Birth rate

Fertility rate


2022 Population statement

Over the past year, restrictions have eased and Australia is adjusting to living with COVID-19. The 2022 Population Statement details how Australia’s population growth is projected to recover and how it is expected to change over the next decade, reflecting longstanding demographic trends like population...
Policy report

Tax and the fertility freefall: children, care and the Intergenerational Report

This paper argues that Australia should invest in financial support for parental care time for all children, with options suited to both parents, for at least the first 12 months after birth, and for universal public childcare for all children.

Having children

Many changes have occurred in Australia since the establishment of the Australian Institute of Families Studies in 1980. This snapshot focuses on fertility rate, the age at which women have their first child, and the number of births per woman.

World population prospects 2019

This report presents population estimates from 1950 to the present for 235 countries or areas, underpinned by analyses of historical demographic trends. The population estimates and projections describe population growth and ageing, as well as key trends in human fertility, mortality, and net international migration...

Trends in partnering and fertility among the Indigenous population

This paper uses data from the Census of Population and Housing to examine trends in Indigenous partnering and fertility between 2006 and 2016. The proportion of Indigenous adults who are partnered (either married or living in a de facto relationship) fell during the period examined...
Journal article

Male infertility – the other side of the equation

This article reviews the general practitioner’s evaluation of male infertility and indications for referral to a male infertility specialist, and gives an overview of the specialist management of male infertility.

Victoria in future 2016: population and household projections to 2051

Victoria in Future 2016 (VIF2016) is the official state government projection of population and households. Projections are used by decision makers across government and in other areas. The results are driven by assumptions concerning demographic and land use trends.
Systematic review

To investigate the risks and benefits for infertile Australian families considering accessing cross-border surrogacy

Multiple models of surrogacy exist internationally, each contributing different protections to surrogacy arrangements. Commercial surrogacy arrangements can be successfully managed without necessarily resulting in exploitation of, or harm to the involved parties. It is possible for Australians to engage in Cross Border Surrogacy (CBS) in...

Australia's mothers and babies 2013

The rate of women aged between 15-44 years giving birth is higher than a decade ago, according to this report. Summary - Mothers at a glance Women are giving birth later in life The average age of all women who gave birth was 30.1 years...

Cold comfort: is the fertility industry misleading women?

An increasing number of women in Australia and overseas are taking up the opportunity of freezing their eggs to be used later, as a kind of motherhood insurance. But some doctors are warning that these women, mainly in their thirties, are being misled, and being...
Literature review

Maternal, pregnancy and neonatal outcomes following IVF pregnancies: evidence check

This review examined the evidence for risks associated with assisted reproductive technology (ART). The published research does not currently allow for the estimation of the net effect of ART on pregnancy, maternal and neonatal outcomes. The best available evidence indicates that a pregnancy after ART...

Families in Australia: 2008

This report provides a summary of the key issues and trends facing Australian families. It examines a selection of key topics, including fertility, caring responsibilities, economic wellbeing of families, health of family relationships and how Australians are balancing work and family responsibilities. The accompanying snapshot...

Recent trends in Australian fertility

Births in Australia are at an historical high – with around 285 000 babies born in 2007. This corresponds to an estimated total fertility rate of 1.93 babies per woman, the highest since the early 1980s. This is not a one-off event as fertility rates...
Briefing paper

Therapeutic cloning: The infertility treatment amendment Bill 2007

This paper includes discussion of the bill and its legal context, a summary of ethical considerations and positions, an explanation of Victoria's science, technology and innovation industry, and developments in interstate and international jurisdictions.

Higher education, the bane of fertility?

Peng Yu analyses the results of a study of the effect of the education on people’s fertility expectation in Australia, using the first wave of the HILDA Survey conducted in 2001.

Fertility: A baby bounce for Australia?

Australia has had a baby boom and a baby bust. Are we likely to have a baby bounce - an increase in the average number of babies women have in their lifetime? This Current Issues Brief examines the available data.

Population, gender and reproductive choice: the motherhood questions directions for policy

This paper by Lois Bryson and Alison Mackinnon provides a summary of key points to emerge from the research papers presented at the workshop 'Population, gender and reproductive choice: the motherhood questions', held in Adelaide in February 2000.