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Regulatory instruments


Artificial Intelligence: solving problems, growing the economy and improving our quality of life

This report outlines the importance of action for Australia to capture the benefits of artificial intelligence (AI). It identifies strategies to help develop a national AI capability to boost the productivity of Australian industry, create jobs and economic growth, and improve the quality of life...
Discussion paper

Regulatory philosophy, theory and practice: ka mua, ka muri

This research paper reflects on the long and often remarkable history of regulatory reform to lay out the main regulatory challenges of today, and explores how they can be best addressed in the future.

Who is behind the wheel? Fixing the global standards on company ownership

In the last five years, several major investigations have demonstrated how easy it is to set up and manage a legal entity without having to provide information about its beneficial owner. This report argues that public registers of beneficial ownership of companies should be the...

Review of the Higher Education Provider Category Standards: final report

A key driver for this review has been to ensure that the Provider Category Standards (PCS) remain fit for purpose against Australia’s evolving higher education landscape, accommodate innovative and changing practice, and are comparable to international benchmarks.
Journal article

The role of RegTech in augmenting regulatory compliance: regulating technology, accountability and liability

While RegTech in its many forms, from expert rule-based systems for compliance automation to artificial intelligence for reporting and compliance analysis, has the potential to revolutionise a regulator’s job, it comes with its own set of legal challenges.

Independent review of the Greenhouse and Energy Minimum Standards (GEMS) Act 2012: final report

The Australian government has released this final report of the Independent Review of the Greenhouse and Energy Minimum Standards Act 2012 (GEMS Act). The review is a statutory requirement to ensure the GEMS Act remains appropriate and effective in reducing Australia’s energy consumption and greenhouse...
Briefing paper

Standards for the digital economy: creating an architecture for data collection, access and analytics

This policy brief outlines the key recommendations from Canada’s Economic Strategy Tables and other think tanks pertaining to digitization and data interoperability standards.

Standards Australia Distribution and Licensing Policy Framework

This response to the Standards Australia discussion paper is informed by our commitment to providing access to information to those who need it.
Draft report

Review of local government election costs: draft report

IPART is reviewing the amount the NSW Electoral Commission (NSWEC) can charge councils for administering local government elections in 2020. This draft report sets out their preliminary recommendations.
Discussion paper

Developing standards for artificial intelligence: hearing Australia’s voice

The growing use of artificial intelligence (AI) and conversations around unlocking its true benefits have prompted the development of this discussion paper. Feedback from stakeholders will be used to inform the Standards Australia Artificial Intelligence Roadmap Report, which will be completed in September 2019.

School compliance with Victoria’s child safe standards

This audit examined whether the systems and supports that oversee Victoria’s Child Safe Standards assure school compliance. This audit included the Victorian Registration and Qualifications Authority (VRQA) and the Department of Education and Training (DET).
Discussion paper

Risk governance and risk-based regulation

This research paper presents findings from a broad scoping of the international academic literature on the use of risk governance and risk-based regulation.

How regulators can benefit from a focus on risk: Harvard's Malcolm Sparrow

One of the issues that afflicts regulation is the “swinging of the regulatory pendulum”, as governments switch from adversarial enforcement-centred strategy to more trusting and cooperative postures, and then swing back again when something awful happens.
Briefing paper

Assessing the value of accreditation to health systems and organisations

This paper argues that evaluating the outcomes of revised processes will be necessary to safeguard the reliability of health service organisations' accreditation processes and make available the evidence of its value to the health system and organisations.
Discussion paper

Review of local government election costs: issues paper

The NSW Government has asked IPART to recommend a costing methodology to be applied in determining the amount the NSWEC charges councils for local government election services. This is the first time IPART has reviewed the cost of local government elections.
Discussion paper

Artificial Intelligence: Australia’s ethics framework - a discussion paper

This paper emphasises real-world case studies specifically related to AI and automated systems, rather than a detailed exploration of the philosophical implications of AI, but those philosophical inquiries are also important. The goal of this document is to provide a pragmatic assessment of key issues...

Effectiveness of the Aged Care Quality Assessment and accreditation framework for protecting residents from abuse and poor practices, and ensuring proper clinical and medical care standards are maintained and practised: final report

Among the many other recommendations, this report calls for the Australian government to implement a clearly articulated principle that the duty of care for the regulation of all care within the aged care residential setting ultimately rests with the Aged Care Quality and Safety Commission.
Briefing paper

New car CO2 standards: Is the job of securing electric cars in Europe done?

This analysis shows that the final rules agreed on how zero and low-emission cars are counted towards the Cars CO2 regulation in the European Union – i.e. the multiplier for plug-in hybrids, double-counting in some markets as well as the potential inclusion of Norway –...

Inquiry into reform of business licensing in Western Australia: final report

Business licensing in Western Australia is varied and far-reaching, for example covering driving, teacher registration, kangaroo shooting and cat breeding. To improve the current licensing schemes, this inquiry sought to identify the reasons why reform can be difficult for agencies and legislators, and proposes ways...

Behavioural insights and regulatory practice

This research report presents findings from a broad range of international academic literature on the use of insights from the behavioural sciences in regulatory practice—an approach to regulation colloquially known as ‘nudging’.