While you’re here… help us stay here.

As we confront the economic impacts of the pandemic, we need your support even more. So that we can continue to bring you the latest in policy and research, please donate to APO.

Darknet

ALTERNATIVE LABELS
Dark web
NARROWER TERMS
Report

Child sexual abuse material on the darknet: a script analysis of how offenders operate

Using data obtained from interviews with online investigators, this study uses crime script analysis to reconstruct step-by-step how offenders operate on the darknet.
Report

Illicit firearms and other weapons on darknet markets

This study provides a snapshot of the availability of weapons across eight omnibus or ‘High Street’ and 12 specialist darknet or illicit cryptomarkets between July and December 2019.
Report

Impact of darknet market seizures on opioid availability

This report investigates the impact of darknet market closures (voluntary or exit scams) and law enforcement market seizures on the availability of fentanyl and other opioids.
Report

Availability of COVID-19 related products on Tor darknet markets

Tor darknet markets are frequently used as a litmus test of illicit drug and malware trends, as well as criminal novelty and entrepreneurship more generally. Crime follows opportunity and the COVID-19 pandemic offers profiteering arising from shortages and fear.
Report

Fentanyl availability on darknet markets

The convergence of anonymous online illicit darknet markets (or cryptomarkets) and cryptocurrencies, such as Bitcoin, has created an efficient retail platform for illicit markets, including potent new synthetic opioids such as fentanyl.
Report

How much fentanyl is available on the darknet?

This bulletin provides a snapshot of the sale and distribution of fentanyl and its analogues across several popular illicit darknet markets. Data collected daily from six darknet markets between 2 January and 23 February 2019 reveal the amount, types and physical forms of fentanyl available.
Report

Underground web: the cybercrime challenge

The two papers in this Special Report examine the central role that cybercrime plays in modern society and how technological developments create new opportunities for criminals to exploit. Overview Calum Jeffray’s paper, Caught in the net: the law enforcement response to international cybercrime, surveys the...