Regulatory instruments

Case study

Mitigating global fragmentation in digital trade governance: a case study

Digital trade is growing rapidly, and regulators are trying to keep up. This paper looks at how five leading digital economies are using regional trade agreements to address regulatory concerns at the same time as enhancing trade.
Strategy

Nature positive plan: better for the environment, better for business

This document forms the Australian government's response the Independent Review of the EPBC Act, conducted by Graeme Samuel in 2021. It sets out the government’s commitment to reform Australia’s environmental laws to better protect, restore and manage Australia's unique environment.
Working paper

Public investment must be paired with regulation to stop climate change

Climate policy has entered a new era, as public investment increasingly moves to centre stage. While essential for decarbonisation, public investment is not enough—the carrots of investment need to go hand in hand with regulatory sticks. This paper advances our understanding of how to tie...
Article

The Government Regulatory Technology Report 2022: optimism meets barriers to progress

The use of technology by regulators has the potential to improve how regulators operate and how easily and or effectively those they regulate comply. This article discusses a new survey that reveals the degree to which regulators are adopting these technologies.
Working paper

Regulatory policy 2.0 - viewpoints and beliefs about better regulation: a report from the “Q exercise”

Regulatory policy today is still grounded in principles and tools designed a few decades ago, but the context has changed significantly. This report provides empirical evidence and implications for the future direction of regulatory policy.
Policy report

Accelerating EV uptake: policies to realise Australia's electric vehicle potential

The global shift to electric vehicles (EVs) is well underway, but Australia’s EV uptake lags behind the trend. This report argues for fuel efficiency standards and other regulatory signals to accelerate and support Australia’s EV transition.
Working paper

Governing artificial intelligence in the public interest

This paper proposes an approach for developing and shaping artificial intelligence (AI) capabilities by integrating the technologies in policies specifically geared toward a sustainable, equitable and green digital economy.
Report

Where is the value in the chain? Pathways out of plastic pollution

This report aims to support policy-makers in their efforts to address plastic pollution. By examining the economic and financial implications of plastic management, the report provides key recommendations on how to create a comprehensive approach to addressing plastic pollution and to help policy-makers make better...
Guide

Statement of ministerial standards: April 2022

This document has been prepared in light of a recognition that public office is a public trust, and therefore, the people of Australia are entitled to expect that, as a matter of principle, government ministers will act with due regard for integrity, fairness, accountability, responsibility...
Discussion paper

Property Market Review: consultation paper

This review is looking for ways to improve property market laws to support Victorians to have fairer and easier access to the housing market. This paper has been developed by the Review Panel to assist the consultation process. It explains the background for the terms...
Working paper

Occupational licensing and accountant quality: evidence from the 150-hour rule

This paper examines the effects of occupational licensing on the quality of Certified Public Accountants (CPAs), especially considering the adoption of the 150-hour rule, which increases the educational requirements for a CPA license.
Guide

Climate risk governance guide

This guide is an introductory resource for directors on climate change risk governance. It provides a plain-language introduction to fundamental climate change concepts, and considers this issue in the context of the non-executive directors’ role and duties.
Guide

Regulators’ experimentation toolkit: a guide to running regulatory experiments

This toolkit has been developed to provide regulators with a practical guide to identify, design, and carry out regulatory experiments.
Report

Responding to our consultation: changes for more flexible and responsive regulation

The Care Quality Commission is currently in the process of developing a new five-year strategy, to run from 2021 – 2026. While it is carrying out a programme of engagement around the new strategy, CQC has also launched a consultation on proposals to make its...
Report

A frequent flyer levy

The authors of this document consider the policy options and instruments available to the UK government to reduce aviation travel and to ensure carbon reduction targets can be achieved.
Guide

Pricing for value: a guide for government services

This guide is intended to improve consistency and capability in price-setting across the Victorian government. It updates pricing principles to align with current best practice and, as a practical user guide for entities to review or set their fees and charges, provides practical step-by-step guidance...
Report

Investigation into the regulation of lobbying, access and influence in NSW

This report on Operation Eclipse is an investigation into the regulation of lobbying, access and influence in New South Wales. It examines factors that could either allow, encourage or cause corrupt conduct, or detract from the integrity and good repute of public administration.
Discussion paper

Natural language processing technologies in government: occasional paper

This research explores how emerging technologies could benefit regulatory decision-making. As a central feature, this paper considers technology applications that include ‘natural language processing’, a subset of artificial intelligence that analyses and processes text and speech.
Report

International approaches to ongoing competence

This report offers a broad review of how legal regulators in a range of different jurisdictions are managing and improving the ongoing competence of their lawyers.
Video

Regulatory capability: what does it mean and how do we acquire it?

In a field which has traditionally relied heavily upon ‘on the job’ training and deep domain knowledge, what would a system-wide regulatory capability approach look like?  How can we best equip regulators to operate effectively in the new normal and to see themselves as part...
Guide

Carbon pricing assessment and decision-making: a guide to adopting a carbon price

Many countries and subnational jurisdictions are considering putting a price on carbon to help reduce greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions and achieve their climate commitments. The objective of this guide is to help policy-makers build the case for carbon pricing and choose an appropriate carbon pricing...
Discussion paper

New tech applications for regulatory outcomes: occasional paper

This paper considers developments in the use of Regulatory Technology (RegTech), including its application in the communications and media sector. This research is intended to ensure the ACMA, as Australia’s communication and media regulator, is aware of current and emerging developments.
Guide

How to regulate

The purpose of the handbook is to assist officials involved in regulatory activities, to learn how to tackle certain regulatory challenges and to develop a tailor-made systematic approach to improve their regulation. The guide can also be used as a basis for training courses or...
Video

Regulatory frameworks

As anyone tasked with developing their agency’s regulatory strategy knows only too well, the landscape of available ideas is crowded and confusing. This presentation discusses some of the approaches that will be most helpful in making, explaining and evaluating regulators' choices, setting their posture and...
Report

Review into bias in algorithmic decision-making: final report

This review focused on the use of algorithms in significant decisions about individuals. The review looks at the use of algorithmic decision-making in four sectors (policing, local government, financial services and recruitment) and makes cross-cutting recommendations that aim to help build the right systems so...