Social determinants of health
Long COVID is a multi-system illness characterised by ongoing persistent symptoms that can last for weeks or months following COVID-19 infection. This review investigates the scale and impact of long COVID in the Australian context.
This discussion paper sets a framework for Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples to take control of their health and wellbeing through nation building.
This strategy was developed in consultation with the South Australian Aboriginal community in seven regions during 2021.
Disability and Wellbeing Monitoring Framework: baseline indicator data for Australians aged 18-64 years
Highlighting gaps and limitations in national data related to people with disability, this report presents the first national data using the Disability and Wellbeing Monitoring Framework and Indicators developed by the National Health and Medical Research Council.
Papers in this track bring together academics, tertiary students, policymakers and practitioners from diverse disciplines to explore how our cities are impacting health behaviours, risk factors and outcomes, and how cities can be more resilient and equitable in the decades ahead.
To address health inequalities, the authors of this report argue that change is needed in the the way that we communicate about the wider determinants of health – to increase public understanding and to build space for policy change.
This publication aims to provide a comprehensive outline of the most recent indicators of the health and current health status of Australia's Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people.
‘Sometimes they’re gammin, playing tricks, but sometimes it’s ears.’ The perspectives of urban parents and carers of young Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander children on their journey to diagnosis of persistent ear health and hearing problems
This study investigated how access to, and availability of, ear health and hearing services contributes to the burden of avoidable hearing loss experienced by young, urban Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander children and their families.
This report looks at the direct and indirect health effects of COVID-19 in Australia. It includes information on case numbers, deaths and burden of disease, as well as the impact on other diseases, health services, changes in health behaviours and social determinants.
Obesity is a major public health issue in Australia. This report examines the associations between overweight and obesity and factors that include a person’s level of education, occupation, household income and household make-up.
Addressing health and social care during and beyond COVID-19: the importance of implementation science
This paper argues that the involvement of consumers and the community in the quest to combat and recover from the COVID-19 pandemic will enable social equity, as demonstrated by a case study.
Health literacy and disparities in COVID-19–related knowledge, attitudes, beliefs and behaviours in Australia
The findings in this article show that there are important disparities in COVID-19–related knowledge, attitudes and behaviours according to people’s health literacy and language. These have the potential to undermine efforts to reduce viral transmission and may lead to social inequalities in health outcomes in...
Aboriginal community controlled health organisations address health equity through action on the social determinants of health of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples in Australia
This study provides evidence of the considerable efforts of the Aboriginal Community Controlled Health Organisation sector, as a primary health care provider, in addressing the social determinants of health and health inequity experienced by Indigenous communities.
Over the last two decades, public health and health promotion strategies have increasingly recognised the importance of redressing the social determinants of health (SDOH) inequities. This study investigates the ways in which work integration social enterprises (WISE) affect the SDOH equity for young people in...
Improving health equity among young people: the role of social enterprise - an evidence and practice summary
Work integration social enterprises provide one mechanism for addressing the root causes of health inequity among young people. This guide summarises the ‘better-practice’ features, contexts and design of successful, youth-focused work integration social enterprises.
This paper looks at the link between health and income. It explores the nature of the economic shocks experienced in recent years, including those stemming from COVID-19, and the consequences these might have on people’s health. It then considers how we might use the current...
This compendium was produced as part of a University of Melbourne research project titled 'Violence against people with disabilities: maximising the use of data to inform the Royal Commission.' It aims to provide research directions for academics, policy makers and government.
This report documents the development of a comprehensive Monitoring Framework and Indicators to measure and track inequalities between people with and without disability in relation to exposure to well-established social determinants of health and wellbeing.
Broadband is essential infrastructure, and the country’s digital divide confirms the challenges to bringing its benefits to every person, regardless of demographics or geography. As broadband affects nearly every social determinant of health, barriers to adoption and use represent significant challenges in individual and community-level...
In this policy paper, participants from a national health, homelessness and vulnerably housed roundtable call for the development of a national policy on health equity housing and homelessness.
Corruption is pervasive, but we know little about its effects on individual lives. This paper examines whether living in a corrupt society has deleterious effects on health.
This report lays out five steps for action that organisations can take to lead in a world in which social determinants assume a more prominent role. The research is backed by new results from a global survey conducted by PwC’s Health Research Institute, along with...