An inclusive future? Technology, new dynamics, and policy challenges
This report addresses questions related to technology’s implications for inequality and to the policy agenda to promote more inclusive economic growth and development from technological advances.
Rethinking redundancy for the automation age
Automation is changing the way we work. While new innovations are essential to improve productivity, often the incorporation of new tech into workplaces pushes Australians out of work – sometimes permanently. This report explores how overdue reforms to Australia’s redundancy framework can provide a smoother...
Labour market impacts of technology change
The aim of this research is to explore the impacts of automation in the New Zealand labour market.
Are new technologies changing the nature of work? The evidence so far
This study illustrates that, although recent advances in automation technologies have affected what workers do on the job and which occupations they work in, the overall changes are not substantive.
Mapping career causeways: supporting workers at risk
The COVID-19 pandemic has wreaked havoc with labour markets, and risks causing widespread worker displacement in the worst affected sectors. This disruption has thrown into sharp relief the lack of timely and detailed careers advice for workers. This report aims to fill that information gap...
The demographics of automation in Canada: who is at risk?
Just a few years ago, policy-makers became concerned about the prospect of many job-related tasks being automated using advances in robotics and artificial intelligence. In this study, Statistics Canada researchers, Marc Frenette and Kristyn Frank, break new ground, by examining the demographic and employment characteristics...
Behind the headline number: why not to rely on Frey and Osborne’s predictions of potential job loss from automation
In 2013, Oxford's University's Carl Benedict Frey and Michael Osborne predicted that 47% of jobs in the United States were at “high risk” of automation over the next 10 to 20 years. The authors of this paper argue that these predictions are not reliable and...
The future of work in America: people and places, today and tomorrow
This report analyzes more than 3,000 US counties and 315 cities and finds they are on sharply different paths. Automation is not happening in a vacuum, and the health of local economies today will affect their ability to adapt and thrive in the face of...
How computerisation is transforming jobs: evidence from the European Working Conditions Survey
This paper investigates changes in the task content, methods and tools of European jobs from 1995 to 2015. Drawing on the taxonomy of tasks proposed by Bisello and Fernández-Macías (2016), this work tries to better understand whether changes in the average intensity of tasks performance...
The future of work? Work of the future! On how artificial intelligence, robotics and automation are transforming jobs and the economy in Europe
This report explores the policy choices that AI and robotisation present for the future of labour and puts forward recommendations on addressing these choices. The new digital technologies will have different impacts on jobs in the short and longer term. To grasp the full story...
Technology scenario: employment implications of radical automation
This report looks into the impact of the accelerated application of automation and digitisation technologies on the wage and tasks structure of employment in Europe.
Let's get 'skills secure': closing the gaps in Canada's lifelong education system
Canada’s labour market will not have the skilled workers it needs unless it changes the way it trains workers today, argues this report. The country needs to change its approach to education, training and skills development in order to close the skills gap.
Skills forecast: trends and challenges to 2030
The European labour market is challenged by changes in the demographic composition of the labour force and by increasing work complexities and processes.
Perceptions of job security in Australia
Using data on Australian households over time, this article finds that workers' perceptions of their own job security have declined in recent years. These weaker job security perceptions have provided a small drag on wage growth.
Advanced industrial robotics: taking human-robot collaboration to the next level
This study provides insights into the actions and strategies of public and private stakeholders in Advanced Industrial Robotics (AIR). Trade unions, but also some politicians and governments, express some degree of reluctance to the ever-increasing use of AIR and automation in general.
The future of work we want: a global dialogue
This report presents a short summary of the International Labour Organization’s (ILO’s) Global Dialogue on “The Future of Work We Want”, which brought together leading economists, academics and representatives from governments and social partners (employers’ and workers’ organizations) to discuss the profound changes sweeping through...
Industrial biotechnology: changes in supply chains and skills needs
Industrial biotechnology (IB) increasingly shows its potential to disrupt European manufacturing industries, notably by overthrowing existing supply chains and dependencies. IB also introduces new production technologies that allow for materials with added functionality. The main purpose of the study is to better understand, and allow...
Policies to expand digital skills for the Machine Age
A new technological epoch is underway – the so-called Machine Age – reflecting advances in artificial intelligence, digitalisation and Big Data. Some commentators have claimed that this epoch is different from previous ones in that it will produce large-scale technological unemployment, while others argue the...
Reskilling for the fourth industrial revolution: formulating a European strategy
The current wave of digital transformation is rapidly changing industrial production processes. The Internet of Things, cloud computing and other innovations facilitate a more software-driven, individual and efficient way of producing goods and services. And it presents a formidable challenge to EU policymakers, since only...
How computer automation affects occupations: technology, jobs, and skills
This paper investigates basic relationships between technology and occupations. Building a general occupational model, I look at detailed occupations since 1980 to explore whether computers are related to job losses or other sources of wage inequality. Occupations that use computers grow faster, not slower. This...
Racing with or against the machine? Evidence from Europe
A fast-growing literature shows that technological change is replacing labor in routine tasks, raising concerns that labor is racing against the machine. This paper is the first to estimate the labor demand effects of routine-replacing technological change (RRTC) for Europe as a whole and at...
Where machines could replace humans - and where they can't (yet)
As automation technologies such as machine learning and robotics play an increasingly great role in everyday life, their potential effect on the workplace has, unsurprisingly, become a major focus of research and public concern. The discussion tends toward a Manichean guessing game: which jobs will...
The risk of automation for jobs in OECD countries: a comparative analysis
In recent years, there has been a revival of concerns that automation and digitalisation might after all result in a jobless future. The debate has been fuelled by studies for the US and Europe arguing that a substantial share of jobs is at “risk of...
Four fundamentals of workplace automation
The potential of artificial intelligence and advanced robotics to perform tasks once reserved for humans is no longer reserved for spectacular demonstrations by the likes of IBM’s Watson, Rethink Robotics’ Baxter, DeepMind, or Google’s driverless car. Just head to an airport: automated check-in kiosks now...
Machines that learn in the wild: machine learning capabilities, limitations and implications
This short report comes out of a workshop exploring the capabilities and limitations of machine learning algorithms. Rather than a complete resource looking at the specific capabilities of different algorithms, this report is an introduction to some of the current capabilities and limitations in the...