Forced labour

Unfree labour

In broad daylight: Uyghur forced labour and global solar supply chains

The People’s Republic of China (PRC) has placed millions of indigenous Uyghur and Kazakh citizens from the Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region into what the government calls 'surplus labour and 'labour transfer' programs. Many indigenous workers are unable to refuse or walk away from these jobs...

Risky goods: New Zealand imports

This report highlights New Zealand’s most risky goods, as well as how other countries are looking into supply chains and addressing imports linked to child labour and forced labour.

Plan of action against forced labour, people trafficking and slavery

The plan of action is comprised of 28 actions to reduce forced labour, people trafficking and slavery within New Zealand.

Addressing Forced Labor in the Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region: collective action to develop new sourcing opportunities

This report argues that to speed the development of alternate sourcing hubs that are free of forced labor, public and private actors must coordinate to encourage long-term investment in new locations, and international human rights and environmental standards must form a fundamental element of the...
Policy report

Exploratory study of good policies in the protection of construction workers in the Middle East

This paper explores the changes that have taken place over the past few decades in the way in which workers are employed in the construction industry. As a number of studies have recently dealt with the challenge of eliminating recruitment debt, this paper will focus...
Briefing paper

Addressing forced labor in the Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region: toward a shared agenda

The forced labor of ethnic and religious minorities in the Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region (XUAR), as part of a broader pattern of severe human rights abuses, is a significant and growing concern that demands the attention of governments and private-sector actors across the world. This...

Connecting the dots in Xinjiang: forced labor, forced assimilation, and Western supply chains

This paper argues that the potentially widespread use of forced labor in Xinjiang, and its connections to Western supply chains and consumers, creates both a moral imperative for action and an opportunity to use economic leverage to improve the situation in Xinjiang.
Discussion paper

Have your say: should New Zealand ratify the Forced Labour Protocol?

This discussion paper seeks New Zealanders' views on whether the country should ratify the International Labour Organization 2014 Forced Labour Protocol, a binding treaty-level instrument addressing issues of modern slavery and forced labour.