Thermal environment

Indoor thermal environment
Thermal comfort


School microclimates

Based on empirical data collections, this report provides more than twenty practical recommendations on how to reduce the impacts of outdoor heat.
Conference paper

Enhancing thermal comfort and indoor air quality in Australian school classrooms

This paper illustrates the outcome of a field study on air quality and ventilation conducted in secondary school classrooms in Sydney, Australia, during the school year in 2018/2019.

Improving the thermal performance of dwellings for carbon positive and healthy homes

Energy consumption in the building sector is significant as people are spending a considerable amount of time indoors. The share of the residential sector’s energy consumption is around 11% of the total energy consumed in Australia to fulfil household energy requirements. The largest share of...

Advanced hybrid ventilation systems for schools

This project investigates hybrid solutions using enhanced ventilation in order to achieve indoor comfort conditions, reduce energy consumption and carbon emissions, and finally test it in a selected school building located in Sydney, which co-funded this project. In order to achieve this objective, the following...

Preliminary design of a smart climatic road in Phillip St. Parramatta

The present study is aiming to pre-design and optimize a smart climatic street in Parramatta, named Phillip st., exhibiting high climatic, environmental, and energy performance. The specific objective of the study is to propose, investigate, and optimize the combination of advanced thermal mitigation and smart...

Pursuing passive: strategies for a high comfort, low energy retrofit in NYC

Improving the performance of buildings must be a central component of any response to the challenges of climate change. This is both an imperative and an opportunity. Responding to climate change by aggressively improving the performance of the built environment will produce buildings that are...

The inner value of a building. Linking indoor environmental quality and energy performance in building regulation

An abundance of scientific studies points to evidence that indoor environmental quality (IEQ) has a direct effect on health, comfort, wellbeing and productivity. Considering that people spend a large amount of their time indoors, it is crucial that building legislation ensures sufficient levels of IEQ...

Cool schools

This report summarises current research in health and environmental sciences, planning policy, legislation and standards, sustainability education, and innovative design trends. Its purpose is to inform future research into student thermal comfort and cooling solutions for schools in Western Sydney and NSW.
Conference paper

Towards heat resilience in the built environment: case studies in Sydney, Melbourne and Adelaide

Thermally uncomfortable outdoor environments can significantly affect liveability of cities. Australia is likely to experience between 0.6 °C and 3.8 °C increase in temperature by the end of the 21st century. In warmer climates, increased demand for indoor air-conditioning results in higher energy demand and...
Conference paper

Urban wind comfort design guidelines: metrics, tools and application in Australian cities

This paper discussed urban specific wind patterns and their influence on urban liveability in Adelaide CBD. Possible urban wind comfort design guidelines are presented and discussed for application in Australian context.
Conference paper

Mitigating the urban heat island effect on social housing residents - the Cooling Communities project

During a period where global fossil fuel corporations and national governments such as Australia and the US continue to avoid or delay tackling global warming, cities and local governments have been increasingly showing leadership in both mitigation of, and adaptation to, climate change (Gleeson et...

Mainstreaming low carbon retrofits in social housing: summary of existing processes for upgrading and maintenance of social housing properties

This interim report provides an overview of the system in which Social Housing Providers currently operate in NSW plus the processes and practices employed to meet maintenance requirements.
Journal article

An evolutionary approach to single-sided ventilated façade design

A significant portion of the carbon and greenhouse gas emissions of residential buildings in Australia is associated with energy consumption for comfort and health.

Living well - apartments, comfort and resilience in climate change

This report has been produced by the University of Melbourne for the Australian Communities Foundation Green Cities Innovation Fund to document an international review on high-rise apartment building thermal performance and comfort in heat wave conditions. This identified four international standards that represent best practice...

Thinking about a sustainable retrofit? Here are three things to consider

Sitting at home in the summer heat, your mind may start to wander to that fancy new air conditioner. But when it comes to making your house comfortable and sustainable, prevention is better than cure. By prevention we mean simple retrofits that will set you...
Conference paper

Effects of indoor air temperature on blood pressure among nursing home residents in Japan

Purpose / Context – To quantify the relationship between indoor temperature and blood pressure in Japanese nursing home residents. Methodology / Approach – A field study of 27 nursing homes in Japan was conducted. We meas-ured the indoor temperature of nursing homes and collected data...
Conference paper

The role of simulation in improving the thermal comfort and energy performance of existing aged care facilities

Context - Minimum thermal performance standards for residential building envelopes have been increasing in many countries for several decades, addressing concerns about occupant comfort, operational costs and greenhouse gas emissions. Simulation tools play a role in assessing the space heating/cooling load of new buildings and...
Conference paper

Field measurements of indoor temperatures and blood pressure of elderly persons

Purpose / Context – To clarify the association between the indoor environment of residential build-ings and cerebrovascular disease, an epidemiological survey of elderly persons living in three areas of Japan that have different rates of death due to cerebrovascular disease was conducted. Methodology / Approach...
Conference paper

Thermal environment and thermal comfort in a passive residential building in the severe cold area of China

Purpose / Context - The outdoor climate in Harbin is more severely colder than German. Therefore, it is important to study indoor thermal environment and human thermal comfort in Harbin passive buildings by applying Germany technology. However, few studies were reported on this topic. Methodology...
Conference paper

Evaluation of domestic passive ventilation systems in mild climate region and hot humid region in Japan

Purpose / Context –The purpose of this study is to investigate indoor environment and energy saving performance of houses, which employ passive ventilation systems, built in mild climate region and hot humid region in Japan.
Conference paper

Thermal environment and thermal adaptation in residential buildings

Purpose / Context - The winter in the severe cold area of China is long and cold, with a long heating period. In recent years, the indoor air temperature during heating in residential buildings kept increas-ing. In order to study the thermal comfort and adaptation...
Conference paper

Research on rural heating design temperature based on residential behavior pattern

Purpose / Context - Rural heating design temperature is closely related to building thermal perfor-mance design, indoor plain layout and energy consumption. Methodology / Approach - Focus on residential behavior pattern, this paper studied the rural heat-ing design temperature based on the site research. Results...
Conference paper

Effects of night-time bedroom temperature on morning blood pressure during winter: A multilevel analysis

Purpose / Context – To analyse the association between night-time temperature in the bedroom and morning blood pressure (BP). Methodology / Approach - Data were obtained from field surveys conducted from November 2014 to March 2015 on indoor temperature, home BP, sleep, and personal attributes...
Conference paper

Study on association between indoor thermal environment of residential buildings and cerebrovascular disease in a cold climatic region of Japan

Purpose / Context - The aim of this study was to determine whether the quality of the indoor ther-mal environment during winter could increase the risk of cerebrovascular disease. Methodology / Approach - An epidemiological survey of approximately 200 elderly persons living in a cold...
Conference paper

Effect of phase change materials on indoor thermal comfort of a flat building located in different climate regions of China

Abstract In this research, the effect of phase change material (PCM) on indoor thermal comfortof a flat building located in five different climate regions of China was studied by an angle coefficient method and EnergyPlus. EnergyPlus was used to calculate temperatures of wall surfaces, and...