Life cycle greenhouse gas emissions


Journal article

Integrated BIM-based LCA for the entire building process using an existing structure for cost estimation in the Swiss context

The main objective of this study is to develop an integrated BIM-LCA method for the entire building process by relating it to an established workflow.
Journal article

Embodied GHG emissions of buildings – the hidden challenge for effective climate change mitigation

To meet climate-change mitigation needs, one must go beyond operational energy consumption and related greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions of buildings and address their full life cycle. Considering global GHG reduction targets, the results of this study emphasise the urgent need to reduce GHG emissions of...
Journal article

Evaluation of BIM-based LCA results for building design

Various tools that use a Building Information Modelling (BIM) model for automatic quantity take-off as a basis for Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) have been developed recently. This paper describes the first application of such a BIM-LCA tool to evaluate the embodied global warming potential (GWP)...

Carbon Value Engineering: integrated carbon and cost reduction strategies for building design

The Carbon Value Engineering project aims to maximise the reduction of embodied carbon in the built environment. Rather than proposing a new process for these reductions, it adapts the industry-standard practice of value engineering (VE) for integrated carbon and cost minimisation. The project set out...

Developing a framework for integrating life cycle environmental and economic assessment of buildings

There is growing concern about the effect that buildings are having on the environment. Mitigation strategies tend to focus on one life cycle stage, usually the operational stage, leaving the other life cycle stages, such as manufacturing and construction, largely ignored. The slow uptake of...

Consumption based greenhouse gas emissions of C40 cities

This report presents the methodology and results of a study investigating the consumption based greenhouse gas emissions (GHG) from 79 cities, carried out by the C40 Cities Climate Leadership Group (C40) in partnership with the University of Leeds (United Kingdom), the University of New South...

Consumption-based GHG emissions of C40 cities

This report presents the methodology and results of a study investigating the consumption-based greenhouse gas emissions (GHG) from 79 cities. To support evidence-based climate action planning, many cities have developed sector-based GHG inventories using standards such as the Global Protocol for Community-Scale Greenhouse Gas Emission...

Climate mitigation and adaptation in the ACT: costs, benefits and implications

This report analyses various measures under consideration by the ACT Government to address climate change by reducing greenhouse gas emissions (mitigation) and preparing for the physical impacts of climate change (adaptation). Mitigation measures are assessed against the 2030 emission reduction target range for the ACT-recommended...
Technical report

Level(s) – A common EU framework of core sustainability indicators for office and residential buildings (Part 3)

This document is the companion to parts 1 and 2 of the guidance on how to use Level(s). In part 1 a general introduction to Level(s) is provided, together with in Part 2 an overview of the macro-objectives, performance indicators and the three Levels of...
Draft report

Level(s) – A common EU framework of core sustainability indicators for office and residential buildings (Part 1 and 2)

Developed as a common EU framework of core indicators for the sustainability of office and residential buildings, Level(s) provides a set of indicators and common metrics for measuring the environmental performance of buildings along their life cycle. As well as environmental performance, which is the...
Journal article

Towards an integrated approach for evaluating both the life cycle environmental and financial performance of a building: a review

A building is responsible for the emission of a significant amount of greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions over the various stages of its life cycle. Industry and government have been primarily focused on assessing and implementing mitigation measures related to the operational GHG emissions of buildings...
Conference paper

Environmental sustainability of prefabricated modular residential buildings compared to traditional equivalent: two case studies in Perth, Australia

The share of prefabricated modular residential buildings in the Australian construction market is growing mainly because they are quicker to erect on-site than traditional construction, and often cheaper; but how about their carbon footprint and more particularly their thermal performance? To bring some light on...
Working paper

Identifying macro-objectives for the life cycle environmental performance and resource efficiency of EU buildings

This working paper brings together the findings of the first stage in this study, which focusses on the identification of 'macro-objectives' for the environmental performance of the EU building stock. This stage is intended to provide an initial 'top down' view of what the strategic...