Machine learning

ALTERNATIVE LABELS
Artificial neural networks
Deep learning
Neural network modelling
NARROWER TERMS
Report

The new machinery of government: using machine technology in administrative decision-making

The NSW Government’s first digital strategy spoke of the need for government to be ‘digital by design’ and ‘digital by default'. This report is about the shift toward machine technologies, a term used for the broad range of digital and data enabled systems and processes...
Report

Government by algorithm: artificial Intelligence in Federal Administrative Agencies

Artificial intelligence (AI) promises to transform how government agencies do their work. This report offers three perspectives of federal agency use of AI:
Position paper

Autonomous weapons systems: New Zealand policy position and approach for international engagement

This document seeks Cabinet agreement on New Zealand's policy position on autonomous weapons systems.
Report

Facial recognition technology: responsible use principles and the legislative landscape

The rapid development of facial recognition technology requires an exploration of how to use it responsibly, complemented in this report by an overview of the current legislative landscape in the United States.
Report

Facing the risk

Thanks to a decade of rapid progress in the field of computer vision, facial recognition technology (FRT) has become a commercial product available to almost any government or business in the world. This report examines how operators and policymakers can craft an appropriate and tailored...
Briefing paper

Training product similarity analysis

This paper outlines the methodology used in the exploratory analysis of the similarity of VET courses across and within training packages in Australia. The analysis employed natural language processing to calculate similarity scores for each national VET qualification to all other qualifications across all training...
Report

Tools for trustworthy AI: a framework to compare implementation tools for trustworthy AI systems

This report presents a framework for comparing tools and practices to implement trustworthy artificial intelligence (AI) systems as set out in the OECD AI Principles. The framework aims to help collect, structure and share information, knowledge and lessons learned to date on tools, practices and...
Briefing paper

How does facial recognition work? A primer

As policy-makers consider how to regulate facial recognition, it is important that their efforts be grounded in fact. This report provides an examination of how the technology works and how to understand questions about its performance and operation.
Report

State of implementation of the OECD AI Principles

This is the first report on the state of implementation of the policy recommendations to governments contained in the OECD Principles on Artificial Intelligence (AI) adopted in May 2019.
Report

Somebody might hear us: emerging communications security technologies

This report outlines the principles of secure communication, and uses some examples of emerging technologies to illustrate what the next generation of secure communications might look like.
Report

Digital barriers to economic justice in the wake of COVID-19

This report identifies three major digital barriers to economic justice arising from the COVID-19 pandemic—the collapse of benefits automation, expanded workplace and school surveillance, and the digital profiling of economic distress. The report uses a data justice framework to suggest how policy-makers might mitigate the...
Working paper

Using census, social security and tax data from the Multi-Agency Data Integration Project (MADIP) to impute the complete Australian income distribution

The synthetic income measure developed in this project provides a robust measure of income levels and dynamics for a very large sample of Australian adults, and if analysed carefully, can help support our understanding of access to economic resources in Australia and how it varies...
Report

Facial recognition technology in New Zealand

The research shows that Facial Recognition Technology (FRT) is increasing in usage in Aotearoa and comparable countries. It is used across sectors including government departments, policing, banking, travel, security, and customer tracking. In this report, the authors argue that if regulation gaps aren't plugged soon...
Technical report

Using artificial intelligence to make decisions: addressing the problem of algorithmic bias

This report explores how the problem of algorithmic bias can arise in decision making that uses artificial intelligence (AI). This problem can produce unfair and potentially unlawful decisions.
Journal article

Deep learning in the construction industry: a review of present status and future innovations

The construction industry is known to be overwhelmed with resource planning, risk management and logistic challenges which often result in design defects, project delivery delays, cost overruns and contractual disputes. The overall aim of this article was to review existing studies that have applied deep...
Journal article

Neuro-fuzzy systems in construction engineering and management research

Neuro-fuzzy systems (NFS) can explicitly represent and model the input–output relationships of complex problems and non-linear systems, like those inherent in real-world construction engineering and management (CEM) problems. This paper contributes three things previously lacking in CEM literature.
Report

Cyber information sharing: building collective security

Over the past 10 years, significant strides have been made in facilitating better cyber information cooperation and sharing, including the emergence of a number of different operating models. This report examines barriers to the progress of greater information that will support the security and resilience...
Guide

Poverty lawgorithms

Automated decision-making systems make decisions about our lives, and those with low-socioeconomic status often bear the brunt of the harms these decisions cause. This guide explains automated decision-making systems so lawyers can better identify the source of their clients' problems and advocate on their behalf.
Report

The robots are NOT coming (and why that’s a bad thing …)

This research shows that Australia’s economy is now regressing in its use of new technology, with negative implications for productivity, incomes, and job quality. The report's findings contrast sharply with the common concern that robots and other forms of automation will threaten future job security...
Discussion paper

Artificial intelligence, ethics, equity and higher education: a ‘beginning-of-the-discussion’ paper

The intention of the paper is to equip stakeholders with talking points to prompt informed and sustained dialogue on how artificial intelligence (AI) might be used for good, and for what it’s good for, and importantly, to consider where it should not be used at...