Migrants



Briefing paper

Unlocking potential: addressing the economic participation of migrants and refugee women in Australia

This policy brief draws on research to develop a more robust evidence base to guide progress towards unlocking the economic potential of migrant and refugee women.
Report

Untapped potential: trends and disparities in the economic participation of migrant and refugee women in Australia

This report brings together information from a variety of sources specifically on the economic participation of migrant and refugee women. The research includes a review of the academic literature, as well as analyses of major data sources.
Guide

How the experiences and circumstances of culturally and linguistically diverse children and families influence child mental health

This paper explores how the experiences of children and families from culturally and linguistically diverse (CALD) backgrounds can affect child mental health. It looks specifically at the experiences of parents and children who migrated to Australia for non-humanitarian reasons, such as work, education or family.
Report

Understanding the rise in Channel crossings

The purpose of this paper is to promote research on the reasons for the increase in the rise of people crossing the English Channel by small boat, to help form a firmer basis for a humane and effective policy response.
Report

Reporting on the health of culturally and linguistically diverse populations in Australia: an exploratory paper

This report explores the use of linked data to report on the health of culturally and linguistically diverse (CALD) populations, including its benefits, challenges and limitations. It investigates each of the available CALD variables individually, using three health outcomes to explore differences between CALD groups...
Report

Report of the Inquiry into support for older Victorians from migrant and refugee backgrounds

Throughout this inquiry, the Committee heard about many barriers preventing culturally diverse older people from accessing the services they need when they need them. This report draws upon comprehensive evidence received from expert stakeholders and people with lived experience to make 61 findings and 76...
Working paper

Migration and firm-level productivity

Migration is an important element in the functioning of the world economy. As well as alleviating domestic labour shortages, migrant workers bring new knowledge and skills which can boost the productivity of the firms they work in. This paper examines how migrants contribute to productivity...
Journal article

Post-migration stressors and mental health for African migrants in South Australia: a qualitative study

We conducted a qualitative study involving African migrants (n = 20) and service providers (n = 10) in South Australia to explore mental health stressors, access to mental health services and how to improve mental health services for African migrant populations. This paper presents the...

Evaluation

'An oasis of integration in our country': evaluation of the Multicultural Enterprise Development Project

The Multicultural Enterprise Development Project was designed to assist people from refugee, humanitarian or culturally and linguistically diverse (CALD) backgrounds to improve their employment opportunities and social integration through targeted support. This report outlines the findings from an evaluation of the project.
Guide

Migrants in the Australian workforce: a guidebook for policy makers

The COVID crisis highlights how important migrant workers are to the Australian economy, yet the role migrants play in the jobs market is poorly understood. This guidebook seeks to fill that knowledge gap so policy-makers can reform the system to supercharge the economic benefits of...
Report

Migration and the future of care: supporting older people and care workers

This report analyses the intersection between the older persons’ care sector and migration. The report concludes with recommendations to policy-makers in high-income, rapidly ageing countries that are struggling with these issues.
Report

The efficacy, fairness, timeliness and costs of the processing and granting of visa classes which provide for or allow for family and partner reunions

A key recommendation in this inquiry report is for the Department of Home Affairs to develop a long-term strategy to update its system for the processing of visas, and to improve its efficiency, reduce its complexities, reduce waiting times substantially, and to provide greater transparency...
Report

Understanding what attracts new residents to smaller cities

This research examines key drivers of migration flows and settlement patterns across Australia, and identifies key barriers to and opportunities for greater population decentralisation.
Report

Migrant pay gap

This report shows the existence of pay inequality in New Zealand between those migrants born in Asia and other developing regions, compared with migrants from Europe, South Africa and the United States.
Journal article

Variation in seeking care for cardiovascular disease and ambulance utilization among migrants in Australia: Time, Ethnicity, and Delay (Ted) study III

Insight into differences in seeking medical care for chest pain among migrant populations is limited. This study aimed to determine ethnic differences in seeking care behaviors and using ambulances among migrants compared to an Australian-born group. A total of 607 patients presenting with chest pain...

Report

Growing ocean people

This report discusses the mismatch between labour supply and demand in the New Zealand seafood sector and provides recommendations for resolving the problem.
Working paper

The lifetime fiscal impact of the Australian permanent migration program

The Fiscal Impact of New Australians model (FIONA) has been developed by the Treasury to estimate the fiscal impact of permanent migrants over their remaining lifetimes in Australia. This paper presents the methodological approach used in FIONA, along with the main modelling results.
Report

Lives in limbo: the experiences of migrant workers navigating Australia’s unsettling migration system

This report draws upon over 700 surveys and 50 in-depth interviews with temporary visa holders revealing a broken migration system that sets workers up for exploitation and perpetual uncertainty.
Report

Settlement interrupted: the lasting impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on newly arrived young people in Victoria

This report illustrates how the extended lockdowns of 2020 and 2021, and the broader pandemic, have presented significant interruptions to the settlement process, with implications for young people’s longer-term participation and wellbeing.
Report

Helping hands: understanding Vietnamese offenders in Victoria

The Vietnamese community is the largest refugee community in Australia. This report is the outcome of a pilot project on Vietnamese offenders conducted in Victoria in 2020–2021.
Working paper

Immigration policy: international perspectives

This paper explores the comparative decision-making structures and governance arrangements surrounding immigration policy around the world.
Report

Community-led culture-centered prevention of family violence and sexual violence

This report presents findings from research into the primary prevention needs of diverse communities to address family violence and sexual violence (FVSV).
Report

Senate Select Committee on Temporary Migration: final report

This inquiry was initiated to examine the impact temporary migration has on the Australian economy, wages and jobs, social cohesion and workplace rights and conditions. The primary recommendation stemming from this inquiry is that a comprehensive review be undertaken of Australia's visa system, with the...
Journal article

The impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on delivery of services to CALD communities in Australia

This policy briefing paper is presented as part of an Australian Research Linkage Project on mapping social services in multicultural communities, where one of its key objectives is to understand the experiences of service delivery and provision modes to culturally and linguistically diverse (CALD) communities.
Research Summary

Addressing racism and its health impacts on children and young people: research summary

This paper focuses on Australian data collected in the last five years (2016–2020) and underscores the high prevalence of racial discrimination experienced by children and young people from Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander backgrounds, and from some ethnic minority groups.