Who uses domestic, family, and sexual violence, how, and why?
This report provides a focused examination of violence perpetration, in order to enhance national efforts to end domestic, family and sexual violence.
Domestic and family violence perpetrator screening and risk assessment in Queensland: current practice and future opportunities
Following substantial domestic and family violence reforms in Australia in recent years, the identification of victim-survivors is increasingly embedded across service system responses. This paper presents a subset of findings from a larger national study of perpetrator focused screening and risk assessment practices.
Exploring the role of opportunity in recidivist child sexual offending
The aim of this study is to improve understanding of the role of opportunity in the offences against children perpetrated by alleged offenders who have already had contact with the criminal justice system.
Adverse childhood experiences among youth who offend
Results of this study confirm the high rates of co-occurring adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) in the developmental histories of male youth who encounter the youth justice system in Australia, especially among those who have perpetrated sexual harm.
Intimate Partner Abuse Solution programs
Intimate Partner Abuse Solution (IPAS) programs were first developed in the 1970s as diversion programs to prevent jail overcrowding. Researchers brought together experts with diverse perspectives and experiences related to conducting, evaluating and collaborating with IPAS programs, to identify a set of prioritised recommendations that...
Toward a socio-ecological understanding of adolescent violence in the home by young people with disability
Adolescent violence in the home (AVITH) describes a range of violent, abusive and intimidating behaviours used by young people against family members, most commonly parents and siblings. This report presents findings from Stage 1 of a larger project which aims to use multidisciplinary bodies of...
Exploring the onset, duration and temporal ordering of adverse childhood experiences in young people adjudicated for sexual offences: a longitudinal qualitative study
This study presents a sequential analysis of adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) over time, and introduces a data visualisation tool to examine the onset, duration and temporal ordering of those adversities experienced throughout one’s childhood and adolescence.
The use of restorative justice in family violence cases with a focus on the possibility of victims being coerced or controlled to participate by the persons who harmed them
This report explores the risk of victims being coerced or controlled by perpetrators through restorative justice processes in cases involving family violence.
Predicting prolific live streaming of child sexual abuse
Technologically-enabled crime has proliferated in recent years. One such crime type is the live streaming of child sexual abuse (CSA). This study employs a machine learning approach to better understand the characteristics of Australians who engaged with known facilitators of CSA live streaming in the...
Text mining police narratives for mentions of mental disorders in family and domestic violence events
In this paper, the authors describe the feasibility of using a text-mining method to generate new insights relating to family and domestic violence (FDV) from free-text police event narratives.
Reoffending among child sexual offenders
This study examines reoffending among 1,092 male offenders proceeded against for a child sexual offence in New South Wales between 2004 and 2013.
How does domestic violence escalate over time?
In this paper, the authors conclude that the disparity between studies using different data highlights the difficulty in determining whether escalation is in fact characteristic of abusive relationships. It is apparent that additional research, using different data and methods, is needed to explore this dimension...
The criminal career trajectories of domestic violence offenders
Domestic violence offending often forms part of a broader pattern of offending. This study examines the officially recorded criminal careers of 2,076 domestic violence offenders and 9,925 non-domestic violence offenders in New South Wales in the 10 years following their first police proceeding.
Gender norms and domestic abuse: evidence from Australia
This paper contributes to the growing literature on the effect of gender norms on social and economic outcomes. It expands on previous research on domestic violence, by considering both physical and emotional violence. The authors examine violence across the entire population, not just among disadvantaged...
Production and distribution of child sexual abuse material by parental figures
This report argues that there is a need for targeted research into the circumstances, patterns and dynamics of child sexual abuse material production perpetrated by parental figures, in order to inform strategies to prevent and detect offending parents.
Accurately identifying the “person most in need of protection” in domestic and family violence law
When police are called to an incident of domestic and family violence (DFV), one of their tasks under DFV law is to determine whether a party is in need of protection from future harm. This research project focused on identifying areas of improvement in police...
Behind closed doors: Adolescent Violence in the Home (AVITH) during COVID and challenges to come
This paper seeks to highlight the potential impacts of the COVID-19 pandemic on the use of violence by adolescents against their family members.
Enhancing evidence-based treatment of child sexual abuse material offenders: the development of the CEM-COPE Program
This paper describes the development of the CEM-COPE (Coping with Child Exploitation Material Use) Program.
The relationship between gambling and intimate partner violence against women
This qualitative study investigated the relationship between gambling and violence by men against their female intimate partners. It also found that further gambling-related harm (including economic abuse) is enabled by current protocols of gambling operators and financial institutions.
Seven years of elder abuse data in Victoria
With funding from the State Trustees Australia Foundation, in collaboration with Senior’s Rights Victoria, NARI researchers analysed seven years of data to better understand elder abuse in Victoria. This report presents the research findings.
“Growing to be a better person”: exploring the client–worker relationship in men’s behaviour change group work programs
This research project explores the perceptions of multiple stakeholders about how the client-worker relationship influences each man’s change in attitude and behaviour, as well as his engagement in men’s behaviour change programs (MBCPs).
The PIPA project: Positive Interventions for Perpetrators of Adolescent violence in the home (AVITH)
The overarching aim of the Positive Interventions for Perpetrators of Adolescent violence in the home (PIPA) project was to address a gap in knowledge concerning adolescent violence in the home (AVITH) —specifically, the initial legal response that adolescents and their families receive when their use...
Repeat domestic and family violence among young people
This study analysed Victoria Police reported incident data on almost 4,000 young people (aged 12–18) involved in domestic and/or family violence. The findings highlight the need for timely, targeted and graduated responses to domestic and family violence among young people.
Female perpetrated domestic violence: prevalence of self-defensive and retaliatory violence
Differences between male and female perpetrated domestic violence are widely acknowledged. However, there is a lack of Australian data on the circumstances of female perpetrated violence. The findings in this report highlight the different motivations for female perpetrated domestic violence, and the importance of understanding...
Predominant aggressor identification and victim misidentification: discussion paper
This discussion paper seeks to identify some of the factors that contribute to the misidentification of victims and limit the system’s capacity to identify and respond to predominant aggressors.