The scope of local government in New Zealand and its sources of revenue (mainly property taxes) are much more constrained than in most other high-income countries. This paper compares New Zealand with other high-income countries in the distribution of functions across central and local government...
This report explores the case for, and ways to promote, effective place-based governance and local democracy as vital elements of Australia’s federal system. It is in response to trends such as declining levels of trust in governments and politicians, the inability of ‘big government’ to...
The objective of the audit was to assess whether the Department of Infrastructure, Regional Development and Cities had designed and implemented appropriate governance and administration arrangements for the transition and delivery of sustainable reforms to services on Norfolk Island.
This report argues that as many of the issues relevant to regions span federal, state and local government, such bodies should have a federal remit. They should then work with governments at all levels and other stakeholders, including users and the general public, to make...
This paper discusses New Zealand's centralised political system, and considers what this means for local government reform.
This publication explains the rationale behind localism and responds to commonly heard objections. It explains how unusual New Zealand's centralism is when compared internationally. New Zealand's councils have limited fiscal autonomy. Their mandate is also much more restricted that local government in other parts of...
The policy initiatives outlined in this document will provide every council and federal member with the opportunity to deliver tangible outcomes to every community in Australia.
Best practice guidelines for compliance, monitoring and enforcement under the Resource Management Act 1991
These guidelines will help councils with their compliance, monitoring and enforcement (CME) responsibilities under the Resource Management Act.