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International law

NARROWER TERMS


Report

Low Earth Orbit, satellite constellations and regulation

With the cost of placing assets in space rapidly declining, and access to capital becoming easier as commercial uses of space are becoming normalised, new regulatory issues are emerging. This report identifies and evaluates the legal and regulatory arrangements and risks for these low Earth...
Briefing paper

Climate law and public policy innovation for the Sustainable Development Goals: accelerating pre-CoP27 Paris Agreement compliance

The science is clear. Human activities, particularly rising emissions levels due to fossil fuel combustion and other embedded high carbon intensity economic systems, are causing dangerous consequences. This paper argues that institutes of all kinds must play a critical role in scaling up contributions to...
Report

Multilateral trade arrangements and climate provisions

This paper evaluates climate provisions in trade architectures and makes recommendations for including climate provisions, including sectoral standards, in trade arrangements in a way that encourages increased multilateral collaboration in a WTO-compliant manner.
Report

Israel’s apartheid against Palestinians: cruel system of domination and crime against humanity

This work builds on decades of Amnesty International research collecting evidence of violations of international human rights and humanitarian law in Israel and the Occupied Palestinian Territory (OPT), and on publications by Palestinian, Israeli and international organisations.
Report

The challenges to China’s national rejuvenation – part one: the demographic and technological deficits

China’s aggressive and confrontational policies have seen many countries come together to counter its mercenary expansionism in terms of territory, trade and commerce, military capacity and political influence, writes Lindsay Hughes.
Briefing paper

Ending the race to the bottom: why the UK should seize the opportunity to support a global minimum corporation tax

Since taking office, US President Joe Biden has put forward a bold plan for international cooperation to stop tax avoidance by multinational companies. The UK has every reason to support the Biden Administration's plan for a global minimum corporation tax, this paper argues, and for...
Report

Protecting innocents in combat

This paper discusses the use of humans as shields - that is, the use of innocent civilians by terrorist groups and other actors, to shield military objects from attack. Using human shields is a war crime, but it is still pervasive and used with impunity...
Report

Together in safety: a report on the Australian government’s separation of families seeking safety

This report is a multi-disciplinary collaboration which highlights the Australian government’s intentional use of family separation against people who seek asylum. Calling on leading medical experts and international law specialists, this report shows that the Australian government’s tactic of separating families is not merely morally...
Briefing paper

Post-pandemic natural resource management in the Indo-Pacific

The two main threats to natural resource management caused by COVID-19 are the negative impact on ecosystems (and thereby resources) of increased human interaction with the environment, and the increased disregard for international environmental laws, norms and regulations, by both individuals and nations. This paper...
Report

Xi’s UN speech: when rhetoric did not meet reality

General Secretary Xi Jinping’s speech on the occasion of the seventy-fifth anniversary of the founding of the United Nations is a classic example of the Chinese Communist Party’s doublespeak. Almost every statement was hypocritical when examined in light of such CCP actions as the suppression...
Report

Security and prosperity in Asia: the role of international law

At a time of geopolitical uncertainty and with multilateralism under pressure, this conference brought together diverse actors to explore the evolving role of international law on critical security and economic issues in the Asia-Pacific.
Position paper

Building on the EU directive for whistleblower protection: analysis and recommendations

The EU has adopted a Directive on the “Protection of persons reporting on breaches of Union law” (Whistleblower Protection Directive). To support effective implementation of the Directive, Transparency International has prepared this analysis, which provides recommendations aimed at closing loopholes and strengthening whistleblower protection in...
Briefing paper

Using SDGs to leverage national intellectual property strategies

This policy brief deals with the relevance of the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) to the creation, use, protection and management of intellectual property (IP) in developed economies.
Report

Enduring colonization

This report presents an independent policy and law analysis of the situation faced by French Polynesia and its peoples, who remain under the effective administrative and political control of France.
Briefing paper

Can middle powers save the liberal world order?

Many middle powers have been warning of the dangers inherent in the decline of the liberal international order. The time has come for these countries to translate their warnings into concerted action, writes Roland Paris.
Report

Not all that glitters is gold: an analysis of the Global Pact for the Environment project

This paper discusses the extent to which codifying the fundamental principles of international environmental law (IEL) into a treaty could increase the problem-solving effectiveness of environmental governance.
Fact sheet

Fact Check: By sending asylum seekers to Nauru and Manus, is Australia guilty of crimes against humanity?

Independent MP Andrew Wilkie has condemned successive Australian governments for failing to meet their obligations under international law to asylum seekers and refugees who arrive by sea, and says the Government has committed crimes against humanity.
Commentary

Australian-Chinese author’s detention raises important questions about China’s motivations

The unexplained detention of author and diplomat, Yang Hengjun, has raised more questions about the motives of a Chinese government under stress from within and without.
Guide

International treaty making: guidance for government agencies on practice and procedures for concluding international treaties and arrangements

This booklet has been prepared by the Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Trade in the interests of improving government agencies’ understanding of New Zealand’s practice, with respect to international treaties and arrangements. It also provides guidance for government agencies on practice and procedures for concluding...
Audio

The Pacific Ocean: the unsleeping eye of the earth

The United States and many other Western powers, including Australia, are starting to get concerned about the growing influence of the Chinese in the Pacific region.