Criminal justice system
Bail and parole app scoping project: final report
This project scoped whether application software for a mobile or similar device (an app) that supports Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people on bail or parole is regarded as appropriate, useful and beneficial within the ACT Aboriginal and/or Torres Strait Islander communities involved with the...
‘Can’t you girls work this out?’: LGBTQ+ victim-survivors’ experiences of Victoria’s family violence intervention order system
This report examines the experiences of LGBTQ+ family violence victim-survivors with Victoria’s family violence intervention order system.
Australia's emerging incarceration crisis: proposed reforms of the Australian sentencing system
This report examines the gulf between sentencing knowledge and practice, and makes recommendations regarding the measures that need to be undertaken to bridge that gap, so that law-makers can bring sentencing practice in line with current knowledge and make it fairer and more efficient.
Double jeopardy: the economic and social costs of keeping women behind bars
This paper provides a foundational framework outlining the clear need to reform the imprisonment of women in Australia. It seeks to highlight the key issues and emphasise the urgent need to reduce rates of female imprisonment through a nationally consistent approach.
This report is report based on research with Aboriginal communities in Bourke, Moree and Mt Druitt. It conveys their experiences of the criminal justice system and captures their perspectives on ‘reinvestment’ in New South Wales. The report also invites government to commence a process of...
Criminal justice mobile applications: a literature and scoping review
The focus of this review is on those technologies that support behaviour change among individuals involved in the criminal justice system and, in particular, on those technologies that aim to contribute towards the goal of reducing reoffending.
Literature review on yarning circles in a criminal justice context
This report presents a select literature review on yarning circles within the justice system, to provide insight into the unique cultural elements of yarning practices and inform how yarning circles can best operate in ACT justice system.
Engendering justice: the sentencing of women and girls in Queensland
This report examines courts data for cases involving women and girls sentenced in Queensland between 2005-06 and 2018-19. It examines trends and patterns in the sentencing of women and girls, and provides insight into factors that contribute to women and girls becoming involved in the...
Intimate Partner Abuse Solution programs
Intimate Partner Abuse Solution (IPAS) programs were first developed in the 1970s as diversion programs to prevent jail overcrowding. Researchers brought together experts with diverse perspectives and experiences related to conducting, evaluating and collaborating with IPAS programs, to identify a set of prioritised recommendations that...
Support for children of imprisoned parents in New South Wales
This inquiry was established to look into the possible impact on children of imprisoned parents in NSW, and the adequacy of policies and services to assist them. In particular, it examined what services are available, how effective they are, and whether improvements could be made.
Young people with acquired brain injury: preventing entrenchment in the criminal justice system
This report explores whether children and young people with an acquired brain injury might be over-represented in the criminal justice system in Victoria. It also discusses the strengths and weaknesses of the current system in responding to the needs of young people with cognitive impairment.
Wirkara Kulpa: Aboriginal youth justice strategy 2022–2032
This strategy was developed and led from the outset by the Aboriginal Justice Caucus. This process commenced with a planning workshop in 2018 where the Caucus outlined their aspirations for, and approach to, creating Victoria’s first Aboriginal youth justice strategy.
Attrition of human trafficking and slavery cases through the Australian criminal justice system
The investigation and prosecution of human trafficking and slavery cases is challenging. The purpose of this study was twofold: to identify the points of attrition in the criminal justice process (defined as when a matter was referred to the police until the achievement of a...
Improving the justice system response to sexual offences: report
This report is the result of a major inquiry held over 18 months, involving 99 consultations, and attracting 71 submissions. The report contains 91 recommendations to improve the way the justice system in Victoria responds to sexual offences.
Review of the service system and implementation requirements for raising the minimum age of criminal responsibility in the Australian Capital Territory: final report
The ACT Legislative Assembly has committed to raising the minimum age of criminal responsibility. This report identifies opportunities for reform to achieve improved outcomes for children and their families. It also proposes an alternative response to meet the needs of children affected by the changing...
Northern Territory Aboriginal justice agreement 2021–2027
The Northern Territory Aboriginal Justice Agreement (the Agreement) outlines how the parties will work together to improve justice outcomes for Aboriginal Territorians. The Agreement has three aims and identifies the commitments and actions to be delivered over seven years.
Benchmarking the use of audiovisual link technologies in Australian criminal courts before the pandemic
This report is the second published by the AIC arising from its national video courts research program and documents the development and implementation of AVL (audiovisual link) technologies in the criminal courts in Australia, before the onset of the COVID-19 pandemic in late 2019.
Audiovisual link technologies in Australian criminal courts: practical and legal considerations
This report assesses the practical and legal considerations that need to be taken into account when adopting audio-visual link (AVL) technologies in the criminal courts, and concludes by identifying best practice initiatives for the adoption of AVL technologies in Australia.
Leaving custody behind: foundations for safer communities and gender-informed criminal justice systems - issues paper
The purpose of this paper is to highlight the rising rates of women’s incarceration in Victoria and to build foundations for an alternative trajectory.
Improving mental health outcomes for Indigenous Australians in the criminal justice system
This report synthesises available evidence from programs and initiatives that aim to improve mental health for Indigenous Australians who have contact with the criminal justice system.
Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander voices in disability support services: a collation of systematic reviews
This report synthesises the published literature on how First Nations people in Australia understand and experience disability, and on promising practice in disability support services for Indigenous people internationally, in order to inform cultural safety in Australian disability services.
The high level of First Nations people in custody and oversight and review of deaths in custody: report
This report highlights that the current arrangements for reviewing deaths in custody are complex, with many of the functions overlapping across a number of different oversight bodies, and not one lead body to coordinate an effective approach.
Criminal justice responses to child sexual abuse material offending: a systematic review and evidence and gap map
This report provides the world’s first systematic review of criminal justice responses to child sexual abuse material (CSAM) offending.
Crime, justice and social capital in the Torres Strait region
Torres Strait Islanders had a strong sense of themselves as composed of distinct peoples and cultures different from those of the mainland. This report examines the extent of crime occurring and how justice is practised in the Torres Strait Islands.
Policy futures: a reform agenda
This publication has been prepared to increase the accessibility of valuable evidence and experiences to policy-makers within Australia. It is intended to encourage more partnership approaches toward developing public policy that are informed by broad groups of experts, including Churchill Fellows.