing literature was conducted to examine the organisational structures that underpin the criminal activity of OMCGs
Criminal mobility of outlaw motorcycle gangs in Australia
The criminal mobility of outlaw motorcycle gang (OMCG) members presents a significant challenge to Australian governments and police. This study examines the prevalence and patterns of criminal mobility in a sample of almost 4,000 OMCG members in more than 400 chapters.
Report of the Inquiry under section 143 of the Casino Control Act 1992 (NSW)
The findings from this inquiry have cast real doubt upon Crown Resorts' suitability to hold a gaming licence in New South Wales. It remains to be seen how the Victorian and Western Australian governments will react, given that Crown currently operates casinos in both states.