Developing countries

Developing economies
Global South
Less developed countries

Journal article

Stigma and HIV care in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs)

Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-related stigma is a global public health issue and substantially affects low- and middle-income countries (LMICs) which are known to be the hardest hit by HIV. Despite HIV testing services and HIV treatment (antiretroviral therapy, ART) being freely available in several LMICs...


Shot of hope: Australia’s role in vaccinating the world against COVID-19

The COVID-19 pandemic will not end for anyone, until it ends for everyone. Through seven key recommendations, this report makes the case for an ambitious, expansive and intelligent investment to vaccinate the world.
Systematic review

Global, regional, and national sex-specific burden and control of the HIV epidemic, 1990–2019, for 204 countries and territories: the Global Burden of Diseases Study 2019

Other authors
Jahagirdar D., Walters M.K., Novotney A., Brewer E.D., Frank T.D., Carter A., Biehl M.H., Abbastabar H., Abhilash E.S., Abu-Gharbieh E., Abu-Raddad L.J., Adekanmbi V., Adeyinka D.A., Adnani Q.E.S., Afzal S., Aghababaei S., Ahinkorah B.O., Ahmad S., Ahmadi K., Ahmadi S., Ahmadpour E., Ahmed M.B., Rashid T.A., Salih Y.A., Aklilu A., Akram T., Akunna C.J., Al Hamad H., Alahdab F., Alanezi F.M., Aleksandrova E.A., Alene K.A., Ali L., Alipour V., Almustanyir S., Alvis-Guzman N., Ameyaw E.K., Amu H., Andrei C.L., Andrei T., Anvari D., Arabloo J., Aremu O., Arulappan J., Atnafu D.D., Quintanilla B.P.A., Ayza M.A., Azari S., Darshan B.B., Banach M., Bärnighausen T.W., Barra F., Barrow A., Basu S., Bazargan-Hejazi S., Belay H.G., Berheto T.M., Bezabhe W.M., Bezabih Y.M., Bhagavathula A.S., Bhardwaj N., Bhardwaj P., Bhattacharyya K., Bibi S., Bijani A., Bisignano C., Bolarinwa O.A., Boloor A., Boltaev A.A., Briko N.I., Buonsenso D., Burkart K., Butt Z.A., Cao C., Charan J., Chatterjee S., Chattu S.K., Chattu V.K., Choudhari S.G., Chu D.-T., Couto R.A.S., Cowden R.G., Dachew B.A., Dadras O., Dagnew A.B., Dahlawi S.M.A., Dai X., Dandona L., Dandona R., das Neves J., Degenhardt L., Demeke F.M., Desta A.A., Deuba K., Dhamnetiya D., Dhungana G.P., Dianatinasab M., Diaz D., Djalalinia S., Doan L.P., Dorostkar F., Edinur H.A., Effiong A., Eftekharzadeh S., El Sayed Zaki M., Elayedath R., Elhadi M., El-Jaafary S.I., El-Khatib Z., Elsharkawy A., Endalamaw A., Endries A.Y., Eskandarieh S., Ezeonwumelu I.J., Ezzikouri S., Farahmand M., Faraon E.J.A., Fasanmi A.O., Ferrero S., Desideri L.F., Filip I., Fischer F., Folayan M.O., Foroutan M., Fukumoto T., Gad M.M., Gadanya M.A., Gaidhane A.M., Garg T., Gayesa R.T., Gebreyohannes E.A., Gesesew H.A., Obsa A.G., Ghadiri K., Ghashghaee A., Gilani S.A., Ginindza T.G., Glăvan I.-R., Glushkova E.V., Golechha M., Gugnani H.C., Gupta B., Gupta S., Gupta V.B., Gupta V.K., Hamidi S., Handanagic S., Haque S., Harapan H., Hargono A., Hasaballah A.I., Hashi A., Hassan S., Hassanipour S., Hayat K., Heredia-Pi I., Hezam K., Holla R., Hoogar P., Hoque M.E., Hosseini M., Hosseinzadeh M., Hsairi M., Hussain R., Ibitoye S.E., Idrisov B., Ikuta K.S., Ilesanmi O.S., Ilic I.M., Ilic M.D., Irvani S.S.N., Islam M.M., Ismail N.E., Itumalla R., Iyamu I.O., Jabbarinejad R., Jain V., Jayawardena R., Jha R.P., Joseph N., Kabir A., Kabir Z., Kalhor R., Kaliyadan F., Kamath A., Kanchan T., Kandel H., Kassahun G., Katoto P.D.M.C., Kayode G.A., Kebede E.M., Kebede H.K., Khajuria H., Khalid N., Khan E.A., Khan G., Khatab K., Kim M.S., Kim Y.J., Kisa A., Kisa S., Kochhar S., Korshunov V.A., Koul P.A., Laxminarayana S.L.K., Koyanagi A., Krishan K., Defo B.K., Kumar G.A., Kumar M., Kumar N., Kwarteng A., Lal D.K., Landires I., Lasrado S., Lassi Z.S., Lazarus J.V., Lee J.J.-H., Lee Y.Y., LeGrand K.E., Lin C., Liu X., Maddison E.R., El Razek H.M.A., Mahasha P.W., Majeed A., Makki A., Malik A.A., Manamo W.A., Mansournia M.A., Martins-Melo F.R., Masoumi S.Z., Memish Z.A., Menezes R.G., Mengesha E.W., Merie H.E., Mersha A.G., Mestrovic T., Meylakhs P., Mheidly N., Miller T.R., Mirica A., Moazen B., Mohammad Y., Mohammadi M., Mohammed A., Mohammed S., Mohammed S., Moitra M., Mokdad A.H., Molokhia M., Moni M.A., Moradi G., Moradi Y., Mpundu-Kaambwa C., Mubarik S., Munro S.B., Mwanri L., Nachega J.B., Nagarajan A.J., Narayana A.I., Naveed M., Nayak B.P., Nduaguba S.O., Kandel S.N., Nguefack-Tsague G., Nguyen T.H., Nixon M.R., Nnaji C.A., Noubiap J.J., Nuñez-Samudio V., Nyirenda T.E., Oghenetega O.B., Olagunju A.T., Olakunde B.O., Owopetu O.F., Mahesh P.A., Padubidri J.R., Pakhale S., Parekh T., Kan F.P., Pawar S., Pepito V.C.F., Peprah E.K., Pinheiro M., Pokhrel K.N., Polibin R.V., Pollok R.C.G., Postma M.J., Syed Z.Q., Radfar A., Radhakrishnan R.A., Rahim F., Rahimi-Movaghar V., Rahimzadeh S., Rahman M., Rahmani A.M., Ram P., Ranabhat C.L., Ranasinghe P., Rao C.R., Rao S.J., Rathi P., Rawaf D.L., Rawaf S., Regassa L.D., ur Rehman I., Renzaho A.M.N., Rezaei N., Rezahosseini O., Rezai M.S., Rezapour A., Ripon R.K., Rodrigues V., Roshchin D.O., Rwegerera G.M., Saeed U., Moghaddam S.S., Sagar R., Saif-Ur-Rahman K.M., Salem M.R., Samaei M., Samy A.M., Santric-Milicevic M.M., Saroshe S., Sathian B., Satpathy M., Sawhney M., Schutte A.E., Seylani A., Shaikh M.A., Shaka M.F., Shamshad H., Shamsizadeh M., Shannawaz M., Shetty A., Shin J.I., Shivakumar K.M., Singh J.A., Skryabin V.Y., Skryabina A.A., Somayaji R., Soshnikov S., Spurlock E.E., Stein D.J., Sufiyan M.B., Tadbiri H., Tadesse B.T., Tadesse E.G., Tamiru A.T., Tarkang E.E., Taveira N., Tekalegn Y., Tesfay F.H., Tessema G.A., Thapar R., Tovani-Palone M.R., Traini E., Tran B.X., Tsai A.C., Tusa B.S., Ullah S., Umeokonkwo C.D., Unnikrishnan B., Tahbaz S.V., Villafañe J.H., Vladimirov S.K., Vo B., Vongpradith A., Vu G.T., Waheed Y., Wamai R.G., Wang G., Wang Y., Ward P., Westerman R., Winkler A.S., Yadav L., Jabbari S.H.Y., Yazie T.S., Yi S., Yiğit V., Yirdaw B.W., Yonemoto N., Yu C., Yunusa I., Zastrozhin M.S., Zastrozhina A., Zhang Z.-J., Zumla A., Salomon J.A., Eaton J.W., Naghavi M., Dwyer-Lindgren L., Wang H., Lim S.S., Hay S.I., Murray C.J.L., Kyu H.H.
Understanding the current state of the HIV epidemic and its change over time is essential to this effort. This study assesses the current sex-specific HIV burden in 204 countries and territories and measures progress in the control of the epidemic.

Resilience of local communities: lessons from COVID-19

This brief provides a first assessment on how 15 local communities in the Global South are building resilience in the face of COVID-19. It was found that communities used many different coping strategies, spanning multiple social domains of resilience when responding to a crisis.
Journal article

AHP-systems thinking analyses for kaizen costing implementation in the construction industry

This study explores the potential of kaizen costing strategy to engender effective cost management within construction project delivery systems in developing countries.
Conference paper

Finding the way to success in implementing Lean Construction in an unfavourable context

When it comes to lean implementation, the operational attributes of developing countries can cause significant impacts on priorities, tools and techniques. This paper took Iranian construction as a sample and sought to identify and prioritise the factors that could significantly contribute to the success of...

Mineral resource governance in the 21st century

This report maps existing international governance frameworks and initiatives which have overlapping subsets that focus on delivering the 2030 Global Agenda for Sustainable Development. It presents the practical actions required to improve the international governance architecture for mining to enhance its contribution towards sustainable development.

India and New Zealand: our story, our future

This report highlights the dynamic connections between New Zealand and India – and outlines the opportunities to grow the relationship further.

Protecting all: risk sharing for a diverse and diversifying world of work

Forces disrupting markets and changing the nature of work present a fundamental challenge to prevailing employment-based risk-sharing policies in countries at all levels of development. This publication proposes a package of protections, labor benefits, and services that are more relevant to the diverse and diversifying...

Improving young children's learning in economically developing countries: what works, why, and where?

This review aims to assist researchers and project teams in early childhood education and care (ECEC) to draw on the available evidence when planning interventions. It also aims to set evidence-based suggestions for future research on ECEC interventions in these contexts.

The Sustainable Development Goals report 2019

This report provides evidence-based insights to see if our actions today are laying the right foundation to achieve the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs).
Briefing paper

Pathways to sustained poverty reduction: balancing growth from above and below

Studying the movement of households into and out of extreme poverty in 11 countries in sub-Saharan Africa and South and Southeast Asia reveals important nuances to the mainstream growth and poverty reduction narrative.

Communicating climate change: a practitioner’s guide

This guide shares tips for communicating climate change effectively. It is intended for communications practitioners and other champions of climate action working in developing countries. If you have ever tried to explain to colleagues, policy-makers, or the broader public how the climate is changing, how...

Positive disruption: health and education in a digital age

This report sets out a number of practical considerations for governments, industry, and civil society to consider as they work to embrace technology in a way that will drive the greatest gains in inclusivity, human well-being, and more equitable growth.

An inclusive circular economy: priorities for developing countries

Developing economies will struggle to grow sustainably without significant investment in recycling, reusing and repairing used raw materials and products. This paper looks at opportunities to coordinate regional trade policies and investment programmes to rapidly scale up the circular economy in the developing world.

No time to waste: tackling the plastic pollution crisis before it’s too late

This report looks at the health impact of plastic pollution and rubbish on the world’s poorest people.

Publics in emerging economies worry social media sow division, even as they offer new chances for political engagement

This survey report finds that exposure to false or incorrect information is a key concern for people in eleven emerging economies, with many social media users reporting being regularly exposed to misinformation when using online platforms.

Chinese influence in the Pacific Islands: the yin and yang of soft power

This report finds that the concept of “soft power” is an overrated explanation for Chinese influence in the Pacific Islands. The buzzword often disguises more than it reveals about Chinese influence in Australia’s nearest region.

Blended finance in the poorest countries: the need for a better approach

With an estimated SDG financing gap of $2.5 trillion a year in developing countries alone, the international development community is placing an increasing emphasis on blended finance. This report aims to provide hard evidence to inform the discussion on the role of blended finance in...

Avoiding corruption in large scale land-based investments in Sub-Saharan Africa

Conventional, top-down and governance-focused anti-corruption efforts have had limited success in the fight against corruption in developing countries, argues this report. It considers how to develop and strengthen incentive-driven and high-impact anti-corruption initiatives.

Subnational investment in human capital

This report reviews investment in human capital and spending on health and education by both government and donors in all of the 82 poorest countries. It finds that the allocation of funds often does not match the distribution of poverty within countries, and data on...

Exit from aid: an analysis of country experiences

This report looks systematically at the impact on development financing of countries’ transition from low- to middle-income status. It includes eight case studies: Egypt, Ghana, the Lao People’s Democratic Republic, Nigeria, Pakistan, Papua New Guinea, Sri Lanka and Vietnam.

Exit from aid: an analysis of donor experiences

This report considers the approaches taken by development partners when transitioning and exiting from bilateral aid programs. It features case studies of Australia, Denmark, the European Union, France, Germany, Japan, the Republic of Korea, Sweden, Switzerland, the United Kingdom and the United States.
Journal article

Critical barriers to social responsibility implementation within mega-construction projects: the case of the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia

Social responsibility (SR) is still not effectively implemented within mega-construction projects. This study investigates critical barriers to it in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia (KSA). Findings contribute to a deeper understanding of critical SR implementation barriers. Identification and ranking allows decision-makers to develop strategies to...

Faith, sexual orientation, gender identity and the ACFID Code of Conduct: a learning paper

This paper reports on an action learning project undertaken by the Sexual Rights in Development Community of Practice in recognition of the challenges and possibilities that this acknowledgment might present for ACFID members.