Perpetrator characteristics

NARROWER TERMS


Report

Exploring the role of opportunity in recidivist child sexual offending

The aim of this study is to improve understanding of the role of opportunity in the offences against children perpetrated by alleged offenders who have already had contact with the criminal justice system.
Report

Adverse childhood experiences among youth who offend

Results of this study confirm the high rates of co-occurring adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) in the developmental histories of male youth who encounter the youth justice system in Australia, especially among those who have perpetrated sexual harm.
Report

Intimate Partner Abuse Solution programs

Intimate Partner Abuse Solution (IPAS) programs were first developed in the 1970s as diversion programs to prevent jail overcrowding. Researchers brought together experts with diverse perspectives and experiences related to conducting, evaluating and collaborating with IPAS programs, to identify a set of prioritised recommendations that...
Report

Toward a socio-ecological understanding of adolescent violence in the home by young people with disability

Adolescent violence in the home (AVITH) describes a range of violent, abusive and intimidating behaviours used by young people against family members, most commonly parents and siblings. This report presents findings from Stage 1 of a larger project which aims to use multidisciplinary bodies of...
Report

Exploring the onset, duration and temporal ordering of adverse childhood experiences in young people adjudicated for sexual offences: a longitudinal qualitative study

This study presents a sequential analysis of adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) over time, and introduces a data visualisation tool to examine the onset, duration and temporal ordering of those adversities experienced throughout one’s childhood and adolescence.
Report

The use of restorative justice in family violence cases with a focus on the possibility of victims being coerced or controlled to participate by the persons who harmed them

This report explores the risk of victims being coerced or controlled by perpetrators through restorative justice processes in cases involving family violence.
Report

Predicting prolific live streaming of child sexual abuse

Technologically-enabled crime has proliferated in recent years. One such crime type is the live streaming of child sexual abuse (CSA). This study employs a machine learning approach to better understand the characteristics of Australians who engaged with known facilitators of CSA live streaming in the...
Report

Text mining police narratives for mentions of mental disorders in family and domestic violence events

In this paper, the authors describe the feasibility of using a text-mining method to generate new insights relating to family and domestic violence (FDV) from free-text police event narratives.
Report

Reoffending among child sexual offenders

This study examines reoffending among 1,092 male offenders proceeded against for a child sexual offence in New South Wales between 2004 and 2013.
Report

How does domestic violence escalate over time?

In this paper, the authors conclude that the disparity between studies using different data highlights the difficulty in determining whether escalation is in fact characteristic of abusive relationships. It is apparent that additional research, using different data and methods, is needed to explore this dimension...
Report

The criminal career trajectories of domestic violence offenders

Domestic violence offending often forms part of a broader pattern of offending. This study examines the officially recorded criminal careers of 2,076 domestic violence offenders and 9,925 non-domestic violence offenders in New South Wales in the 10 years following their first police proceeding.
Working paper

Gender norms and domestic abuse: evidence from Australia

This paper contributes to the growing literature on the effect of gender norms on social and economic outcomes. It expands on previous research on domestic violence, by considering both physical and emotional violence. The authors examine violence across the entire population, not just among disadvantaged...
Report

Production and distribution of child sexual abuse material by parental figures

This report argues that there is a need for targeted research into the circumstances, patterns and dynamics of child sexual abuse material production perpetrated by parental figures, in order to inform strategies to prevent and detect offending parents.
Report

Accurately identifying the “person most in need of protection” in domestic and family violence law

When police are called to an incident of domestic and family violence (DFV), one of their tasks under DFV law is to determine whether a party is in need of protection from future harm. This research project focused on identifying areas of improvement in police...
Discussion paper

Behind closed doors: Adolescent Violence in the Home (AVITH) during COVID and challenges to come

This paper seeks to highlight the potential impacts of the COVID-19 pandemic on the use of violence by adolescents against their family members.
Report

The relationship between gambling and intimate partner violence against women

This qualitative study investigated the relationship between gambling and violence by men against their female intimate partners. It also found that further gambling-related harm (including economic abuse) is enabled by current protocols of gambling operators and financial institutions.
Report

Seven years of elder abuse data in Victoria

With funding from the State Trustees Australia Foundation, in collaboration with Senior’s Rights Victoria, NARI researchers analysed seven years of data to better understand elder abuse in Victoria. This report presents the research findings.
Report

“Growing to be a better person”: exploring the client–worker relationship in men’s behaviour change group work programs

This research project explores the perceptions of multiple stakeholders about how the client-worker relationship influences each man’s change in attitude and behaviour, as well as his engagement in men’s behaviour change programs (MBCPs).
Report

The PIPA project: Positive Interventions for Perpetrators of Adolescent violence in the home (AVITH)

The overarching aim of the Positive Interventions for Perpetrators of Adolescent violence in the home (PIPA) project was to address a gap in knowledge concerning adolescent violence in the home (AVITH) —specifically, the initial legal response that adolescents and their families receive when their use...