Biotic communities

Working paper

Valuing forest ecosystem services in New Zealand

In this paper, the author describes several ecosystem service frameworks and outlines how these frameworks can inform land use decisions, with a particular focus on those involving forests.

Benefits of the environment to health

Ecosystem services are the benefits that society obtains from ecosystems, such as food, clean water and air. This review investigates the health benefits provided by 3 ecosystem services - air filtration, local climate regulation and recreation. The review found ecosystem services provide many benefits to...

The nature-based economy: how Australia’s prosperity depends on nature

This report calculates the Australian economy’s direct dependence on nature and the variation in direct dependency for every major industry sector. It also calls for government to create strong environment laws that protect nature and establishing an independent regulator to enforce them.

State of the global climate 2021

This WMO flagship report reveals that greenhouse gas concentrations, sea level rise, ocean heat and ocean acidification all set new records in 2021. This is yet another clear sign that human activities are causing planetary scale changes on land, in the ocean and in in...
Conference paper

Unpacking representations of ‘the environment’ in local government environmental discourses

This research explores environmental discourses of local councils situated in the Merri Creek catchment in metropolitan Melbourne, Australia, a settler-colonial country.

Living within limits: adapting the planetary boundaries to understand Australia’s contribution to planetary health

This report summarises work undertaken through the Land Use Futures program to adapt the planetary boundaries to the Australian context. It outlines how Australia is tracking against its share of five of the planetary boundaries and considers how the land use sector is both contributing...

Threatened species strategy 2021-2031

The 2021–2031 Threatened Species Strategy is the next step in the Australian government’s approach to protecting and recovering Australia’s threatened species and threatened ecological communities.
Technical report

Technical review of the water sharing plan for the Barwon-Darling Unregulated and Alluvial Water Sources 2012

This technical report prepared by Prof. Fran Sheldon from Australian Rivers Institute (Griffith University) reviews the ecology, hydrology, and license types of water along the Barwon-Darling.

Niue marine ecological surveys, 2016 and 2017

Niue is a small, remote, upraised island with limited reef development and no lagoon system. The eastern and southern coasts are exposed to swells driven by southeasterly trade winds, resulting in limited reef extension along these coasts. There is a marginally greater extension of reef...
Case study

Enhancing our Dandenong Creek program

Revitalising the Dandenong Creek for best community outcomes. This case study delivers a range of waterway enhancements that the community helped to identify. Projects include daylighting a section of Dandenong Creek, creating new fish habitats, installing signage and public amenities, and working with industry to...

New Zealand’s environmental reporting series: Our fresh water 2017

This report measures the quality of New Zealand's waterways; water quantity and flows; biodiversity in rivers and lakes; and the cultural health of fresh water. It is the first dedicated report on fresh water in New Zealand’s Environmental Reporting Series and will be a baseline...
Technical report

Conservation values of state forests: assessment report

This report describes the assessment carried out by VEAC of conservation values of state forests in the four regional forest agreement areas in eastern Victoria.

Responses to, and lessons learnt from, the January and February 2016 bushfires in remote Tasmanian wilderness

This report examines the response to, and lessons learnt from, recent fires in remote Tasmanian wilderness affecting the Tasmanian Wilderness World Heritage Area.The introductory chapter outlines the history and effect of the bushfires that occurred in the Tasmanian Wilderness World Heritage Area (TWWHA) in early...

Channel country at the crossroads: the risks of unconventional gas mining for land, water and life

The expansion of the unconventional oil and gas industry into the Channel Country is a relatively new development. It is becoming increasingly apparent that the proliferation of new oil and gas fields in the region will detract from its natural values. The proposed exploitation of...

Was earth created good?: reappraising earth in Gen. 1:1-2:4a from a Samoan gafataulima perspective

This thesis offers a reappraisal of Earth as presented in Gen. 1:1-2:4a from a Samoan gafataulima (accomplish/fulfil/capable) hermeneutical perspective. The inspiration for the study arose out of a personal dilemma concerning my religious beliefs and the reality that I am experiencing in the world today...

Saving our species

Science is vital to our conservation management. Our ecologists work hand-in-hand with land managers to plan and deliver effective conservation management for Australia’s species. We use science to inform, monitor and adapt our conservation strategies and actions, as well as to advance solutions to key...

Phylogeography of the commensal Rattus exulans with implications for its use as bioproxy for human migrations

The Pacific rat, Rattus exulans, or Kiore as it is called by Maori, is a small human commensal associated with the human settlement of the Pacific. Archaeological evidence from Island Melanesia connects the distribution of the species with the presumed ancestors of all Polynesians, the...

A classification of New Zealand’s terrestrial ecosystems

This study produces a comprehensive terrestrial ecosystem classification by subjectively constructing a heirarchy of perceived key environmental drivers. Introduction: The ecosystem concept is at the centre of international agreements, New Zealand legislation, and modern policy and planning systems that aim to sustainably manage natural resources...

The role of arboriculture in landscape domestication and agronomic development: a case study from the Marquesas Islands, East Polynesia

Polynesian settlers transformed the native forests of the central Pacific islands into productive economic landscapes. Root crops came to dominate agronomic systems in many areas but arboriculture was the dominant mode of food production in some, and it is not well understood how these different...

The use of local resource knowledge and customary fisheries management to assist marine management in the Fiji Islands using Maumi, Fiji, as a case study

Traditional and community-based marine resource management practices can enhance the effectiveness of contemporary environmental management models. These traditional management practices, which are based on knowledge of natural and cultural systems in specific areas, provide useful lessons from which contemporary resource managers can learn about the...

Is fracking good for your health? An analysis of the impacts of unconventional gas on health and climate

This report assesses existing research to address the question of whether unconventional gas should be endorsed as a major future energy source, based on its impacts on human health and the climate.

The Minerals Resource Rent Tax and associated expense measures: a quick guide to sources

This quick guide provides links to source material on the Minerals Resource Rent Tax (MRRT) and the preceding proposal, the Resource Super Profits Tax (RSPT). This material includes the Henry Review, the RSPT and MRRT and associated expense measures, as well as Parliamentary inquiries, additional...

Sampling soil organic carbon to detect change over time

This research describes a generic monitoring design that could be widely applied to detect temporal changes in soil organic carbon stocks (SOC) across a carbon estimation area (CEA) with no prior knowledge of the spatial or temporal variance of SOC within the CEA. The report...

Risk management and climate change: the role of the financial services sector

The Climate Change and Risk Management: The Role of the Financial Services Sector Think Tank held on 5 December 2012 brought together members representing the financial sector, government and policy makers, climate scientists and academics to discuss the role the financial sector can play in...

A scoping assessment for a national research centre addressing land use and food security issues

This report proposes a Centre for Land Use and Land Resources to conduct an Australian program of work on agricultural land use and food security analysis, linked to international efforts. Summary Internationally, food security and the sustainability of productive land resources have been identified as...