This fact sheet highlights the regional and national military expenditure data for 2019 and trends over the decade 2010–19. The data is from the updated SIPRI Military Expenditure Database, which provides military expenditure data by country for the years 1949–2019.
The change of focus to strategic competition is an inflection point for America's special operations forces. This paper experts explain how policymakers must give clear policy guidance and make decisions about ongoing conflicts and priorities to use these forces effectively.
This independent performance audit in the Department of Defence considers the current phase of design and construction of 12 new submarines (the ‘Future Submarine’ fleet) the largest Defence procurement in Australia's history.
The objective of this audit was to assess the effectiveness of Defence’s design and implementation of arrangements to select a preferred Strategic Partner for the Future Submarines Program.
This report argues that America no longer enjoys military primacy in the Indo-Pacific and its capacity to uphold a favourable balance of power is increasingly uncertain. It suggests that a strategy of collective defence is fast becoming necessary as a way of offsetting shortfalls in...
This paper contends that an influence operations model will enable the Australian Air Force to focus on how to give priority to the strategic effects that it can deliver for government and to creatively reframe its thinking about how best to use the tools available...
Little has changed in the defence funding picture since last year. This year’s budget continues to follow the trajectory of solid real annual increases set out in the 2016 Defence White Paper.
This Centre of Gravity discussion paper examines military expenses funding, arguing for direct war taxes and conscription or systems of national service.
This paper analyzes the largest and most expensive procurement projects undertaken by either country, Canada’s $73 billion (estimated) National Shipbuilding Strategy (NSS), launched in 2010, and Australia’s A$90 billion Naval Shipbuilding Plan (NSP), launched in 2017. Each project represents an attempt to implement a rational...