ANZUS treaty

NARROWER TERMS
Report

ANZUS 2.0 cybersecurity and Australia–US relations

At the 15 September 2011 AUSMIN talks in San Francisco, Australian and US officials took advantage of the 60th anniversary of the signing of the ANZUS Treaty to announce the alliance would now extend into cyberspace. It was the first time, outside of NATO, that...
Report

North Korea and the ANZUS Treaty

This Strategic Insight traces the origins of the ANZUS Treaty, examines its substantive content, and considers whether and how it might apply in the event of a conflict between the United States and North Korea.
Report

The militarisation of Pine Gap: organisations and personnel

The Joint Defence Facility Pine Gap, located just outside the town of Alice Springs in Central Australia and managed by the US National Reconnaissance Office (NRO), is one of the largest US technical intelligence collection facilities in the world. Pine Gap today hosts three distinct...
Report

The corporatisation of Pine Gap

The Joint Defence Facility Pine Gap, located just outside the town of Alice Springs in Central Australia and managed by the U.S. National Reconnaissance Office (NRO), is one of the largest U.S. technical intelligence collection facilities in the world. The corporate presence at Pine Gap...
Report

The antennas of Pine Gap

Antennas are the most readily available and visible evidence of the existence, character, and size of signals intelligence facilities that operate or monitor space systems. Coupled with data on the timing of developments in US geosynchronous satellite programs, the timing of antenna installation now permits...
Report

Expanded communications satellite surveillance and intelligence activities utilising multi-beam antenna systems

The recent expansion of FORNSAT/COMSAT (foreign satellite/communications satellite) interception by the UKUSA or Five Eyes (FVEY) partners has involved the installation over the past eight years of multiple advanced quasi-parabolic multi-beam antennas, known as Torus, each of which can intercept up to 35 satellite communications...
Report

Managing operations at Pine Gap

The management of operations at the Pine Gap facility has become increasingly complex as the functions of the station have expanded, the number of agencies involved has grown, and the demands of a wider range of ‘users’ or ‘customers’ for the provision of ‘actionable intelligence’...
Report

The SIGINT satellites of Pine Gap: conception, development and in orbit

Pine Gap’s initial and still principal importance to the United States lies in its role as a ground control and processing station for geosynchronous signals intelligence satellites. Nine geosynchronous SIGINT (signals intelligence) satellites have been operated by Pine Gap over the past 45 years. That...
Report

The higher management of Pine Gap

The higher management of Pine Gap is and has always been an entirely American affair. To understand Pine Gap today, it is necessary to understand the organisations of the US intelligence community and military concerned with the acquisition of technical intelligence, and their politics over...
Audio interview

As support for ANZUS wanes, can China overcome Australians' wariness?

This interview discusses recent survey results regarding Australians' attitudes towards the ANZUS Alliance and our relations with China. Support for the ANZUS alliance has fallen to its lowest point in almost a decade. New research shows that Australians are increasingly looking to China to fill...