This study measures the impact of Lean and VDC on waste in operations, and on GHG emissions of masonry partitions.
To meet climate-change mitigation needs, one must go beyond operational energy consumption and related greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions of buildings and address their full life cycle. Considering global GHG reduction targets, the results of this study emphasise the urgent need to reduce GHG emissions of...
Integrated BIM-based LCA for the entire building process using an existing structure for cost estimation in the Swiss context
The main objective of this study is to develop an integrated BIM-LCA method for the entire building process by relating it to an established workflow.
Various tools that use a Building Information Modelling (BIM) model for automatic quantity take-off as a basis for Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) have been developed recently. This paper describes the first application of such a BIM-LCA tool to evaluate the embodied global warming potential (GWP)...
The structure of this report is based on the CRCLCL RP3033 project activities which included:
This report features a specific analysis of the performance of electric cars and competing powertrain options in terms of greenhouse gas emissions over their life cycle.
The Carbon Value Engineering project aims to maximise the reduction of embodied carbon in the built environment. Rather than proposing a new process for these reductions, it adapts the industry-standard practice of value engineering (VE) for integrated carbon and cost minimisation. The project set out...
Towards an integrated approach for evaluating both the life cycle environmental and financial performance of a building: a review
A building is responsible for the emission of a significant amount of greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions over the various stages of its life cycle. Industry and government have been primarily focused on assessing and implementing mitigation measures related to the operational GHG emissions of buildings...
Highlights Biogas electricity is the single largest carbon offset for land-applied biosolids. This offset varies with primary-to-WAS ratio, SRT, sludge age and WWTP technology. Transport impacts are smaller than total fugitive GHG emissions in the plant. The fertiliser substitution offset depends on the use of...
Benchmarks for environmental impact of housing in Europe: Definition of archetypes and LCA of the residential building stock
This study describes the results of Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) applied to 24 statistically-based dwelling archetypes, representative of the EU housing stock in 2010. The aim is to quantify the average environmental impacts related to housing in Europe and to define reference values (baseline scenario)...