Satellites



Report

Space technology in Australia

This paper provides a background on Australia’s space industry, the relevant public and private organisations, and the legislative framework governing it. The author also examines the opportunities and challenges the industry currently faces, with respect to regulation and competition from overseas counterparts.
Report

Low Earth Orbit, satellite constellations and regulation

With the cost of placing assets in space rapidly declining, and access to capital becoming easier as commercial uses of space are becoming normalised, new regulatory issues are emerging. This report identifies and evaluates the legal and regulatory arrangements and risks for these low Earth...
Briefing paper

The first space-cyber war and the need for new regimes and policies

This policy brief makes the case that states should adopt national policies to defend against threats to space-based assets and applications, such as communications satellites, that are both vital to national security and economic security and increasingly vulnerable to cyberattacks.
Report

Cybersecurity of NATO’s space-based strategic assets

Almost all modern military engagements rely on space-based assets, but cyber vulnerabilities can undermine confidence in the performance of strategic systems. This paper evaluates the threats, vulnerabilities and consequences of cyber risks to strategic systems.
Report

Australian government response to the 2018 Regional Telecommunications Independent Committee report

The 2018 Regional Telecommunications Review examined how people use telecommunications services in regional, rural and remote parts of Australia and how regional communities can maximise the economic, social and future opportunities enabled by digital technologies and services.
Report

Review of the Viewer Access Satellite Television (VAST) service: final report

Viewer Access Satellite Television Service (VAST) provides free-to-air commercial and national television services to around 500,000 Australian viewers in regional Australia. This final report of the 2018 VAST service review includes the key recommendation that the service should continue to be provided through the current...
Report

2018 Regional telecommunications review

This review illustrated that there are compelling factors for significant additional capital investment in telecommunications infrastructure to maximise the economic opportunities and economy-wide benefits that are available for the people in regional, rural and remote Australia.
Discussion paper

Review of the Viewer Access Satellite Television (VAST) service: issues paper

This review will assess the performance of the Viewer Access Satellite Television (VAST) service and consider options on how best to provide free-to-air broadcasting services to viewers in areas without access to reliable terrestrial TV transmissions.
Report

The SIGINT satellites of Pine Gap: conception, development and in orbit

Pine Gap’s initial and still principal importance to the United States lies in its role as a ground control and processing station for geosynchronous signals intelligence satellites. Nine geosynchronous SIGINT (signals intelligence) satellites have been operated by Pine Gap over the past 45 years. That...
Report

Expanded communications satellite surveillance and intelligence activities utilising multi-beam antenna systems

The recent expansion of FORNSAT/COMSAT (foreign satellite/communications satellite) interception by the UKUSA or Five Eyes (FVEY) partners has involved the installation over the past eight years of multiple advanced quasi-parabolic multi-beam antennas, known as Torus, each of which can intercept up to 35 satellite communications...
Article

The “Joint Facilities” revisited: Desmond Ball, democratic debate on security, and the human interest

Introduction Desmond Ball’s labours through four decades to elucidate the character of United States defence and intelligence facilities in Australia, to document the evidence, test the balance of benefits and dangers to both national security and human security, and then tell the story to his...