Goods and services tax
Each year, the Commonwealth Treasurer asks the Commission to provide recommendations for the distribution of the Goods and Services Tax (GST) pool among the states and territories (states). This paper provides an overview of each state’s GST needs over the past decade, and the main...
This inquiry’s terms of reference asked the Committee to examine the adequacy of Commonwealth support for Victoria, specifically Victoria’s GST share and the impact of the end of the no-worse-off guarantee.
Building on research and analysis published by Grattan Institute since it was founded 13 years ago, this report identifies reforms to boost incomes, improve health and education, create better transport links, make housing more affordable, generate meaningful progress on climate change, and strengthen Australia’s political...
This paper does an analysis of the main elements of the European Union VAT tourism tax refund scheme and then focuses on a detailed comparative case study of the design and administration of the tourism tax refund schemes in the GST of Australia and the...
This paper explains how state circumstances differ, and how this drives Australian states’ differing shares of the GST pool. It explains how the Commission measures states’ different needs and the main drivers of different needs across the country.
This report discusses the impact the mining assessment has had on GST distributions, including volatility of GST distributions and the implications for policy neutrality. The paper also provides an outline of the potential effect of the new equalisation arrangements on volatility and policy neutrality.
This paper starts with a discussion of the early 1990s battle of the plans between John Hewson’s Fightback! and Paul Keating’s One Nation but then focuses on the Howard–Costello government’s tax reform plan, in particular 1998’s A New Tax System (ANTS), with its centrepiece GST...
This final review report finds that while the federation had served the nation well, creeping centralisation and an increasing administrative burden in the financial relations between the Commonwealth and the states has prevented the nation from being as economically efficient as we can be.
Regional inequality has been increasing in many countries. It is well recognised that living standards across Australia are also not equal. People in regions away from the capital cities generally have lower incomes, poorer health outcomes, less access to services. This inquiry report looks at...
This report explores tax reform possibilities for Tasmania, as it emerges from the COVID-19 pandemic and recession.
This report examines trends in GST receipts relative to the size of the economy over the last twenty years, including the impact of demographic change, and possible trajectories for future GST collections.
This NSW Review of federal financial relations draft report sets out a blueprint for refreshing Australia’s 119-year-old federation.
The NSW Government has commenced a review of federal financial relations. This discussion paper outlines options for reform.
The New Zealand government has announced changes to the GST treatment of telecommunications services that are to apply from 1 October 2020. This issues paper provides further details of the announcement, specifically the decision to repeal most of the special rules currently in the Goods...
The federal government is working with other countries, through the G20 and the OECD, to develop sustainable, multilateral responses to address the challenges to Australia's tax systems arising from digitalisation. This discussion paper explores options to move towards a fairer and more sustainable tax system...
This report assesses the influence of the current system of Horizontal Fiscal Equalisation (HFE) on productivity, efficiency and economic growth; the incentives for the states to undertake reforms that improve the operation of their jurisdictions; and on the states’ abilities to prepare and deliver annual...
BETA partnered with the Australian Tax Office to design and test behaviourally informed methods of communications aimed at improving compliance among businesses in the Deferred GST Scheme.
The arbitrary 23.9 per cent tax revenue to GDP figure: from a convenient assumption to a ‘speed limit’
This briefing paper shows the recently announced 23.9% tax-to-GDP cap is entirely arbitrary, and that a strict tax cap with no policy change will severely limit choices in government spending.