Autonomous computer systems
The ARC Centre of Excellence for Automated Decision-Making and Society (ADM+S) brings together universities, industry, government, and the community to support the development of responsible, ethical and inclusive automated decision-making. ADM+S draws on the humanities, social and technological sciences. Our research is designed to expand...
Navigating AI: analysis and guidance on the use and adoption of AI
Dean Grandy, Dhruw Joshi, Samantha Kwong, Paul Fitzgerald, Amanda Heather
This report provides a deepened understanding of the artificial intelligence (AI) regulatory landscape globally and within Australia, and the need to continue to progress a conversation around appropriate regulation.
The lobbying ghost in the machine
This report identifies the lobby attempts of large United States tech corporations to influence the European Union’s regulation of artificial intelligence. It finds that 'big tech' has pushed all its levers to water down the regulation.
Trust in artificial intelligence: a global study
Ali Akbari, James Mabbott, Rita Fentener van Vlissingen, Jessica Wyndham, Richard Boele
This research examines the public’s trust and attitudes towards artificial intelligence (AI) use across 17 countries. The study asked about who is trusted to develop, use and govern AI, the perceived benefits and risks of AI use, community expectations of the development, regulation and governance...
Our future world: global megatrends impacting the way we live over coming decades
This report presents an update on CSIRO’s global megatrends out to 2042, with the view to guide long-term investment, strategic and policy directions across government, industry, the not-for-profit sector and the broader Australian community.
AI-deploying organizations are key to addressing ‘perfect storm’ of AI risks
This paper argues that a perfect storm of five conditions heightens the risk of harm to society from artificial intelligence. To prevent harm, fit-for-purpose regulation and public AI literacy programs have been recommended, but education and government regulation will not be sufficient.
Towards just and resilient supply chains for a digital CBD
Just and resilient supply chains are fundamental to the development of a digital CBD. In order to build digital cities, digital supply chains need to be built first. This report examines the challenges and opportunities through web3 technology to build more resilient, secure and just...
The promise of TradeTech: policy approaches to harness trade digitalization
The interplay of technologies and trade is not new. This publication explores how trade agreements could be a viable channel to advance the adoption of digital technologies and applications and to prevent a fragmented technological environment by encouraging international regulatory cooperation and by promoting regulatory...
The action plan for critical technologies
This plan demonstrates the Australian government’s tangible actions to protect and promote critical technologies.
Blueprint for critical technologies
This resource outlines the Australian government’s framework for capitalising on critical technologies to drive a technologically-advanced, future-ready nation.
Proposal for a Regulation laying down harmonised rules on artificial intelligence
The European Commission has proposed the first ever legal framework on AI, which addresses the risks of AI and positions Europe to play a leading role globally. It aims to address risks of specific uses of AI, categorising them into 4 different levels: unacceptable risk...
New tech applications for regulatory outcomes: occasional paper
This paper considers developments in the use of Regulatory Technology (RegTech), including its application in the communications and media sector. This research is intended to ensure the ACMA, as Australia’s communication and media regulator, is aware of current and emerging developments.
A method for ethical AI in Defence
To explore how to achieve ethical artificial intelligence (AI) in Defence, a workshop was held in Canberra from 30 July to 1 August 2019 with 104 people from 45 organisations in attendance. The workshop was designed to elicit evidence-based hypotheses regarding ethical AI from a...
Governing live automated facial recognition systems for policing in England and Wales
The use of live automated facial recognition (AFR) systems in England and Wales for law enforcement purposes has been the subject of criticism concerning the inadequacy of governance of the technology. This working paper contributes to public policy literature on technology governance, exploring governance through...
Achieving trustworthy AI
Artificial intelligence (AI) is reshaping the competitive landscape across all sectors of the economy, bringing significant business and societal benefits as well as emerging risks to people. This report provides an integrative model for organisations looking to design and deploy trustworthy AI systems.
Trust in artificial intelligence: Australian insights
Artificial Intelligence (AI) is the cornerstone technology of the Fourth Industrial Revolution and is enabling rapid innovation with many potential benefits for Australian society. This national survey is the first to take a deep dive into answering this question and understanding community trust and expectations...
Technology and power: understanding issues of insecure work and technological change in Australian workplaces
Mapping existing trends and concerns held by workers across a diverse range of industries, this submission discusses workplace technologies in the context of different labour processes and employment relationships.
From concentrated vulnerability to distributed lethality — or how to get more maritime bang for the buck with our offshore patrol vessels
This report proposes a way for the Australian government to acquire maritime war-fighting capability quickly and affordably while promoting Australian industry and the continuous Naval Shipbuilding Program.
Accelerating autonomy: autonomous systems and the Tiger helicopter replacement
The benefits of autonomous systems on the modern battlefield have been widely recognised, yet the Australian Defence Force has only slowly adopted them. This report recommends how Defence can jump start the transition to greater use of autonomous systems.
A new Sino-Russian high-tech partnership
This paper is intended to start an initial mapping and exploration of the expanding cooperative ecosystem involving Moscow and Beijing. It will be important to track the trajectory and assess the implications of these Sino-Russian technological collaborations, given the risks and threats that could result...
The effective and ethical development of artificial intelligence: an opportunity to improve our wellbeing
Placing society at the core of artificial intelligence (AI) development, this report analyses the opportunities, challenges and prospects that AI technologies present, and explores considerations such as workforce, education, human rights and our regulatory environment.
The future is ours: women, automation and equality in the digital age
Automation – or the substitution of labour for capital – has triggered dystopian visions of mass joblessness, as well as utopian visions of a world with no work. This paper argues that automation presents an opportunity to narrow gender inequalities, and sets out four propositions...
No hands on deck: US and Australian progress in autonomous warfare at sea
This paper argues that as competition with China intensifies, future unmanned warfare can address key strategic and anti-access challenges for the United States, Australia and like-minded partners in the Indo-Pacific.
Prototype warfare, innovation and the fourth industrial age
The fourth industrial revolution involves the continuous and cyclical flow of information and actions between the physical and digital worlds. This revolution can potentially create a hyper-connected defence-industry-research-academia ecosystem able to continually innovate.
Why autonomous vehicles won’t reduce our dependence on cars in cities
While public transport remains marginalised in policy and practice, private cars will continue to dominate the way we travel.