In this report, the authors investigate fake news landscapes around the world and analyses a range of measures adopted by governments to combat disinformation.
This report outlines a framework for understanding how disinformation is being used online to exclude women from public life. The report finds that gendered disinformation is parasitic on news events, existing rumours, and underlying social stereotypes, and can be extremely successful in reaching a broad...
Over the past decade, state actors have taken advantage of the digitisation of election systems, election administration and election campaigns to interfere in foreign elections and referendums. This research identified 41 elections and seven referendums between January 2010 and October 2020 where cyber-enabled foreign interference...
One of the greatest challenges in the study of disinformation and influence operations (IOs) is measuring their impact. This paper seeks to answer that challenge by proposing “The Breakout Scale,” a comparative model for measuring IOs based on data that are observable, replicable, verifiable and...
COVID-19 disinformation and social media manipulation: pro-Russian vaccine politics drives new disinformation narratives
This latest report in the series on COVID-19 disinformation and social media manipulation investigates vaccine disinformation emerging – the day after Russia announced plans to mass-produce its own vaccine - from Eastern Ukraine’s pro-Russian media ecosystem.
Over the past few years, social media platforms, particularly Facebook and Twitter, have received inordinate blame for many of society’s ills, particularly mis- and disinformation. This paper recommends the creation of government fusion cells for online problems, which would centralise expertise and decision-making and serve...
This report explores how liberal democracies are grappling with addressing threats in the information environment. In addition, it surveys how information operations are influencing modern, great power competition by generating civil discord and friction.
The persuasive effect of Fox News: non-compliance with social distancing during the COVID-19 pandemic
The COVID-19 crisis has renewed concerns about the dangers of misinformation and its persuasive effects on behaviour. The US response to the pandemic is deeply divided along partisan lines. This study measured the effects of cable news in the US on regional differences in compliance...
This report examines the impact of algorithmic changes made by social media platforms, designed to curb the spread of disinformation, through the lens of digital marketing. The report highlights some of the techniques used by campaigners to attract, retain and persuade online audiences. It also...
This report surveys the landscape of fact-checking outlets in Europe. In all, more than 50 dedicated fact-checking outlets have launched across Europe over the past decade, though roughly a third of those have closed their doors or operate only occasionally.
In this article, Emily Bell, the director at the Tow Center for Digital Journalism at Columbia Journalism School discusses the need for Facebook to take greater responsibility for its media publishing policies.