Urban heat islands



Conference paper

Urban design solutions for ameliorating urban heat island in Ipswich, Queensland

This study aimed at providing evidence-based analysis of how the existing urban design affects street microclimates in key areas of Ipswich, including two in the city centre and one in a recently developed suburb on the southern part of Ipswich .
Conference paper

Exploratory study of a systems approach to improving microclimates in public spaces and reducing heat-health risks

By applying a systems theory lens to bioclimatic urban design this paper explores how urban design can reduce heat in the urban environment
Journal article

Integrating shade provision into the healthy built environment agenda: the approach taken in NSW, Australia

This paper details the approach and progress being made by the cross-sectoral Shade Working Goup (SWG) across health and the built environment to embed natural and built quality shade provision in places used by the community in New South Wales (NSW), Australia.
Report

Temperature check: greening Australia's warming cities

Australia has always been a country with extreme weather events. This report presents evidence that strong action to increase urban vegetation will become imperative in our three largest cities to reduce serious heatwave impacts by 2060–2080, even with strong climate action.
Report

The impact of surface cover and tree canopy on air temperature in Western Sydney

Increasing summer temperatures and urban development in Western Sydney present key challenges for contemporary planning. This research shows that increasing the area of hard surfaces and buildings leads to warming while increasing the area of open spaces and tree canopy leads to cooling.
Report

Beating the heat - cooling canopies for community resilience

Documenting canopy coverage and identifying suitable climate change resilient street tree species, this project will contribute to cooler localised urban environments, increasing community resilience in heat events and raise awareness of climate change resilience within the community.
Report

Cooling common spaces in densifying urban environments

This research takes up the challenge of promoting a new approach to thinking about urban liveability in warming cities, with two principles at its core. First, asking how open space can be planned for ‘coolth’ defined as the experience of feeling manageably comfortable in a...
Report

Benchmarking summer heat across Penrith, New South Wales

This report documents variation of summer temperatures across Penrith, in Western Sydney. Between 14 December 2019 and 31 March 2020, more than 1.4 million measurements of air temperatures were collected using 120 data loggers.
Conference paper

The urban heat island in Australian city planning

Extreme heat associated with the Urban Heat Island (UHI) and future climate change will have a disproportional geographic and demographic impact across a city. This research investigates Australian cities' strategic plans for heat reduction to maintain their liveability towards heat stress from the UHI effect.
Systematic review

Best practice techniques for urban cooling in Australian climate zones

The main objective of this rapid systematic review is to provide an international literature review of best practice techniques for urban cooling for the major climate zones in Australia.
Report

Killer heat in the United States: climate choices and the future of dangerously hot days

This analysis provides a view of how extreme heat events caused by dangerous combinations of temperature and humidity are likely to become more frequent and widespread in the United States over this century.
Strategy

Cooling Sydney Strategy: planning for Sydney 2050

This strategy provides urban overheating mitigation recommendations to support the strategic planning of Sydney 2050 based on in-depth research conducted by the Cooperative Research Centre for Low Carbon Living (CRCLCL) and the University of New South Wales (UNSW).
Report

Canopy tree planting in residential areas

Recommendations within this report aim to implement actions to achieve improvements in the urban climate by improving the canopy cover in the private realm.
Video

Towards zero carbon: cooling our cities

Since its launch in 2012, the CRCLCL has worked closely with industry and government to generate an authoritative body of research to help keep Australian cities cool.
Technical report

Microclimate and urban heat island mitigation decision-support tool (project short report)

This project was carried out by UNSW Sydney and Swinburne University in collaboration with government and industry partners. This report briefly outlines the achievements of the project, incorporating several previously published reports and case studies in addition to two new case studies in Parramatta and...
Strategy

Living Melbourne: our metropolitan urban forest

This document outlines a bold new strategy for a greener, more liveable Melbourne. It presents a vision of international significance in its massive scale, its outstanding collaboration, and its use of new and innovative mapping technology.
Report

Preliminary design of a smart climatic road in Phillip St. Parramatta

The present study is aiming to pre-design and optimize a smart climatic street in Parramatta, named Phillip st., exhibiting high climatic, environmental, and energy performance. The specific objective of the study is to propose, investigate, and optimize the combination of advanced thermal mitigation and smart...
Report

Sydney’s third city – final report

Overheating of cities is causing serious energy, environmental and health problems and it has a serious impact on the whole economic and cultural life of cities. To counterbalance the impact of high urban temperatures several mitigation technologies have been proposed, developed and implemented. Monitoring of...
Policy report

Policy recommendations to increase urban heat stress resilience

This policy note integrates multidisciplinary policy recommendations that could mitigate the numerous negative impacts of heatwaves on public health, urban infrastructure and services through adaptation to heatwaves.
Fact sheet

Mitigating urban heat with green spaces

As cities grapple with the impacts of heatwaves, exacerbated by the urban heat island effect and amplified by climate change impacts, green spaces can cool urban areas, as well as provide health and wellbeing benefits to city dwellers and habitat for biodiversity.