Opioids

ALTERNATIVE LABELS
Codeine
Fentanil
Fentanyl
NARROWER TERMS


Journal article

Digital interventions to save lives from the opioid crisis prior and during the SARS COVID-19 pandemic: a scoping review of Australian and Canadian experiences

The potential for digital initiatives for opioid harm reduction is boundless. Synthesized evidence on current interventions and their efficacy are emerging. This scoping review is an effort to aggregate Canadian and Australian digital health initiatives used to prevent opioid-related deaths and minimize harm, prior to...

Report

The firm and the FDA: McKinsey and Company’s conflicts of interest at the heart of the opioid epidemic

The Committee’s investigation has uncovered significant, years-long conflicts of interest at McKinsey, resulting from its work for the federal government at the same time it was advising opioid manufacturers, including providing advice on how to influence the regulatory decisions of the U.S. Food and Drug...
Report

Impact of darknet market seizures on opioid availability

This report investigates the impact of darknet market closures (voluntary or exit scams) and law enforcement market seizures on the availability of fentanyl and other opioids.
Report

Quantifying the social costs of pharmaceutical opioid misuse and illicit opioid use to Australia in 2015/16

In recent decades the range and patterns of opioids used for extra-medical purposes have changed. The use of pharmaceutical opioids exceeds the use of heroin. The objective of this report was to estimate the social costs arising from extra-medical opioid use in Australia for the...
Report

Is there fentanyl contamination in the Australian illicit drug market?

This research investigates fentanyl use among police detainees participating in the Drug Use Monitoring in Australia program.
Report

The social supply of pharmaceutical opioids

This study explores the prevalence, predictors and nature of the ‘social supply’ of pharmaceutical opioids among police detainees.
Guide

Call to action: public libraries and the opioid crisis

As the impact of the opioid epidemic is felt in communities across the U.S., public libraries are engaging in community responses. For many libraries, however, the new and urgent demand created by this public health crisis is paired with uncertainty on how best to address...
Report

Fentanyl availability on darknet markets

The convergence of anonymous online illicit darknet markets (or cryptomarkets) and cryptocurrencies, such as Bitcoin, has created an efficient retail platform for illicit markets, including potent new synthetic opioids such as fentanyl.
Report

Public libraries respond to the opioid crisis with their communities: summary report

As the impact of the opioid epidemic is felt in communities across America, public libraries are choosing to be part of the community response. OCLC is sharing knowledge and resources that will help public libraries and their community partners develop effective strategies to address the...
Case study

Public libraries respond to the opioid crisis with their communities: case studies

This report includes eight research-based case studies highlighting varying opioid response efforts across eight locations in the US.
Report

Australia’s annual overdose report 2019

This report reveals that unintentional overdose continues to be a significant cause of death in Australia. The continued growth in unintentional overdose deaths is linked to highly potent drugs, many of which are available through prescription, such as pharmaceutical opioids and benzodiazepines.
Report

The opioid epidemic in North America: implications for Australia

The opioid epidemic in North America has attracted considerable international concern because of the scale of the problem and the high rate of overdose deaths. This paper highlights the importance of being vigilant about the potential for similar problems in Australia, and continuing to monitor...
Journal article

A perfect storm: fear of litigation for end of life care

Should doctors fear legal sanction for using opioids at the end of life? A perfect storm arises from a rare confluence of adverse meteorological factors, and is a metaphor for an especially bad situation caused by a combination of unfavourable circumstances. Health care at the...
Report

The cost of pain in Australia

This report assesses the burden of chronic pain in Australia, including its impact on the health system, productivity, carer costs and wellbeing.
Report

Opioid addiction treatment in 2019

This report discusses opportunities for policy makers to engage on harm reduction, equitable access to treatment and support, and collaboration and coordination, to stem the tide of the opioid crisis in Canada.
Report

Opioid harm in Australia and comparisons between Australia and Canada

Opioid use and its associated harms is an issue of great public health interest, both within Australia and internationally. This report shows that opioid harms are an issue in both Australia and Canada. Rates of opioid deaths and opioid poisoning hospitalisations in Australia increased in...
Report

Fentanyl use by police detainees remains unchanged

Fentanyl is a powerful opioid prescribed for severe pain that can also be used for non-medical purposes. Recent data suggest the extent of fentanyl use varies across Australia, with elevated consumption levels in some regional areas.
Report

Australia’s annual overdose report 2018

This report focuses on accidental deaths caused by drugs, excluding drug-deaths that were deemed homicidal, suicidal or of undetermined intent. This is to ensure that drugs and the public health consequences that arise from them remain the primary focus of the report without the complicating...
Report

Opioid, amphetamine, and cocaine-induced deaths in Australia: August 2018

This bulletin reports on opioid, amphetamine, and cocaine-induced deaths in Australia up until 2016, as provided by the Australian Bureau of Statistics (ABS) using data from the National Coronial Information System (NCIS). Data for 2015 and 2016 are not final, as the ABS applies a...
Guide

NSW clinical guidelines: treatment of opioid dependence 2018

These guidelines provide clinical guidance and policy direction for opioid treatment in New South Wales. They align with national directions and recommendations, and incorporate the latest clinical evidence.