While you’re here… help us stay here.

As we confront the economic impacts of the pandemic, we need your support even more. So that we can continue to bring you the latest in policy and research, please donate to APO.



Japan versus Europe: the quest to build Australia's future submarine

Overview The building of Australia’s fleet of future submarines is likely to be the largest defence program in this country’s history. It will cost tens of billions of dollars and will run for decades. So it’s little wonder that it’s a recurring topic of interest...

Why Australia should build its own submarines

This paper considers the design and build of Australia’s future submarine. Overview Submarines are a critical strategic capability for the uncertain times ahead. This paper considers the design and build of Australia’s future submarine including the possible acquisition of Japanese submarines by Australia to replace...

Study into the business of sustaining Australia’s strategic Collins Class submarine capability: progress review – March 2014

This fourth and final review into the Collins Class submarine sustainment program argues that submarine maintenance and availability has significantly improved. Summary This report revisits the sustainment environment 15 months on from our November 2012 Report to gauge progress along the transformation path. Previous phases...

Australia's future submarines

This background note aims to consolidate publicly available information on the Government's plan to acquire 12 new submarines to replace the Royal Australian Navy’s six Collins Class submarines and highlight the project's progress and current status to date. Australia’s Future Submarine project (SEA 1000) was...