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Totalitarian systems

NARROWER TERMS


Policy report

The architecture of repression: unpacking Xinjiang’s governance

This project maps and analyses the governance mechanisms employed by the Chinese Communist Party-state in Xinjiang from 2014 to 2021 within the context of the region’s ongoing human rights crisis. For policy-makers, this report will provide an evidence base to inform policy responses including possible...
Report

Xi dreams of 100 more glorious years for the Party: might China awake?

The Chinese Communist Party is at the peak of its power as it enters its second century. This paper examines its evolution over the last 100 years, before turning to its centenary celebrations in July 2021, with Xi Jinping at the helm.
Book

China Story yearbook 2020: crisis

The 2020 edition of the China Story yearbook examines the downward-spiralling Sino-Australian relationship, the difficult ‘co-morbidities’ of China’s relations with the US, the end of ‘One Country, Two Systems’ in Hong Kong, the simmering border conflict with India, and the rise of pandemic-related anti-Chinese racism.
Report

Strange bedfellows on Xinjiang: the CCP, fringe media and US social media platforms

This report explores how the Chinese Communist Party (CCP), fringe media and pro-CCP online actors seek to shape and influence international perceptions of the Chinese Government’s human rights abuses in Xinjiang, including through the amplification of disinformation.
Report

Trigger warning: the CCP’s coordinated information effort to discredit the BBC

This report provides a snapshot of the Chinese Communist Party's coordinated response targeting the BBC, and also analyses some of the secondary effects of this propaganda effort by exploring the mobilisation of a pro-CCP Twitter network.
Policy report

The influence environment

This report is based on detailed research into 24 Chinese-language media organisations operating in Australia, analysis of their coverage of events, and investigations into the Chinese Communist Party's (CCP's) efforts to influence media in this country.
Report

The elite embrace

This paper traces the elitist evolution of the Chinese Communist Party (CCP) under leader, Xi Jinping, before examining the gap between Party elites and the masses. The author then outlines how China courts foreign elites, arguing that many Australian corporate, university, state and local government...
Report

Digital authoritarianism, China and COVID

This paper argues that the onus is on democracies to do more to counter the harmful aspects of China’s global technology agenda, and to find ways to harness technology, including artificial intelligence, for the global public good, while preserving hard-won democratic rights and liberties.
Report

Xi’s UN speech: when rhetoric did not meet reality

General Secretary Xi Jinping’s speech on the occasion of the seventy-fifth anniversary of the founding of the United Nations is a classic example of the Chinese Communist Party’s doublespeak. Almost every statement was hypocritical when examined in light of such CCP actions as the suppression...
Policy report

Cultural erasure: tracing the destruction of Uyghur and Islamic spaces in Xinjiang

The Chinese state has long sought to ‘transform’ and ‘civilise’ Xinjiang, but Xi Jinping and his lieutenants bring a new sense of urgency to this colonialist project. Under the guise of combating perceived ‘religious extremism’ and promoting ‘inter-ethnic mingling’, Chinese officials are slowly but systematically...
Report

Out of control: failing EU laws for digital surveillance export

This report gives evidence of the gaps in the current European Union (EU) export regulation framework for digital surveillance technologies and provides the EU institutions and its member states with actionable recommendations to improve the protections of human rights.
Report

China’s deep state: the Communist Party and the coronavirus

As this paper argues, China’s failures in the early stages of the crisis, and in the overseas propaganda campaign it later mounted, were baked into the Chinese Communist Party (CCP) system. So too was the extraordinary mobilisation of the country’s resources to enforce lockdowns and...
Policy report

Genomic surveillance: inside China’s DNA dragnet

The Chinese Government is building the world’s largest police-run DNA database in close cooperation with key industry partners across the globe. Yet, unlike the managers of other forensic databases, Chinese authorities are deliberately enrolling tens of millions of people who have no history of serious...
Policy report

Retweeting through the great firewall

This report analyses a persistent, large-scale influence campaign linked to Chinese state actors on Twitter and Facebook. This activity largely targeted Chinese-speaking audiences outside of the Chinese mainland (where Twitter is blocked) with the intention of influencing perceptions on key issues, including the Hong Kong...
Policy report

The party speaks for you

This paper dissects the Chinese Communist Party’s (CCP's) united front system and its role in foreign interference. It describes the broad range of agencies and goals of the united front system, rather than focusing only on the United Front Work Department (UFWD).
Book

The AI powered state: China's approach to public sector innovation

This collection of essays aim to give policymakers a deeper understanding of how China is innovating with artificial intelligence (AI) in public services, challenging current misconceptions and illuminating nuances in the debate.
Report

How Xi Jinping’s “New Era” should have ended U.S. debate on Beijing’s ambitions

What kind of global power does China want to be? Communist Party leader Xi Jinping's 2017 speech to the 19th Party Congress should have ended the debate about Beijing’s ambitions, argues Freeman Chair Senior Associate Daniel Tobin.
Discussion paper

Demonising China during COVID-19

This papers argues that much of the corona virus ‘blame game’, including the Australian government’s call for an international independent inquiry into China’s actions, is misguided and self-interested.
Policy report

Uyghurs for sale

China has attracted international condemnation for its network of extrajudicial ‘re-education camps’ in Xinjiang. This report exposes a new phase in China’s social re-engineering campaign targeting minority citizens, revealing new evidence that some factories across China are using forced Uyghur labour under a state-sponsored labour...
Policy report

A new Sino-Russian high-tech partnership

This paper is intended to start an initial mapping and exploration of the expanding cooperative ecosystem involving Moscow and Beijing. It will be important to track the trajectory and assess the implications of these Sino-Russian technological collaborations, given the risks and threats that could result...