Belt and Road Initiative (BRI)


Debunking the myth of ‘debt-trap diplomacy’: how recipient countries shape China’s Belt and Road Initiative

China is often said to be pursuing ‘debt-trap diplomacy’: luring poor, developing countries into agreeing unsustainable loans to pursue infrastructure projects so that, when they experience financial difficulty, Beijing can seize the asset, thereby extending its strategic or military reach. This paper demonstrates that the...

The state of Victoria and China’s Belt and Road Initiative: where does it leave Victorians?

The COVID-19 pandemic has ignited new debate on China’s flagship foreign policy, the Belt and Road Initiative (BRI). Against the official position of the Australian federal government, the state of Victoria has recently signed on.

Assessing the Quad: prospects and limitations of quadrilateral cooperation for advancing Australia's interests

There is growing agreement between Australia, India, Japan and the United States that as China rises in Asia, the rules-based order needs strengthening and defending; but does the revived Security Quadrilateral Dialogue have any real prospect of rebalancing relationships in the region? Lavina Lee explains.
Briefing paper

Mobilizing the Indo-Pacific infrastructure response to China’s Belt and Road Initiative in Southeast Asia

This policy brief makes several practical recommendations that would allow the trilateral partners to compete more effectively with China while simultaneously promoting more sustainable development outcomes.

A cautious new approach: China's growing trilateral aid cooperation

This publication examines a little-known dimension of China’s foreign policy: trilateral aid cooperation.

Competing to win: a coalition approach to countering the BRI

This report argues that the time has come for the United States and its allies and partners to form a coalition of like-minded states to compete with China’s Belt and Road Initiative (BRI), in order to counter the geopolitical advantages Beijing is accruing.

The testing ground: China’s rising influence in Southeast Asia and regional responses

This paper examines China’s foreign policy toward Southeast Asia in the context of its neighborhood diplomacy more broadly. The paper also discusses China’s relations with the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) and individual Southeast Asian countries, focusing on Indonesia and Vietnam.

China’s new concept of global governance and action plan for international cooperation

This paper argues that China and Canada share many views and interests regarding global governance, in particular on the issues of sustainable development and reforming the existing global governance institutions. However, the differences in ideology, domestic politics and stage of development may constrain the depth...

Navigating the Belt and Road Initiative

This report’s findings and recommendations were presented in Beijing directly, but privately, to a diverse group of Chinese policymakers, finance and development officials, scholars, and business leaders in March 2019, during preparations for the Second Belt and Road Forum (April 26–29).

Ocean of debt? Belt and Road and debt diplomacy in the Pacific

This analysis reviews the evidence surrounding China’s debt practices in the Pacific and the extent to which they have contributed to rising debt sustainability risks in the region.